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Junior (mostly) 4H questions

If a rabbit has a dewlap, where is it?

Under it's chin.

Do Bucks or Does get dewlaps?


Where is the saddle on a rabbit?

Middle of the back.

Where is the loin on a rabbit?

Top of lower back near the rabbit's rump

Where is the hock on a rabbit?

Bottom of Rear feet.

Where is the flank on a rabbit?

Side of Rabbit near the middle

What is a stifle?

The knee, the second joint of the hind leg which connects the thigh to the leg

What does gestation mean?

A pregnancy - the time periodthat a pregnant doe carries her young

What is the normal gestation period for a rabbit?

Usually 28-34 days

What is the word for a rabbit giving birth?


What is the word for a minor (small) imperfection, such as hutch stains?


What is the word for a major imperfection, such as wrong eye color, or missing toes?

Disqualification. (DQ)

What is snuffles?

An upper respiratory disease, like a bad cold. It's a bacterial infection that
causes sneezing and mucus discharge from the nose of a rabbit

What are buck (wolf) teeth, and is it a DQ or a fault?

An Improper alignment of the upper or lower teeth, a disqualification

What are newborn rabbits called?


How do you prevent sore hocks?

Keep hutch clean and providea board for rabbit to get off the wire

Name a breed whose fur/wool is used to make yarn?


What is it called when a rabbit sheds it's fur?


What is a pedigree?

A written family history, a record of the rabbit's parents, grandparents and great grandparents. It also shows the date of birth, color and senior weight

What does A.R.B.A. stand for?

American Rabbit Breeders Association

Name two of the eight smallest breeds of rabbit?

Britannia Petite - not over 2 lb, Netherlanddwarf- 2 1b,DwarfHotot- 2 lb, Polish - 2 1b, Holland Lop - 4 1b,American Fuzzy Lop - 4 1b,Jersey Woolley-3 lb, Himalayan - 4 lb

If you are a Junior in 4H what grades could you be in?

3rd, 4th, or 5th

What causes buck teeth and what can be done to correct them?

It is genetic and nothing can be done. The rabbit should not be bred.

How can you cool a rabbit in hot weather?

Shade the hutch, use a fan, add frozen water bottles to hutch, put wet socks on
ears, rub ears with ice or a wet rag <anyone reason will do>

If you have three rabbits, and one is sick, what should you do first?

Isolate the sick one

Name two types of fur

Normal, Satin, wool and rex

What are the long hairs of a rabbit's coat called?

Guard Hairs

What is the term for an abnormally bent or twisted tail?

Wry tail or Screw tail

What does variety mean?

A division within a breed of rabbits determined by color

What does a rabbit use it's tail and hind feet for?

Communications, signal danger

If a toenail is bleeding how can you stop it?

Dip it in flour, cornstarch, quick stop, or styptic powder

What is the word for eliminating (taking out) a member of your herd?


What is the purpose of a tattoo?


Can you bathe a rabbit?


Which ear is a rabbit's tattoo placed in?

Left ear

Normally, how many times in a year can a rabbit molt?

As many as three times

Where is the registration identification placed on a rabbit?

Right ear

When a rabbit is registered what does it prove?

That a rabbit has a complete pedigree showing a minimum of three generations and meets the minimum ARBA standards for that particular breed

How much should you feed a rabbit each day?

One ounce of pellets per pound of rabbit

How many degrees of vision does a rabbit have?

360 degrees

How many eyelids does a rabbit have?

Three-upper, lower and inner.

What is the purpose of the third eyelid?

To protect the cornea during a dust storm and still be able to see

What organs of the rabbit are in the chest cavity, well protected by the ribs?

The heart and lungs

What is the total number of toes a rabbit has?

Eighteen-five on each front foot and four on the rears.

How many teeth does a rabbit have?

28 <4 incisors -2 on top and 2 on the bottom. Right behind the top incisors are 2 small peg like teeth called auxiliary incisors or "peg teeth". Plus rabbits have cheek teeth that they use to grind their food. 6 upper premolars, 4 lower premolars, 6 upper and 6 lower molars.>

Name three general disqualifications

Wrong eye color, crooked legs, blindness, wall eye, lop ears (in a non-lop ear breed), torn ears, buck teeth, wry tail, missing toes

How many ribs does a rabbit have?


