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Medical Term 2

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STUDY
PLAY
THR
Total Hip Replacement
BUN
blood uria nitrogen
TRAM
transverse rectus abdominus muscle flap
D & C
Dilation and curettage
US
ultrasound
GTT
Glucose Tolerance Test
PTH
Parathryroid Hormones
TIA
Transient Ischemic Attack
Extension
Increase the angle of a joint
Lordosis
Abnorman, inward curvature of a portion of the lower portion of the spine
scoliosis
abnormal, lateral curvature of the spine, either to the left or right
comminuted
bone has broken or splintered into pieces
Paget Disease
chronic inflammation of bones, resulting in thickening and softening of bones (AKA osteitis deformans)
Orthpedics
Branch of medicine concerned with prevention, diagnoses, care and treatment of muscoskeletal disorders
osteoporosis
common metabolic bone disorder in the elderly, particularly postmenopausal women and esp women over 60
osteoarthritis
most common form of arthritis
arthroplasty
surgical repair of joints
patellectomy
removal of the patella
sequestrectomy
excision of the sequestrum
urethra
tube that discharges urine from the bladder
glomerulus
tuft of capillares, inside the bowman capsule
renal corpuscle
composed of the glomerus and bowman capsule
hematuria
blood in the urine
diuresis
increased formation and secretion of urine
enuresis
involuntary discharge of urine; also called incontinence
incontinence
involuntary disharge of urine
Wilms Tumor
Rapidly developing malignant neoplasm of the kidney that usually occurs in children
hesitancy
difficulity starting urine
pyuria
pus in the urine
polycystic kidney disease
inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidney
laparoscopy
visual examinations of hte abdominal cavity with a laparoschope through one of more small incisions in the abdominal wall, usually at the imbilicus
estrogens
treat symptoms of menopause through hormone replacement therapy
vas deferens
narrow tube that passes through the inguinal canal into the abdominal cavity
phimosis
stenosis or narrowing of foreskin to that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis
urethrostenosis
stricture or narrowing of the urethra
urethrography
radiography of the urethra
salpingitis
inflammation of the fallopian tubes
Testicular torsion
spontaneous twisting of a testicle within the scrotum, leadin to ta decrease in blood flow to the affected testicle
Graves Disease
multisystem autoimmune disorder charecterized by pronounced hyper-thryoidism usually associated with enlarged thyroid gland and exophthalmos
Diabetes mellitus
chronic metabolic disorder of impaired carbohydrate, protein, fat metabolism due to insufficient production of insulin or the bodys inability to use insulin properly
tetany
spasms
acromegaly
rare hormonal disorder in adulthood, usually caused by GH-secreting pituitary tumor that promotes the soft tissue and bones of the face, hands and feet to grow larger than normal
addison disease
uncommon chronic disorder caused by a deficiency of cortical hormones, results when adrenal cortex is damaged or atrophied
glucose tolerance test
screening test in which a dose of glucose is administered and blood samples are taken afterward at regular intervals to determine how quickly glucose is cleared from blood
magnetic resonance imaging
noninvasive imaging technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field, rather than an xray beam to produce multiplanar cross sectional images
central nervous system
consists of brain and spinal cord
epilepsies
chronic or recurring seizure disorders
herpes zoster
acute inflammatory eruption of highly painful vesicles on the trunk of the body or, occasionaly, the face also call shingles
radiculopathy
also call radiculitis, an infammation of the nerve root associated with the spinal column
dyslexia
inablility to learn and process written language, despite adequate intelligence, sensory ability and exposure
myelomeningocele
most severe form of spina bifida in which the spinal cord and meninges protrude through the spine
trephination
technique that cuts a circular opening into the skull to reveal brain tissue and decrease intracranial pressure
cyrosurgery
process of freezing tissue to destroy cells; also called cryocautery
thatlamotomy
partial destruction of the thalamus to treat intractable pain; involuntary movements, including tremors in Parkinson disease; or emotional disturbances
decompression
surgery to remove cause of pressure
lumbar puncture
needle puncture of the spinal cavity to extract spinal fluid for diagnostic purposes, introduce anesthetic agents into the spinal canal, or remove fluid to allow other fluids to be injected; also called spinal puncture or spinal tap
antidepressants
treat multiple symptoms of depression by increasing levels of specific neurotransmitters
refraction
ability to bend light rays as they pass from one medium to another
ossicles
the three smallest bones in the human body; the malleus, the incus and the stapes
canal of schlemm
circular canal lying the substance of the sclerocorneal junction of the eye and draining the aqueous humor from the anterior chamber into the veins draining the eyeball
vertigo
sensation of spinning motions either of oneself or of the surroundings
presbyopia
form of farsightedness; loss of accommadation of the crystalline lens associated with the aging process
tinnitus
perception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ears or head when no external sound is present
merniere disease
disorder of the labyrinth taht leads to progressive loss of hearing
otitis externa
infection of the external auditory cananl; aka swimmers ear
epiphora
abnormal overflow of tears
evisceration
removal of the contents of the eye while leaving the sclera and cornea intact
dacryocystography
radiographic imaging procedure of the nasolacrimal glands and ducts