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114 terms

Pharm HIM Chapter 16, 17, 18

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Maurice Smith is recovering from an addiction to a narcotic drug. Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Recovering addicts can take methadone in the privacy of their own homes.
Which of the following statements about duloxetine (Cymbalta) is FALSE?
It is used to treat withdrawal from heroin and cocaine.
Panic disorder is treated with various types of ______.
antianxiety and antidepressant drugs
Which of the following is NOT a benzodiazepine drug used to treat anxiety?
chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
Which of the following statements about ADHD is TRUE?
The most recent research suggests it may be a delay in brain development.
Which one of the following drugs is NOT used to treat ADHD?
Prozac
The words MAO, tricyclic, and tetracyclic all refer to what type of drugs?
antidepressant drugs
The use of drugs in treating posttraumatic stress disorder is centered around the fact that in posttraumatic stress disorder there are increased levels of epinephrine and norepinephrine and decreased levels of _____.
cortisol
All of the following statements about anorexia nervosa are true EXCEPT _____.
The patient is of a normal weight.
Which of the following are NOT symptoms of neurosis?
loss of touch with reality
Which of the following is NOT an antianxiety drug used to treat withdrawal from alcohol?
methylphenidate (Concerta, Daytrana, Ritalin)
The side effects of dry mouth, dry eyes, blurred vision, constipation, and urinary retention that are common to tricyclic antidepressant drugs are because of their effect on the levels of _____.
histamine and acetylcholine
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
The FDA required drug companies to put a warning label on many antidepressant drugs because they could cause acne, especially in teens and young adults.
Tricyclic antidepressant drugs are so named because of the ______.
triple-ring configuration of the chemical structure of the drug
Which of the following is NOT one of the drug categories of antipsychotic drugs used to treat schizophrenia?
lithium
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is treated with _____.
antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs
Which drugs are by far the most commonly prescribed drugs for the treatment of anxiety and neurosis?
benzodiazepine drugs
Which category of drug is NOT beneficial in treating the manic phase of manic-depressive disorder?
narcotic drugs
Robert Crawford has been a drug addict for six months. Now, he is increasing the amount of the drug he takes but is still not getting the effect he craves. This is because he is now experiencing _____.
tolerance
The suffix _____ is common to generic antipsychotic drugs that belong to the largest category of drugs used to treat psychosis and schizophrenia.
-azine
What mental illness is the drug haloperidol (Haldol) used to treat?
psychosis
Minor tranquilizer drugs are not used as often as major tranquilizer drugs for treating anxiety and neurosis because they are older, less effective drugs.
False
Although just slightly different in chemical structure, tetracyclic antidepressant drugs have a much stronger antidepressant effect than tricyclic antidepressant drugs.
False
Phenothiazine drugs for psychosis block dopamine, histamine, alpha, and serotonin receptors in the brain.
True
The phenothiazine drugs for psychosis are the largest category of drugs used to treat psychosis and schizophrenia.
True
SSRI and SNRI antidepressant drugs are used to treat both social anxiety disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder.
True
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is characterized by mood swings between two poles.
False
Some antipsychotic drugs that are used to treat psychosis are also used to treat psychosis with agitation that occurs in patients with dementia, Alzheimer's disease, or Parkinson's disease.
True
Benzodiazepine drugs affect emotional behavior by their action in the motor cortex of the brain.
False
Although it doesn't seem to make sense to give an amphetamine drug to a patient who is hyperactive, it works because the amphetamine stimulant drug has a paradoxical effect.
True
Tricyclic antidepressant drugs are so named because the tablet releases different amounts of the drug during three distinct phases of time.
False
The narcotic drug buprenorphine (Buprenex, Subutex) is used to treat withdrawal from addiction to heroin, cocaine, or narcotic drugs.
True
The drug clonidine (Catapres) is used to treat schizophrenia, but is also used to treat hypertension, atrial fibrillation, severe pain in cancer patients, restless leg syndrome, and as an aid to stop smoking.
True
Benzodiazepine drugs bind to several different receptors in the brain to provide sedation and also to decrease muscle tension that comes with anxiety.
True
The original parent drug for the phenothiazine category of antipsychotic drugs was first manufactured as a wormer for livestock.
True
Bipolar disorder is characterized by two opposite emotions of mania and anxiety.
