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N이/가 아프다

used to express where you feel pain.


"also". When used after a subject or object, the particles 이/가 & 을/를 are omitted.


means "because", "since", "so". Can be used to express the reasons for an order or suggestion (unlike -아서/어서).

V-지 마세요

the negative imperative form (don't do V).

N은/는 N'한테 촣다/나쁘다

N is good for N'/ N is bad for N'. When N' is a person or animal, 한테 is used after N'.

N은/는 N'에 촣다/나쁘다

N is good for N'/ N is bad for N'. When N' is an inanimate thing, 에 is used after N'.

V-아/어 보세요

denotes a suggestion or recommendation. Often uses 한반 (try this once).

V-는 게 어때요?

used when suggesting something (how about V?).

A-(으)ㄴ N

the adjective modifies or defines the noun. (When the A ends in 있다/없다, use 는 instead).


interrogative adjective meaning "what kind of" (characteristics, qualities, contents of a person, thing, work, etc). (ie 어떤 음식)

S-고 S'

by using this after a verb or adjective stem of the first clause, two sentences of an equal status, enumerated using 그리고, can be combined into one. (The tense is expressed only in the final sentence ending.)

N을/를 N'(으)로 바꾸다

when exchanging something (N) for something else (N'), use 을/를 with the first thing and (으)로 with N'.

N보다 (더) A

used when comparing two things; 보다 is added to the end of the first N, and 더 (more) can be added in front of the A.

A-(으)ㄴ 가

when something has been mentioned in a previous sentence, you can replace it with 가 (similar to "it"). This is never used alone, always with a modifying word, and cannot be used to indicate a person or place.

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