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Natural Disasters and Earth Science
Terms in this set (37)
Storm with violent wind, warm water, low pressure and revolution
An overflow of a large amount of water beyond its normal confines
Long, high sea wave caused by an earthquake in the ocean
Destructive vortex of violent winds
Severe snowstorm with high winds and low visibility
Fire caused by lightning or by a person in a wooded area
Mountain with a vent from which lava and ash flow
Violent shaking of the ground as a result of plate tectonic movement along faults
Space debris that enter the Earth's atmosphere
Prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall
Something very harmful, devastating and causes sudden great damage or suffering
Can be broken into renewable and nonrenewable resources
A resource that can be repeatedly used
Electrical energy generated by the flow of water
Living materials (wood, vegetation, etc.) which provide fuel
Utilizes turbines to generate electricity from the wind
A nonrenewable energy resource formed by the remains of organisms that live long ago.
The gradual heating of Earth's surface, oceans and atmosphere
Radiant energy emitted from the sun
A resource which is depleted with use, or can not be used again
A combustible black or dark brown rock consisting mainly of carbonized plant matter, found mainly in underground deposits and widely used as fuel.
A viscous liquid derived from petroleum, especially for use as a fuel or lubricant.
Energy generated from the heat within Earth
Major examples include: carbon dioxide, methane and water vapor
The energy released during nuclear fission or fusion, especially when used to generate electricity
Consists largely of methane and other hydrocarbons, occurring naturally underground and used as fuel.
A human's impact on the environment
The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's starting point, or focus.
Scientists use these to detect and measure seismic waves
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases and water from the mantle
Magma is called this once it reaches Earth's surface
Breaks in Earth's crust where rocks have slipped past each other
Theory of Plate Tectonics
Explains the formation, movement and subduction of Earth's plates
Volcano that has not erupted in recorded history and probably will not erupt again
Volcano that is currently not erupting, but may erupt again
Volcano that is currently erupting or shows signs of erupting in the near future
The study of earthquakes
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