82 terms

Wordlist 1 year unit 3 2016

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Terms in this set (...)

evaluate
to judge or calculate the quality, importance, amount of something
(verb)
application
-an official request for something, usually in writing
-a computer program that is designed for a particular purpose
-a way in which something can be used for a particular purpose
(noun)
to undertake studies
to conduct a number of detailed critical inspections
(phrase)
research findings
information obtained as the result of a detailed study of a subject
(phrase)
primary source
supply of the MAIN information one uses
key skill
very important ability to do an activity or job well, especially because you have practised it
(phrase)
secondary source
supply of the less important (than main one) information one uses
(phrase)
section heading
a title or top of a distinct part or subdivision of a writing on a page which helps readers follow the organization of a text
(phrase)
subject area
a branch of knowledge
(phrase)
peer-reviewed
academic term for quality control carried out by the experts of the same level as an author
(adjective)
up-to-date
modern, recent, or containing the latest information
(adjective)
contents
-the things that are within
- the subject or topic treated (as in a book)
(noun plural)
statement of aims (or statement of purpose)
-Personal statement about an individual, what influences them, professional interests, and plan for the future as typically described as part of a college applicants admissions application
-An aim statement is an explicit description of a team's desired outcomes, which are expressed in a measurable and time-specific way. It answers the question: What are we trying to accomplish?
(phrase)
literature review
a critical analysis of a segment of a published body of knowledge through
summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and
theoretical articles. It is different from annotated bibliography.
references
writers or books, articles, etc. that are mentioned in a piece of writing, showing you where particular information was found
(noun plural)
acknowledgements
a short text at the beginning or end of a book where the writer names people or other works that have helped in writing the book
(noun plural)
footnotes
notes printed at the bottom of a page that gives extra information about something that has been written on that page
(noun plural)
appendix (appendixes or appendices pl)
a separate part at the end of a book or magazine that gives extra information
(noun singular+plural)
relevant to
correct or suitable for a particular purpose
(adjective+preposition)
data
information, especially facts or numbers, collected to be examined and considered and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and used by a computer
(noun)
variable
a number, amount, or situation that can change
(noun)
authorship
the state or fact of being the person who wrote a particular book, article, play, etc.
(noun)
to provide evidence
to show one or more reasons for believing that something is or is not true
(phrase)
case study
-a detailed account giving information about the development of a person, group, or thing, especially in order to show general principles
-documented study of a specific real-life situation or imagined scenario, used as a training tool in business schools and firms. Students or trainees are required to analyze the prescribed cases and present their interpretations or solutions, supported by the line of reasoning employed and assumptions made.
(phrase)
priority - prioritize
something that is very important and must be dealt with before other things
(noun, verb)
cut and paste
to move words or pictures from one place to another in a computer document
(phrase)
keep a record
to preserve certain information so you can refer to it in the future
(phrase)
implication
the effect that an action or decision will have on something else in the future
(noun)
limitation
the act of controlling and especially reducing something
(noun)
tentative verb
a type of a reporting VERB which you use in your writing so that it sounds in a careful but uncertain way because you do not know if you are right, rather than direct, categorical one
(phrase)
"hedging" language
a type of LANGUAGE you use in academic writing. It is cautious and vague to sound in a careful but uncertain way because you do not know if you are right, rather than direct, categorical one
(phrase)
consistent with
in agreement with other facts or with typical or previous behaviour, or having the same principles as something else
(adjective)
bypass
-to avoid something by going around it
- ignore a rule or official authority
-a road built around a town or village so that traffic does not need to travel through it
(verb, noun)
critical thinking skills
ability to think clearly and rationally about what to do or what to believe. It includes the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking. When you are able to deduce consequences from what you know and you know how to make use of information to solve problems, and to seek relevant sources of information to inform yourself
(phrase with plural noun)
bias
It occurs when a writer displays a partiality for or prejudice against someone, something, or some idea. Sometimes it is readily identifiable in direct statements. Other times a writer's choice of words, selection of facts or examples, or tone of voice reveals IT.
(noun)
to identify bias
to see and state that there is a partiality for or prejudice against someone, something, or some idea
(phrase)
visual cue
Signals and variations in the appearance of a graphic display which are intended to assist the reader in using the display more efficiently. They are frequently employed where the reader has to detect or discriminate target items, such as in maps or bibliographies, but are less frequently used in material read for comprehension.
(phrase)
to infer the meaning
to form an opinion or guess that something is true because of the information that you have; we do it form something we hear or read, not say.
(phrase)
to underline
- to draw a line under a word or words
-to emphasize the importance or truth of something
(verb)
to highlight
-to emphasize something or make people notice something
(verb)
in bold
printed in thick dark letters
(adverbial phrase)
eccentricity- eccentric
the quality of being strange or unusual in behavior
(noun , adjective)
to be opposed to
to disagree with a plan or activity
(phrase)
committed to
loyal and giving a lot of your time and energy to something
(adjective)
to be portrayed as
to be to depicted in words; described graphically in a certain way
(phrase)
fickle
likely to change your opinion or your feelings suddenly and without a good reason
(adjective)
per capita
amount for each person
(phrase)
workplace objectives
specific goals a company sets out to achieve in a specified time frame
(phrase)
white collar organization
a type of company where people work in offices, doing work that needs mental rather than physical effort
(phrase)
to foster
to encourage the development or growth of ideas or feelings
(verb)
pervasive
present or noticeable in every part of a thing or place
(adjeсtive)
tailor-made
Perfectly fitted to a condition, preference, or purpose; made or as if made to order
(adjective)
backwash effect
-when economic growth in one area has an effect on surrounding areas
-In teaching, the influence that a test has on the way students are taught (e.g. the teaching mirrors the test because teachers want their students to pass).
(phrase)
polarization
the fact of people or opinions being divided into two opposing groups
(noun)
spillover
-an amount of liquid that has become too much for the object that contains it and flows or spreads out
-the effects of an activity that have spread further than was originally intended
(noun)
innovation hub
social communities or work space or research centers that provide subject-matter expertise on technology trends, knowledge and strategic innovation management, and industry-specific insights
(phrase)
infrastructure endowment
a financial help made to the basic systems and services, such as transport and power supplies, that a country or organization uses in order to work effectively
(phrase)
decision-making process
The thought activity of selecting a logical choice from the available options.