False
Which of the following is NOT a prescription antibiotic drug used to treat acne vulgaris?
triclosan (Clearasil, Oxy, Stri-Dex)
All of the following drugs are used topically to treat acne vulgaris EXCEPT ______.
metronidazole (MetroGel)
Which of the following is NOT a type of fungal infection of the skin?
contact dermatitis
Which of the following is NOT one of the effects of coal tar drugs used to treat psoriasis?
increase the rate of epithelial cell production
Which of the following statements about psoriasis is FALSE?
It exhibits an abnormally slow rate of epithelial cell division.
Some of the same drugs used to treat fungal infections are also used to treat yeast infections. This is because ______.
fungi are closely related (biologically) to yeasts.
Which of the following drugs is used topically to treat viral infections of the skin?
acyclovir (Zovirax)
Which of the following is NOT a suffix common to generic corticosteroid drugs?
-side
Acne rosacea is treated topically with ______.
MetroGel
Which of the following is NOT a category of topical drugs used to treat psoriasis?
antihistamine drugs
Which of the following generic dermatologic drugs is correctly matched to its trade name?
betamethasone: Maxivate
All of these are topical antiviral drugs used to treat herpes simplex virus type 1 infections EXCEPT ______.
diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
Topical corticosteroid drugs are used to treat all of the following EXCEPT _____.
lice
Which of the following is NOT a topical, over-the-counter antibiotic drug used to treat superficial bacterial skin infections?
ketoconazole
Which of the following drugs is NOT a combination antihistamine and astringent drug?
EMLA
Which of the following is the only antiviral drug that is used both topically and orally to treat herpes simplex virus type 1 and herpes simplex virus type 2 infections?
acyclovir (Zovirax)
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Lindane, an agricultural pesticide, is the drug of choice for scabies and pediculosis.
Coal tar drugs are used to treat ______.
psoriasis
All of the following pairs of trade names are corticosteroid drugs EXCEPT ______.
Lotrimin and Penlac
Zingo, EMLA, and Xylocaine are all trade name topical ______ drugs.
anesthetic
The topical drug used to treat male pattern baldness is ______.
minoxidil (Rogaine)
Isotretinoin (Accutane) has been linked to the unusual and severe adverse effect of ______.
suicide
Scabies is caused by mites that bury under the skin; this skin problem is treated with _____.
topical permethrin (Acticin, Elimite)
Oral antibiotic drugs, such as doxycycline (Vibramycin, Vibra-Tabs) and tetracycline (Sumycin), provide topical treatment for cases of severe acne vulgaris.
False
A deficiency of vitamin C can produce abnormal changes in the epithelial cells of the skin.
False
Drugs used to treat acne rosacea include oral over-the-counter tetracycline prescription drugs.
False
Topical drugs used to treat the herpes simplex virus type 1 interfere with cellular DNA synthesis and keep the herpes virus from reproducing.
True
For severe hives, itching, or dermatitis caused by an allergy, antihistamine drugs are administered orally.
True
Because of their content, ointments are generally the most common type of drug that is used to treat acne vulgaris.
False
Botox is derived from Clostridium botulinum, the same bacteria that causes cans to bulge at the ends and causes food poisoning.
True
Both topical and oral vitamin A-type drugs as well as topical and oral vitamin D-type drugs are used to treat psoriasis.
False
Drugs used to treat vitiligo produce repigmentation of the skin in patients.
True
Acitretin (Soriatane) is an oral vitamin A-type drug used to treat psoriasis.
True
Synthetic vitamin D-type drugs for psoriasis activate vitamin D receptors in the epithelial cells and increase the rate of cell growth.
False
Triclosan is a topical antibiotic drug that is used to prevent outbreaks of serious bacterial infections due to MRSA.
True
Some topical drugs for inflammation and itching contain oatmeal to decrease itching.
True
Severe fungal infections that are embedded in the nails are treated topically with undecylenic acid (Cruex, Desenex).
False
The prescription drug interferon alfa-2b (Intron A) is used to treat genital warts.
True
Topical antibiotic drugs for bacterial eye infections _________.
disrupt the cell walls of the bacteria
Topical sulfonamide drugs are used to treat bacterial infections of the eye because they _______.
are anti-infective drugs
Topical antiviral drugs for viral eye infections, such as trifluridine (Viroptic), act by ________.
inhibiting viral DNA from reproducing
Which of the following categories of drugs is NOT used to treat allergy symptoms in the eyes?
topical prostaglandin F agonist drugs
Which drug used to treat glaucoma blocks an enzyme that is active in the production of aqueous humor?
