Weather Elements and Climate

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Terms in this set (...)

Weather
condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
Climate
describes the weather conditions in an area over a long period of time
temperature and precipitation
What are the 2 main factors that determine climate?
equator
Which latitude gets the most energy from the sun?
Range
Which is a better indicator of climate? Temperature range or Temperature average
show what organisms can live in extremes
Why is range more accurate?
Pattern
What determines organisms that can live in an area? Average or pattern of precipitation?
latitude
the angular distance in degrees north and south from the equator
It gets more focused, direct light
Why does the equator have higher temperatures than other latitudes?
the sun
What powers the water cycle?
the sun
What powers the wind?
rises, cools, precipitation
Hot air ______ and then _______, condenses and falls as ______________.
topography
features of the earth's surface that influence wind patterns and transfer of energy
elevation
the height of an area above sea level
climate
Topography and elevation affect __________
up, rises, cools
When moist air hits a mountain it is forced ____, warm air _________ and ________ as precipitation
rain shadow
The other side of the mountain with low moisture in the air is in the __________ _________.
decreases, gets colder/ warm air rises then cools
As you move into higher elevation, what happens to temperature?
water moderates temperature, temperature range is smaller near water
How do large bodies of water affect climate?
surface currents carry warm or cool water that warm or cool the air
How do ocean currents affect climate?
temperate, polar, tropical
What are the 3 major climate zones?
temperate
Which has lower temperatures - temperate or tropical?
polar
Which has the coldest temperatures - temperate, tropical, polar?
tropical
Highest temperature at equator is what zone?
latitude and elevation
Describe 2 factors that would affect the temperature at the top of a mountain?
equator hotter, gets colder toward poles
Effect of latitude on climate:
temperatures decrease as you go higher
Effect of elevation on climate:
carries warm or cool air and moisture
Effect of wind on climate?
moderates weather so that highs and lows are less extreme
Effect of being close to water on climate?
surface currents carry warm or cool water which will warm or cool the air
Effect of surface ocean currents on climate?
impacts wind patterns and the transfer of energy in an area
Effect of topography on climate
LONG
Climate is the characteristic weather conditions in a place over a SHORT OR LONG period of time.
INCREASES
Temperature decrease as elevation INCREASES/DECREASES.
TROPICAL
The three main types of climate zones are polar, temperate and EQUATORIAL/TROPICAL
PRECIPITATION
Winds can affect the amount of PRECIPITATION IN/ ELEVATION OF and area.
WARM AIR
Large bodies of water affect the climate of nearby land when cool waters absorb energy as heat from the WARM AIR/COLD LAND.
weather
the short term atmospheric conditions of a certain place and time
climate
the atmospheric conditions of an area over a long period ( 30 years +)
temperature
- amount the particles of an object viberate
air pressure
- force of air pushing down towards
Earth's surface
wind
- moving air particles
precipitation
- water falling in the atmosphere including rain, snow, sleet, hail etc.
wind direction
the direction from which the wind is blowing
humidity
- the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere.
Convection Current
Warm things rise, cool things sink
Radiation
energy from the sun (light)
Conduction
energy transfer through touch.
evaporation
liquid water turning into a gas
run off
water moving on Earth's surface
Causes of wind
uneven heating of the Earth and change in air pressure.
relative humidity
the amount of water vapor in the air compared with the temperature--%
dew point
100% humidity, air can hold no more moisture
cold temperature
the average amount of particle vibration is SLOW
warm temperature
the average amount of particle vibration is FAST