63 terms

World History chapter 7-RHCS

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Jerome
Wrote the Vulgate
Vulgate
Most widely used Bible of the middle ages
Leo I
Under this Bishop of Rome, the prestige of the office was further enhanced.
Pope
The head of the Roman Catholic Church. Means "Father Protector"
Petrine Theory
Called that Christ may peter the first Pope and gave him supreme authority over the church on earth
Sacrement
A religious act that automatically grants grace
Clergy
Enlisted men of the Roman Catholic Church
Laity
Non enlisted men of the Roman Catholic Church
Secular
Branch of clergy that supervise the laity and the business of the church
regular
Branch of clergy that renounced the world and lived in monastic communties
Benedict Rule
Strictly
St. Patrick
Brought Christianity to Ireland
St. Boniface
Apostle of Germany
Gregory I
Best representation of the early medieval popes greatly expanded the power in authority of the pope
Purgatory
A place of temporary punishment
Mass
Catholic service
Transubstantiation
Priests transform the bread and wine into the body of Christ
Frankish tribe
People group who inhabited northern Gaul
Clovis
United the Frankish under one kingdom
Merovingian House
The royal line of family from Clovis. "Do nothing kings"
Mayor of the palace
Held power behind the throne
Pepin II
He defeated all the rival mayors and reunited almost all of the Frankish territories under one rule.
Charles Martel
Best known mayor of the palace
Battle of Tours
Charles Martel and the European armies defeat Muslim armies and stop the spread of Islam in Europe
Pepin the Short
Mayor who appealed to the pope and was crowned king
Donation of Pepin
Pepin the short defeated the Lombards from invading Italy
Lombards
Germanic people who through conquest moved into northern Italy
Charlemagne
Frankish king given the title of emperor by the pope
Missi Dominici
Royal officials under Charlemagne who traveled around the country to enforce the king's laws
Christmas Day
Day Charlemagne was crowned
AD 800
Year Charlemagne was crowned emperor
Aarchen
Leading center of learning in all the realm
Alcuin
Most distinguished scholar and took charge of the palace and taught the king's children
Carolingian minuscule
New style of handwriting during the Frankish empire
Treaty of Verdun
agreement which divided Charlemagne's empire into three parts
Charles the Bald
Son of Charlemagne who received west frank land
Louis the German
received East Frankland
Lothair
gained the central part of the Frankish Kingdom
Magyars (Hungarians)
Invaded Charlemagne's kingdom from the east
Vikings
Invaders of Europe that came from the north
Feudalism
An economic system in which land was the basis of wealth of power
Lord
Held the governing power and the land
Fiefs
pieces of land given to vassals by their lord
Vassal
a holder of land by feudal tenure on conditions of homage and allegiance.
Subfeudalism
Each vassal then partitions their fief
Homage
The ceremony by which a man became a vassal and thus eligible for a fief.
Investiture
A symbolic act where the lord gave to the vassal the right of use of a fief
Aids
The supply of a financial payment
castle (n)
Center of life for the nobility in feudalism
Knight
A man who received honor and land in exchange for serving a lord as a soldier.
Page
a boy servant or attendant, the first step in becoming a knight
Squire
A mid teenager in training for knighthood
Peace of God
church decree placed church property out of bounds for fighting.
Truce of God
Church sought to limit fighting to specified week days
Tournament
In feudalism, mock wars used for entertainment. Would include jousts and melees.
Manor
The home for the best majority of people living in western Europe during the middle ages
Village
Center of the manner
Demesne
Lands set aside for the lord of a manor
Two field system
Villagers a plant crops and only half of the cultivated land leaving the other half to lie fallow for a year to recover its fertility
Three field system
Established a pattern of rotating planting on three fields
Freemen
Those who are more privilege peasants
Serfs
Majority of those living on a manor
Week work
Devoted to her three days a week to working for the Lord