Language of Medicine Chapter 21
Terms in this set (102)
Drug that lowers blood pressure (antihypertensive).
Physical and psychologic dependence on and craving for a drug.
Combination of two similar drugs is equal to the sum of the effects of each.
Particles of drug suspended in air.
Central nervous system stimulant.
Drug that relieves pain.
Exaggerated or unusual hypersensitivity to foreign protein or other substance.
Male hormone responsible for developing and maintaining male secondary sex characteristics.
Absence of nervous feeling or sensation.
Drug that reduces or eliminates nervous sensation.
angiotensin II receptor antagonist
Drug that lowers blood pressure by preventing angiotensin from acting on receptors in blood vessels.
Drug that works against acid in the stomach.
Combination of two drugs gives less than the sum of the effects of each together.
Drug that slows the uptake of androgens or interferes with their effect in tissues.
Drug that treats abnormal heart rhythms.
Chemical substance that has the ability to inhibit or destroy foreign organisms in the body.
Substance that prevents blood clotting.
Drug that prevents convulsions and seizures.
Drug that relieves symptoms of depression.
Drug given to prevent or treat diabetes mellitus.
Drug that prevents diarrhea.
Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug.
Drug that prevents nausea and vomiting.
Drug that blocks the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy.
Drug that relieves nausea and vomiting; antiemetic.
Drug that reduces the tendency of platelets to stick together and form a clot.
Drug that acts against itching (pruritus).
Drug that lowers fever.
Drug that inhibits the secretion of acid by cells lining the stomach.
Drug that acts against viruses such as the herpes virus and HIV.
Drug that reduces estrogen in the blood by blocking the enzyme aromatase.
Pertaining to killing bacteria.
Pertaining to inhibiting bacterial growth.
Drug used to treat high blood pressure and control heart rate.
Drug that prevents bone loss in osteoporosis and osteopenia.
Commercial name for a drug; trade or trademark name.
Agent that dilates (widens) blood vessels and relieves bronchospasm.
Central nervous system stimulant.
calcium channel blocker
Drug used to treat chest pain (angina) and high blood pressure (hypertension).
Increases the force of contraction of the heart.
Drugs that treat the heart and blood vessels. Cardiovascular drugs act on the heart and blood vessels; ACE inhibitors, diuretics, beta-blockers, and statins.
Drug that relieves constipation.
Chemical formula for a drug.
Treatment using drugs.
Binds to dietary cholesterol and prevents its uptake from the gastrointestinal tract.
cholesterol lowering drug
Lowers cholesterol by preventing its production by the liver; statin.
Factors in a patient's condition that prevent the use of a particular drug or treatment.
Drugs that produce tolerance and dependence and have potential for abuse or addiction.
Prolonged use of a drug that may lead to physiologic need for its actions in the body.
Drug that promotes or increases the production of urine (diuresis).
Amount of drug administered, usually measured in milligrams.
Drug that promotes vomiting.
Hormone or hormone-like drug; androgens, estrogens, and glucocorticoids.
Antibiotic that is extracted from a red (erythr/o) mold (-mycin).
Female hormone that promotes secondary sex characteristics and supports reproductive tissues.
Drug that treats conditions of the stomach and intestinal tract.
Legal, noncommercial name for a drug.
Hormone from the adrenal cortex that raises blood sugar and reduces tissue inflammation.
Drug that promotes sleep or a trance-like state (hypnosis).
Pertaining to under the skin.
Pertaining to produced by a treatment or a procedure.
Unexpected effect produced in a particularly sensitive individual, but not seen in most patients.
Unexpected effect produced in a particularly sensitive patient but not seen in most people.
Administration of drugs in gaseous or vapor form through the nose or mouth.
Pertaining to within the membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Weak cathartic; promotes movement of feces through the colon.
Study of new drug synthesis and the relationship between the chemical structure of a drug and its biologic effect.
Study of the interaction of drugs and their target molecules, enzymes, or cell surface receptors.
Habit-forming drug that relieves pain by producing stupor and insensibility; morphine and opium.
Drugs that are given by mouth.
Drugs or nourishment are given intravenously (within a vein), or by any other route besides the intestinal tract.
Specialist in preparing and dispensing drugs.
Study of the effects and strength of a drug within the body.
Calculation of drug concentration in tissues and body fluids over a period of time.
Specialist in the study of the properties, uses, and actions of drugs.
Study of the properties, uses, and actions of drugs.
Location for preparing and dispensing drugs; study of preparing and dispensing drugs.
Hormone that stimulates the uterine lining during pregnancy and is used in treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding and hormone replacement therapy.
Drug that relieves constipation and is a strong cathartic.
Target substance with which a drug interacts in the body.
Drugs are inserted through the anus into the rectum.
Lack of beneficial drug response.
Treats asthma, emphysema, and infections that affect breathing; bronchodilators are respiratory drugs.
A desired and beneficial effect of a drug.
The exact timing and frequency of drug administration.
Mild sleep-inducing agent that relaxes a patient without necessarily producing sleep.
Adverse effect that routinely results from the use of a drug.
Drug that excites and promotes activity.
Pertaining to under the skin.
Pertaining to under the tongue.
Drug action in which the combination of two drugs causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug.
Pertaining to synergism.
Instrument for introducing or withdrawing fluids from the body.
Secretion from the thyroid gland that stimulates cellular metabolism.
Drug action in which larger and larger doses must be given to achieve a desired effect.
Drugs are applied locally on the skin or mucous membranes of the body; ointments, lotions, and creams are examples.
Harmful effect of a drug.
Branch of pharmacology that studies harmful chemicals and their effects on the body.
Drug that controls anxiety and severe disturbances of behavior.
Movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells.
Drug that widens blood vessels.
Substance found in foods and essential in small quantities for growth and good health.