When can you breed a doe?

When it has reached maturity - normally around five to six months of age depending on the breed

Can a doe be bred year round?


When should a nest box be placed with a doe?

21-27 days

How long should the kits be left with the doe?

5-8 weeks, depending on the breed and the young

Can you foster the kits of one doe to another?


When breeding rabbits, the doe is always taken to the buck, true or false? Explain why

True, does are very territorial and she may harm the buck if he's taken to her

What term is used when describing thickness of a rabbit's coat?


Explain texture of a rabbit's coat

The texture is the feel and quality of the fur when stroked towards the head

How many lop breeds are there? Name them

5--English Lop, French Lop, Mini Lop, Holland Lop, and the American Fuzzy Lop

How does a rabbit regulate it's temperature?

Through it's ears

How many breeds of rabbit have wool? name them

Six breeds - English Angora, French Angora, Giant Angora, Satin Angora, Jersey Woolly and the American Fuzzy Lop

What are 'bell ears'?

Ears that have large, heavy tops that fold over

What is a rabbitry?

Living quarters for raising domestic rabbits

Name four of the six breeds of rabbit that have a color in their name

Cinnamon, Lilac, Palomino, Sable, Silver, and Tan

What is the 4h Sportsmanship motto?

Keep your head when you win and your heart when you lose

Why are wire cages better than all wood?

Less bacteria and easier to clean

True or false, a clean nest box is extremely important?

True, to prevent snuffles and conjunctivitis

Why is good sanitation important in your rabbitry?

to prevent diseases

Which is more dangerous to your rabbit, hot or cold weather?


The word 'normal' describes what on a rabbit?

A type of fur

What breed of rabbit was developed in Washington State?

The Palomino

True or false, a nest box should be placed with a doe as soon as she is bred?


At a fair, what is the difference between 4h class and open class?

Only 4H members can enter a 4H class, open class means anyone.

True or false, you should always supply a salt spool for your rabbit?


True or false, kits double their birth weight in six days?


What does B.O.G. stand for?

Best Of Group

What does B.I.S. stand for?

Best In Show

What does B.O.B. stand for?

Best Of Breed

What does B.O.S. Stand for?

Best Opposite Sex

What does B.O.S.G. stand for?

Best Opposite Sex of Group

What does B.O.V. stand for?

Best Of Variety

What does B.O.S.V.?

Best Opposite Sex Variety

Is rabbit meat, white, dark or both?

White meat

What does REW stand for?

Ruby Eyed White

Can people get ringworm from rabbits?


When showing lop breeds, what are the two show groups called in a type

Broken and solid

Name one breed of rabbit on which you will find upright fur? (when fur is stroked from tail to shoulder)

Rex, Mini Rex, Silver Fox

What is an abscess?

A hard swelling or isolated collection of pus occurring on the rabbit's body

Which is more important for your rabbit, plenty of food or water?


What breed of rabbit originated in China?


What is the age of a junior rabbit?

Under six months old

What is Mastitis?

Infectious,inflammation of the mammary glands

In freezing weather, should rabbits be given warm or cold water?

Warm water

How often is the Standard of Perfection revised?

Every five years

Name one breed of rabbit on which you will find satin fur?

Satin or Satin Angora

True or false, Rabbits can withstand cold weather so long as they have shelter from wind and rain?


In what country did the American Fuzzy Lop originate?

United States of America

To rabbit breeders, what is a butterfly?

A nose marking on some breeds and broken varieties of rabbits

What is luster?

The brightness or brilliance of the fur

What is the best prevention and control of parasites?

(1. Sanitation
(2. Quality housing
(3. Adequate
(4. An understanding of parasites

True or false, a rabbit should never be picked up by it's ears?


Name three eliminations (DQ)

Ear mites, sore hocks, over weight, under weight, cold, sore eyes, vent disease, mange, does that are heavy with young

In what country did the Dutch rabbit originate?