(phrase)
knock-on effect
When an event or situation has a knock-on effect, it causes other events or situations, but not directly
(phrase)
thorough risk assessment
a detailed accurate process of identifying variables that have the potential to negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business
(phrase)
place the blame
to assign a bad outcome TO someone or something
(phrase)
well-connected background
related by family ties to a high social and financial status which gives you advantages
(phrase)
emerging economy
Rapidly growing and volatile economies of certain Asian and Latin American countries. They promise huge potential for growth but also pose significant political, monetary, and social risks
(phrase)
fall/lag behind
fail to do something fast enough or on time
(phrasal verb)
the knowledge economy
Economy based on creating, evaluating, and trading mental resources.
(phrase)
shift
-to (cause something or someone to) move or change from one position or direction to another, especially slightly
-(of an idea, opinion, etc.) to change
-to get rid of something unwanted, or to sell something
- a group of workers who do a job for a period of time during the day or night, or the period of time itself

(noun, verb)
fibre
-any of the thread-like parts that form plant or artificial material and can be made into cloth
-threads when they are in a mass that can be used for making products such as cloth and rope
-one of various thread-like structures in the body, such as those found in muscle
(noun)
controversial
causing disagreement or discussion
(adjective)
to wage a war (on...)
to carry on a battle, military conflict, argument, etc.
( phrase)
to have resonance
to produce a feeling, thought, memory, etc. that continues to have a powerful effect or value

(phrase)
lack of longevity
short existence span of something
(phrase)
fatality
a death caused by an accident or by violence, or someone who has died in either of these ways
(phrase)
sense of fairness
having the quality of treating people equally or in a way that is right or reasonable
(phrase)
anticipate the thrill
to imagine or expect that a feeling of extreme excitement will happen, usually caused by something pleasant
(phrase)
scrutiny
the careful and detailed examination of something in order to get information about it
(noun)
glass beaker
- a wide glass with a lip for pouring that is used especially in chemistry for holding and measuring liquids
-a large drinking cup that has a wide mouth and is sometimes supported on a standard
(phrase)
decent
-socially acceptable or good
-informal dressed or wearing clothes
(adjective)
to be split into
to be divided into several parts
(phrase= passive verb + preposition)
wetsuit
-a piece of clothing, usually made from rubber, that covers the whole body closely and is designed to keep you warm when you are swimming, especially in the sea, for long periods
(noun)
buoyancy
the ability to float
(noun)
drag
-to move something by pulling it along a surface, usually the ground
-if you do it in a conversation, etc., =you begin to talk about it even if it is not connected with what you are talking about
(verb)
to smash records
to do something much faster, better etc than it has ever been done before
(phrase)