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Politics of the United States
5.3 & 5.4 reading checks
Terms in this set (34)
the supreme court has ruled that executive privilege
may be claimed in matters involving national security
"Many laws that Congress enacts are written in fairly broad terms. Congress sets out the basic policies and standards to be followed. The specific details—much of the fine print necessary to the actual, day-to-day administration of the law—are usually left to be worked out by the executive branch."
the power to execute the law
sequence of steps in the confirmation process
1. president nominates,
2. senate committee examines,
3. senate debates,
4. floor vote is taken
with the exception of federal judges, what is true about the Presidents removal power?
the president mat remove whomever he appoints
which federal workers does the president appoint
top ranking officers like ambassadors, cabinet members, and federal judges
the power to issue executive orders is called
the ordinance power
the constitution requires the president to execute
all federal laws
"In 1952, at the height of the Korean War, a labor dispute threatened to shut down the nation's steel industry and imperil the war effort. To avert a strike, President Harry Truman, acting as commander in chief, ordered the Secretary of Commerce to seize and operate several steel mills. But the Supreme Court found that here the President had overstepped his constitutional authority. It held that only Congress, acting under its commerce power, could authorize the seizure of private property in time of war, and it had not done so."
the judicial branch limiting the executive branch
In the 1960s, President John F. Kennedy directed his military adviser, General Maxwell Taylor, to refuse to testify before a congressional committee examining the Bay of Pigs affair. This is an example of the use of which presidential power?
the presidents power to execute the law comes from
the oath of the constitution and the "take care" provision of the constitution
what is NOT why presidential power has grown
the constitution has been amended to grant the president more power
an "imperial" president is one who
sees no need to consult Congress before acting
the unwritten rule of senatorial courtesy places limits on which presidential power?
the appointment power?
the president does not act on a bill within 10 days of receiving it. If congress has not adjourned, what happens to the bill?
it becomes a law
who may overturn a presidential pardon?
where does the president get the power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States?
if a president receives a bill that has some provisions he or she supports and some provisions he or she opposes, the president can
sign the bill and issue a signing statement addressing the parts of the bill he or she opposes
what is false about the Presidents judicial powers
the presidents power of clemency may be used in cases involving both State and federal offenses
what is an argument for the line-item veto
it would reduce wasteful and unnecessary spending
in order for the president to have the power of a line-item veto, what must happen
the constitution must be amended
what message of the president is prescribed by the constitution
the state of the union message
which of the following powers allows the president to check actions of the judicial branch
the clemency powers
what action can congress take to check the power of a presidential veto of a bill
override the veto
the presidents power to grant pardons may be used
only in cases of federal offenses
the presidential veto is a powerful tool because
a two-thirds vote in both houses is needed to override it
predict which of the following a president might consider before negotiating a treaty with the leader of another country
will at least 67 senators support the treaty?
what does it mean when the president greets a foreign leader
the united states accepts the legal existence of another country
when a new president takes office, which of the following may he or she refuse to honor
an executive agreement made by the previous administration
In January 2013, the United States officially recognized the government of Somalia for the first time since 1991. Which of the following is one reason for this action?
to reward Somalia's progress and help it to continue on the path to democracy
what does it mean when the president asks a foreign nation to remove its ambassador from the united states
the united states does not like the conduct of the other nation
In 1973, Congress overrode President Nixon's veto of the War Powers Resolution. What conclusion can be drawn based on this fact?
support for the resolution was overwhelming in both houses of congress
the war powers resolution authorizes the president to commit military forces to combat in all of the following circumstances except
when the nations interests are threatened
Although Congress has not declared war since World War II, the United States has used military force on many occasions since then. What is one explanation for this fact?
congress has enacted joint resolutions to authorize the president to sue military force
1) the senate votes on a treaty
2) the president negotiates a treaty
Which of these is the cause and which is the effect?
2 is cause and 1 is the effect
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
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