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Nervous System Outline & Study Guide

Medical Language for modern Health Care Chapter 10
STUDY
PLAY
trans-
across
-ia
abnormal condition
a-
without
-ic
pertaining to
polio-
gray matter
-cide
kill
hydro-
water
-pathy
disease
con-
with, together
-cele
hernia
ad-
to, toward
-graphy
recording
ant-
against
-esis
(abnormal) condition
MS
multiple sclerosis
EEG
electroencephalogram
polio-
poliomyelitis
CT
computed tomography
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
CVA
cerebrovascular accident
CVA common term
stroke
LSD
lysergic acid diethylamide
TIA
transient ischemic attack
TIA common term
small stroke
TB
tuberculosis
TBI
traumatic brain injury
syn-
together
sym-
together
-ism
a process
astrocyte
star shaped connective tissue or star shaped cell
dermatome
instrument to cut
ataxia
condition without coordination or movement
antiepileptic
pertaining to against seizures
narcolepsy
seizure, stupor
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain
spina bifida
no vertebral arch is formed
Huntington's disease
mild personality order in ages 30 to 50
Alzheimer's
most common form of dementia
syncope
fainting or passing out
hematoma
bruise
neuralgia
nerve pain
herpes zoster
chicken pox
anencephaly
without brain hemisphere
carpal tunnel
nerve at wrist is compressed by wrist bone and ligament
hydrocephalus
fluid on the brain causing enlarged head
fetal alcohol syndrome
FAS
shaken baby syndrome
brain injury caused by baby being shaken
astrocytoma
brain tumor derived from astrocytes
migraine
severe headache confined to one side of the head
concussion
mild head injuries
insomnia
inability to sleep
disability
diminished capacity to perform certain functions
anesthetic
agent that causes a loss of feeling or sensation
glioma
glial cell tumors
syncope
fainting
cranial
pertaining to the skull
medulla oblongata
where the brain stem connects with the spinal cord
lumbar puncture
how to obtain a CSF specimen
endorphin
body's natural pain killer
TIA
short term strokes
chronic
a persistent, long term disease
Bell palsy
paralysis on one side of the face
neur/o
nerve, nerve tissue
PNS
peripheral nervous system
ANS
autonomic nervous system
auto-
self, same
-al
pertaining to
-morphin
morphine
-apse
clasp
-cyte
cell
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
micro-
small
-glia
glue
-um
tissue, structure
epi-
upon, above
-oid
resemble
synapses
the junction between two nerve cells
acetylcholine
chemical that stimulates muscles to contract
norepinephrine
chemical that stimulates, found in brain and spinal cord
serotonin
chemical involved with mood, anxiety and sleep
dopamine
chemical in smal areas of the brain
endorphins
chemical around brainstem that is body's natural pain reliever
frontal lobe
behind forehead
parietal lobe
above ears
temporal lobe
behind ear and below frontal and parietal
occipital lobe
back of head
thalamus
decussate sensory impulses are received and channeled to the brain
hypothalamus
regulates blood pressure, body temperature, water & electrolyte balance, hunger & body weight, sleep and wakefulness and movements & secretions of the digestive tract
basal nuclei
gray matter controlling voluntary musclular movements
limbic system
controls emotional experience
brainstem
2 major areas, pons and medulla oblongata
cranial nerves
have 12 pairs of nerves that arise from the brain
meninges
three layers that cover the brain and spinal cord
dementia
not a disease
cerebral palsy is considered
a type of paralysis
convulsions
synonym for seizures
sensory input
seeing, touching, smelling, tasting, and feeling from receptors both conscious and subconsious
motor output
muscle contraction, blood vessel contraction and production of sweat, salive, and digestive enzymes
evaluationi and integration
process sensory inputs, initiate motor response and store event in memory
homeostasis
the balance of responding by stimulating responses
mental activity
so you can think, feel, understand, respond and remember
neurotransmitter
chemical agaent that relays messages from one nerve cell to another
functions of the nervous system
sensory input, motor output, evaluation & integration, homeostasis, mental activity
SI would stand for what function of the nervous system
sensory input
E& I would stand for what function of the nervous system
evaluation and integratoin
what are the _______ input and ______ output of the nervous systems functions
sensory and motor
the nervous system functions to provide _________ activity
mental
examples of neurotransmitters
acetylcholine, noreepinephrine, serotonin, dopamine, endorphins
four lobes are the
frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital
name the brain regions
thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic, basal nuclei, and brainstem