Terms in this set (18)
An operation that focuses on calf production through weaning.
Growing program for feeder cattle from time calves are weaned until they go to a feedlot.
Enterprise in which cattle are fed grain and a balanced diet for 90-120 days. Feedlots range in size from less than 100-head capacity to many thousands.
An individual housing unit designed for young calves.
Young calves are given colostrum, nutrient rich milk, immediately after birth.
A facility to house dairy cows that provides the animals with a clean, dry, comfortable resting area and easy access to food and water. The cows are not restrained and are free to enter, lie down, rise, and leave the barn whenever they desire.
A specialized area on the dairy farm where the milking process is performed. Cows are brought into the parlor two or three times a day.
The milk is homogenized, reducing the size of fat globules to make the milk smooth.
The milk is pasteurized, a heat treatment used to remove pathogens from the milk.
Mating of parents from a common genetic group or breed.
flocks that sell pounds of meat and/or wool instead of breeding stock
Slightly smaller operations that are kept more confined in fenced pastures.
Raised on the range in herds of 1,000 head or more.
Egg Production Systems
management of chickens for the sole purpose of egg production.
the hard-shelled reproductive body of a bird, most commonly a chicken
young female chicken used for egg production.
a chicken raised for the purpose of meat production.
young female chicken used for producing meat type off-spring.
Environmentally controlled buildings that house swine at similar stages of development.
System where swine have access to the outdoors and shelter buildings are not environmentally controlled.