What is the novice in the 4H project?

Someone in their first year of 4H

What type of fur has a sheen to it?


What type of fur does the English Angora have?


Are rabbits or Hares born with their eyes open?


A rabbit's teeth grow continuously, how does a normal rabbit file them down?

By chewing

Describe flyback

A coat of fur which flies back to its smooth normal position when stroked from the hindquarters to the shoulders

Describe rollback

A gradual return of the fur to its normal position when stroked from the hindquarters to the shoulders. A slightly slower return than a flyback

True or false, English lops have shorter ears than French lops?


What word is used to describe a group of rabbits?

A Herd

How often does a doe normally nurse her kits?

Once or twice a day, sometimes more depending on how much milk she has

What percentage of rabbit is usable?

about 93%

What causes wry neck?

An infection in the middle or inner ear

What is the name of the book which the ARBA publishes which describes
all the breeds or rabbits?

The Standard of Perfection

Name three Dutch markings

Cheeks, Blaze, Neck, Hairline, Saddle, Undercut and Stops

What is the rear part of the rabbit called?


What breed has transparent guard hairs?


How old are kits when they open their eyes?

7-10 days

Name two pointed breeds

Californian and Himalayan- all others are only varieties

During colder months how should you adjust your rabbit's food?

By increasing it

What do you check when checking the toenails?

Mismatched toenails, wrong colored toenails, broken or missing toenails

What is the difference between satin and normal fur?

Satin fur has a smaller transparent hair shaft creating a sheen on the coat

Name three important considerations when buying or building a nest box?

Sanitation, Size, Protection from weather, Keep babies from falling out

What is a mutation?

Changes that take place in a gene that causes it to express itself in a different way from the original gene. Most mutations are recessive to the original and many are lethal. An example of a mutation is the Rex and Satin fur.

What is the undercoat?

the finer fur next to the skin

What are the five rabbit body types?

Semi-Arched, FullArch, Compact, Commercial, and Cylindrical

Where are the rabbit's sweat glands located?

underside of the front paws

True or false, the quality of the fur is determined by touch?


Name the condition characterized by scabby, open sores on the bottom of
a rabbit's hocks or paws.

Sore hocks

True or False; Dirty, broken, or rusty cage floor can cause sore hocks?


What are the discoloration or stains on the rabbit's coat that are caused by
urine, manure, or rust called?

Hutch stains

What is a purebred rabbit?

One produced by successive mating of the same breed of rabbit

What is a crossbred rabbit?

One produced by the mating of different breeds of rabbit

True or false, rabbits are rodents?

False, rabbits are lagomorphs

What is a dewclaw?

The extra toe, or functionless digit on the inside of the front paw

What is a pelt?

The hide after it's been removed from the animal

True or false, all disqualifications are permanent and are not fixable?

False, underweight and overweight can be fixed

True or false, you must be a 4H member to show in open class?


How do you treat sore hocks?

Clean cage, feel along bottom and repair any damaged or rough sections, give a clean board for rabbit to sit on, remove hair from sores, rinse with hydrogen peroxide and then apply Preparation H

What is a broken coat?

Guard hair is broken or missing in spots exposing the undercoat - showing the effects of molt

In larger breeds what is the age of an intermediate rabbit?

Six to eight months of age

In smaller breeds what is the age of a senior rabbit?

Over six months of age

In breeds with senior weights over 9 Ibs, what is the age of a Senior rabbit?

over eight months of age

What is the difference between a disqualification and elimination?

In most cases an elimination (fault) can be fixed, whereas a Disqualification (usually) cannot.

The overall physical state of a rabbit in relation to its health, cleanliness,
fur, and grooming is called what?


Separating the doe and the young so that the young can no longer nurse
is called what?


What is the 4H motto?

To make the best better

In a type show, what do you call entries of two or more rabbits of the same
breed, variety, age and sex?


What three parts of a rabbit make -up the hindquarter?

hips, loins, and rump

Using a doe to nurse young other than her own is called what?


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