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chronic inflammation of bones, resulting in thickening and softening of bones (AKA osteitis deformans)
Branch of medicine concerned with prevention, diagnoses, care and treatment of muscoskeletal disorders
common metabolic bone disorder in the elderly, particularly postmenopausal women and esp women over 60
polycystic kidney disease
inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidney
visual examinations of hte abdominal cavity with a laparoschope through one of more small incisions in the abdominal wall, usually at the imbilicus
spontaneous twisting of a testicle within the scrotum, leadin to ta decrease in blood flow to the affected testicle
multisystem autoimmune disorder charecterized by pronounced hyper-thryoidism usually associated with enlarged thyroid gland and exophthalmos
chronic metabolic disorder of impaired carbohydrate, protein, fat metabolism due to insufficient production of insulin or the bodys inability to use insulin properly
rare hormonal disorder in adulthood, usually caused by GH-secreting pituitary tumor that promotes the soft tissue and bones of the face, hands and feet to grow larger than normal
uncommon chronic disorder caused by a deficiency of cortical hormones, results when adrenal cortex is damaged or atrophied
glucose tolerance test
screening test in which a dose of glucose is administered and blood samples are taken afterward at regular intervals to determine how quickly glucose is cleared from blood
magnetic resonance imaging
noninvasive imaging technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field, rather than an xray beam to produce multiplanar cross sectional images
acute inflammatory eruption of highly painful vesicles on the trunk of the body or, occasionaly, the face also call shingles
also call radiculitis, an infammation of the nerve root associated with the spinal column
inablility to learn and process written language, despite adequate intelligence, sensory ability and exposure
most severe form of spina bifida in which the spinal cord and meninges protrude through the spine
technique that cuts a circular opening into the skull to reveal brain tissue and decrease intracranial pressure
partial destruction of the thalamus to treat intractable pain; involuntary movements, including tremors in Parkinson disease; or emotional disturbances
needle puncture of the spinal cavity to extract spinal fluid for diagnostic purposes, introduce anesthetic agents into the spinal canal, or remove fluid to allow other fluids to be injected; also called spinal puncture or spinal tap
treat multiple symptoms of depression by increasing levels of specific neurotransmitters
canal of schlemm
circular canal lying the substance of the sclerocorneal junction of the eye and draining the aqueous humor from the anterior chamber into the veins draining the eyeball
form of farsightedness; loss of accommadation of the crystalline lens associated with the aging process
perception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ears or head when no external sound is present
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