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor drugs
In order to examine the interior of the eye, the patient would be given eye drops containing what type of drug?
mydriatic drug
Mydriatic drugs ______.
dilate the pupil
All of the following drugs are used to treat glaucoma EXCEPT _____.
gentamicin (Garamycin, Gentacidin, Gentak)
All of the following are beta-blocker drugs used to treat glaucoma EXCEPT ______.
prednisolone (Econopred Plus, Pred Forte)
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
The antiviral implant Vitrasert is effective against viral infections, but not against CMV retinitis.
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
Botox is derived from the same bacterium that causes botulism (food poisoning).
Miotic drugs for glaucoma have the same action as ______.
acetylcholine
The drug tetracaine is used in the eye to ________.
provide topical anesthesia during eye examinations and for short surgical procedures
When a foreign substance (antigen), such as pollen or animal dander enters the eye, antibodies from the immune system attach to the antigen and _____ is released, which is the basis of an allergic reaction.
histamine
Which of the following drugs is NOT used to treat glaucoma?
cyclopentolate (Cyclogyl)
The topical drug natamycin (Natacyn) is used to treat _____.
fungal infections of the eyelids and eye
The drug fluocinolone (Retisert) is a ______.
corticosteroid drug that is inserted into the eye as an implant
Topical NSAIDs, commonly used in conjunction with cataract or LASIK surgery, ______.
treat pain and inflammation
Beta-blocker drugs are used to treat glaucoma by blocking beta receptors in the eye, and this ______.
decreases the production of aqueous humor and decreases the intraocular pressure
The combination glaucoma drugs P1E1 and P1E2 contain ______.
a miotic drug (pilocarpine) and an epinephrine drug
Which of the following is NOT a topical antibiotic drug used to treat bacterial infections of the eye?
metipranolol (OptiPranolol)
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Sulfonamide drugs and antibiotic drugs both kill bacteria to treat eye infections.
Which of the following is NOT a topical corticosteroid drug used to treat eye inflammation?
diclofenac (Voltaren)
Topical antibiotic drugs for eye infections are useful in treating both bacterial infections of the eye and viral infections of the eye.
False
The topical antiviral drug trifluridine (Viroptic) is specifically effective against herpes simplex virus, type 1 and type 2.
True
The drug ganciclovir (Vitrasert) is administered as an implant that is placed within the eye in the aqueous humor, so that the drug will come in contact with the cornea.
False
Only nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, not corticosteroid drugs, are used to treat inflammation in the eye in the areas of the eyelid, cornea, conjunctiva, or tear duct.
False
Beta-blocker drugs used to treat glaucoma have no effect on pupil size and therefore do not cause the blurred vision or night blindness associated with some other glaucoma drugs.
True
Alpha receptor stimulator drugs for glaucoma constrict the pupil and decrease the outflow of aqueous humor.
False
For infections in the eyes, only topical ophthalmic antibiotic drugs are used because oral antibiotic drugs are not effective in treating eye infections.
False
All carbonic anhydrase inhibitor drugs used to treat glaucoma must be given orally in order to be effective.
False
Sympathomimetic drugs for glaucoma mimic the action of epinephrine, a hormone that acts as part of the sympathetic division of the nervous system.
True
Some drugs used to treat cataracts do so by decreasing an elevated intraocular pressure which, if left untreated, can lead to blindness.
False
The drug Cosopt is a combination drug for glaucoma; it contains a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor drug (dorzolamide) and a beta-blocker drug (timolol).
True
Anesthetic ophthalmic drugs are administered topically, not systemically.
True
The drug sulfacetamide (Bleph-10, Cetamide, Sulster) is classified as an antibiotic drug.
False
Topical decongestant drugs constrict the blood vessels in the conjunctiva to reduce redness.
True
Miotic drugs for glaucoma have the same action as acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter for the parasympathetic nervous system.
True
Topical ophthalmic ointment drugs are interchangeable with topical ointment drugs for the skin because they both contain the same drug ingredient.
False
Botulinum toxin type A (Botox, Dysport) is injected into eye muscles to paralyze them and treat strabismus; it is also injected into the muscles of the face to treat skin wrinkles.
True