Terms in this set (89)
____________________ the weather is possible because the laws God created to govern weather are orderly.
An _____________________ is a huge volume of air in the troposphere that has assumed the humidity and approximate temperature of Earth's surface below.
When two air masses meet, the boundary between them is a ______________________.
When a strong cold air mass meets a weaker warm air mass moving in the opposite direction, a ________________ front forms.
When a stronger warm air mass overtakes a weakening cold air mass moving in the same direction, a _________________ front forms.
When a cold air mass and a warm air mass are equal in strength, preventing either air mass from moving for several days, a _____________________ front forms.
When a cold front pushes underneath a warm front and meets the cold air ahead of the warm front, warm air is forced upward and an ____________________ front forms.
Cold fronts associated with _____________________ areas can produce thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornadoes.
Moving, warm, moist air suddenly forced upward by a cold air mass or by mountains or by local hot wind currents produces __________________________.
A _________________________ is a small, powerful downdraft that spreads in all directions when it hits the ground.
As opposite electrical charges accumulate between clouds or between a cloud and the ground, ________________ occurs.
The heat of lightning causes the surrounding air to expand and contract rapidly, causing a sound wave, or __________________, to spread through the atmosphere.
A _________________ is a narrow, whirling, funnel-shaped windstorm produced by a thunderstorm over land.
Other than __________________, hurricanes, typhoons, and cyclones are all the same type of powerful storm, which begin as clusters of thunderstorms over tropical oceans.
The eyewall, which consists of clouds surrounding the storm's __________________, contains extremely strong winds and heavy rains.
A storm _______________, the most damaging feature of a hurricane, typhoon, or cyclone, takes place when the storm winds force water onto a coastline.
A ______________________ is used to measure atmospheric pressure.
A ____________________ is used to measure humidity in the air.
The wind vane and the windsock indicate wind direction; the _____________________ is used to measure wind speed.
A ____________________ is an instrument package that records and transmits data about temperature, pressure, and humidity in the upper troposphere and the stratosphere.
_______________________ can measure the velocity of high-altitude winds and give the exact location and size of storms.
Weather ___________________ transmit photographs of the changes in Earth's weather systems as the changes happen.
_______________________ analyze the data collected by weather instruments, and then they use the data to forecast weather and produce weather maps.
______________________ are lines connecting points of equal average temperature.
On a weather map, _____________________ connect points of equal atmospheric pressure and help identify high-pressure and low-pressure systems.
Weather is the condition of the ______________________ at a certain time and place.
________________________ is the study of weather.
Weather gives us a ______________________ of God's goodness in providing for the needs of mankind.
_______________________ is the major factor affecting weather.
Since ___________________ rays from the sun concentrate more energy upon Earth than rays approaching at an angle, Earth receives most heat energy at noon.
The air temperature continues to rise in the afternoon because the atmosphere receives heat from ________________ as well as from the sun, and the highest daily temperature usually occurs three or four hours after ________________.
The daily temperature ________________ is obtained by subtracting the lowest temperature from the highest temperature during a 24-hour period.
__________________ pressure usually brings cloudy, rainy, and stormy weather.
If the barometric pressure ________________ steadily, the weather will become unsettled and possibly stormy; if it ________________ steadily, the atmosphere will probably become clearer and drier.
Wind is produced when ___________________________ rises and the surrounding air from high-pressure areas flows in to fill the resulting low-pressure area.
The global and _________________ wind systems are the two basic wind systems that affect the weather.
Hadley Cells, Polar Cells, and Ferrel Cells make up the ______________ wind system.
The ____________________ effect is the effect of Earth's rotation on global air circulation.
Winds are commonly identified by the ___________________ from which they blow.
________________ winds blow from the northeast in the Northern Hemisphere and from the southeast in the Southern Hemisphere.
In the _________________, air rises vertically to great heights as it is continually heated by the direct rays of the sun, creating an area where winds seldom move horizontally.
The _______________ latitudes are belts of calm air at about 30 degrees latitude north and south of the equator.
A local wind system can be either a land-sea cycle or a ______________________ cycle.
Winds are common over flat plains because of the abundance of warm land surfaces and the lack of ___________________-causing physical features.
The presence of water vapor in the atmosphere is called ____________________.
When _____________________ in the air cools, it condenses into tiny water droplets that can form clouds.
If the temperature is below the ________________ point, precipitation appears as snow, sleet, or hail.
Hail begins to form when water droplets are caught up by vertical wind currents, or ________________, in the storm clouds and freeze into sleet.
It is the land and _____________________ areas that cause winds in local weather systems to be hot or cold and dry or humid.
____________________ is the average weather conditions in a certain area over a long period of time.
Climate is most often described in terms of temperature and _________________________.
Tropical, mid-latitude, and polar are the three climate temperature zones influenced by ________________________.
The higher the climate's elevation, the lower the average monthly and annual ________________________ of that climate.
Four factors that influence both the temperature and precipitation of a climate are ocean currents, nearness to water, wind, and ______________________.
The tropical climate group is located near the _________________________ and is divided into tropical wet and tropical wet and dry climate types.
The ____________________ climate group, divided into arid and semiarid climate types, is identified by low ______________ precipitation and by large daily and seasonal temperature variations.
The ____________________ climate group is divided into the Mediterranean, humid subtropical, and marine climate types.
The _________________________ climate group is divided into warm summer, cool summer, and subarctic climate types.
Tundra and ice cap are the two climate types in the __________________________________ group.
The ________________________ climate group includes the upland climate located on high plateaus and the highland climate located on mountains.
God created Earth much like a ________________________ environment in which plants grow well, but Earth and its atmosphere changed as a result of the Flood.
_______________________ is the climate type with year-round precipitation, abundant plant growth, and large rivers.
tropical wet and dry
________________________ is the climate type with three distinct seasons, seasonal flooding, and growth of grasses.
_______________________ is the climate type with little rainfall, hot days, and cool nights.
______________________ is the climate type with annual rainfall 10 to 20 inches (25 to 50 cm), and vegetation with mostly low shrubs and grasses.
______________________ is the climate type with warm, sunny winters, and abundant growth of fruits and vegetables.
______________________ is the climate type with year-round rain, mild winters, warm, humid summers, and is ideal for growing many food and fiber crops.
_____________________ is the climate type with high amounts of rainfall, mild temperatures, and thick forests.
_______________________ is the climate type with year-round precipitation and heavy springtime water draining from melting snow.
_______________________ is the climate type with relatively cool summers and harsh winters with cold Arctic winds.
________________________ is the climate type with long, cold winters with little precipitation and evergreen forests.
_______________________ is the climate type with frozen groundwater, permafrost, and plant roots that cannot penetrate the frozen ground.
_________________________ is the climate type that has below freezing temperatures, sheets of ice, and mosses and lichens.
_______________________ is the condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place.
Since vertical rays from the sun concentrate more energy upon Earth than rays approaching at an ____________________, Earth receives most heat energy at noon.
If the _____________________ pressure drops steadily, the weather will become unsettled and possibly stormy; if it rises steadily, the atmosphere will probably become clearer and drier.
____________________ is produced when warm air rises and the surrounding air from high-pressure areas flows in to fill the resulting low-pressure area.
The global wind system is made up of the Hadley Cells, __________________ Cells, and Ferrel Cells.
The Coriolis effect is the effect of Earth's _______________________.
In the Northern Hemisphere, trade winds blow from the northeast, and in the Southern Hemisphere, they blow from the _________________________.
A local wind system can be either a ____________________-sea cycle or a ______________________-valley cycle.
An air mass is a huge volume of air in the _______________________ that has assumed the humidity and approximate temperature of Earth's surface below.
When a strong cold air mass meets a weaker warm air mass moving in the opposite direction, a ____________________________ forms.
A _____________________ forms when a stronger warm air mass overtakes a weakening cold air mass moving in the same direction.
When a cold air mass and a warm air mass are equal in strength, preventing either air mass from moving for several days, a ___________________________ forms.
Radar can measure the velocity of high-altitude winds and give the exact location and size of ________________________.
It is the land and water areas that cause __________________ in local weather systems to be hot or cold and dry or humid.
The ____________________ climate group, divided into arid and semiarid climate types, is identified by low annual precipitation and by large temperature variations.
The high-elevation climate group includes the ___________________ climate located on high plateaus and the highland climate located on mountains.