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150 terms

Junior 4H Rabbit showmanship questions

Junior (mostly) 4H questions
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If a rabbit has a dewlap, where is it?
Under it's chin.
Do Bucks or Does get dewlaps?
Does
Where is the saddle on a rabbit?
Middle of the back.
Where is the loin on a rabbit?
Top of lower back near the rabbit's rump
Where is the hock on a rabbit?
Bottom of Rear feet.
Where is the flank on a rabbit?
Side of Rabbit near the middle
What is a stifle?
The knee, the second joint of the hind leg which connects the thigh to the leg
What does gestation mean?
A pregnancy - the time periodthat a pregnant doe carries her young
What is the normal gestation period for a rabbit?
Usually 28-34 days
What is the word for a rabbit giving birth?
Kindling
What is the word for a minor (small) imperfection, such as hutch stains?
Fault
What is the word for a major imperfection, such as wrong eye color, or missing toes?
Disqualification. (DQ)
What is snuffles?
An upper respiratory disease, like a bad cold. It's a bacterial infection that
causes sneezing and mucus discharge from the nose of a rabbit
What are buck (wolf) teeth, and is it a DQ or a fault?
An Improper alignment of the upper or lower teeth, a disqualification
What are newborn rabbits called?
Kits
How do you prevent sore hocks?
Keep hutch clean and providea board for rabbit to get off the wire
Name a breed whose fur/wool is used to make yarn?
Angora
What is it called when a rabbit sheds it's fur?
Molting
What is a pedigree?
A written family history, a record of the rabbit's parents, grandparents and great grandparents. It also shows the date of birth, color and senior weight
What does A.R.B.A. stand for?
American Rabbit Breeders Association
Name two of the eight smallest breeds of rabbit?
Britannia Petite - not over 2 lb, Netherlanddwarf- 2 1b,DwarfHotot- 2 lb, Polish - 2 1b, Holland Lop - 4 1b,American Fuzzy Lop - 4 1b,Jersey Woolley-3 lb, Himalayan - 4 lb
If you are a Junior in 4H what grades could you be in?
3rd, 4th, or 5th
What causes buck teeth and what can be done to correct them?
It is genetic and nothing can be done. The rabbit should not be bred.
How can you cool a rabbit in hot weather?
Shade the hutch, use a fan, add frozen water bottles to hutch, put wet socks on
ears, rub ears with ice or a wet rag <anyone reason will do>
If you have three rabbits, and one is sick, what should you do first?
Isolate the sick one
Name two types of fur
Normal, Satin, wool and rex
What are the long hairs of a rabbit's coat called?
Guard Hairs
What is the term for an abnormally bent or twisted tail?
Wry tail or Screw tail
What does variety mean?
A division within a breed of rabbits determined by color
What does a rabbit use it's tail and hind feet for?
Communications, signal danger
If a toenail is bleeding how can you stop it?
Dip it in flour, cornstarch, quick stop, or styptic powder
What is the word for eliminating (taking out) a member of your herd?
Cull
What is the purpose of a tattoo?
Identification
Can you bathe a rabbit?
Yes
Which ear is a rabbit's tattoo placed in?
Left ear
Normally, how many times in a year can a rabbit molt?
As many as three times
Where is the registration identification placed on a rabbit?
Right ear
When a rabbit is registered what does it prove?
That a rabbit has a complete pedigree showing a minimum of three generations and meets the minimum ARBA standards for that particular breed
How much should you feed a rabbit each day?
One ounce of pellets per pound of rabbit
How many degrees of vision does a rabbit have?
360 degrees
How many eyelids does a rabbit have?
Three-upper, lower and inner.
What is the purpose of the third eyelid?
To protect the cornea during a dust storm and still be able to see
What organs of the rabbit are in the chest cavity, well protected by the ribs?
The heart and lungs
What is the total number of toes a rabbit has?
Eighteen-five on each front foot and four on the rears.
How many teeth does a rabbit have?
28 <4 incisors -2 on top and 2 on the bottom. Right behind the top incisors are 2 small peg like teeth called auxiliary incisors or "peg teeth". Plus rabbits have cheek teeth that they use to grind their food. 6 upper premolars, 4 lower premolars, 6 upper and 6 lower molars.>
Name three general disqualifications
Wrong eye color, crooked legs, blindness, wall eye, lop ears (in a non-lop ear breed), torn ears, buck teeth, wry tail, missing toes
How many ribs does a rabbit have?
24
When can you breed a doe?
When it has reached maturity - normally around five to six months of age depending on the breed
Can a doe be bred year round?
Yes
When should a nest box be placed with a doe?
21-27 days
How long should the kits be left with the doe?
5-8 weeks, depending on the breed and the young
Can you foster the kits of one doe to another?
Yes
When breeding rabbits, the doe is always taken to the buck, true or false? Explain why
True, does are very territorial and she may harm the buck if he's taken to her
What term is used when describing thickness of a rabbit's coat?
Density
Explain texture of a rabbit's coat
The texture is the feel and quality of the fur when stroked towards the head
How many lop breeds are there? Name them
5--English Lop, French Lop, Mini Lop, Holland Lop, and the American Fuzzy Lop
How does a rabbit regulate it's temperature?
Through it's ears
How many breeds of rabbit have wool? name them
Six breeds - English Angora, French Angora, Giant Angora, Satin Angora, Jersey Woolly and the American Fuzzy Lop
What are 'bell ears'?
Ears that have large, heavy tops that fold over
What is a rabbitry?
Living quarters for raising domestic rabbits
Name four of the six breeds of rabbit that have a color in their name
Cinnamon, Lilac, Palomino, Sable, Silver, and Tan
What is the 4h Sportsmanship motto?
Keep your head when you win and your heart when you lose
Why are wire cages better than all wood?
Less bacteria and easier to clean
True or false, a clean nest box is extremely important?
True, to prevent snuffles and conjunctivitis
Why is good sanitation important in your rabbitry?
to prevent diseases
Which is more dangerous to your rabbit, hot or cold weather?
Hot
The word 'normal' describes what on a rabbit?
A type of fur
What breed of rabbit was developed in Washington State?
The Palomino
True or false, a nest box should be placed with a doe as soon as she is bred?
False
At a fair, what is the difference between 4h class and open class?
Only 4H members can enter a 4H class, open class means anyone.
True or false, you should always supply a salt spool for your rabbit?
False.
True or false, kits double their birth weight in six days?
True
What does B.O.G. stand for?
Best Of Group
What does B.I.S. stand for?
Best In Show
What does B.O.B. stand for?
Best Of Breed
What does B.O.S. Stand for?
Best Opposite Sex
What does B.O.S.G. stand for?
Best Opposite Sex of Group
What does B.O.V. stand for?
Best Of Variety
What does B.O.S.V.?
Best Opposite Sex Variety
Is rabbit meat, white, dark or both?
White meat
What does REW stand for?
Ruby Eyed White
Can people get ringworm from rabbits?
Yes
When showing lop breeds, what are the two show groups called in a type
show?
Broken and solid
Name one breed of rabbit on which you will find upright fur? (when fur is stroked from tail to shoulder)
Rex, Mini Rex, Silver Fox
What is an abscess?
A hard swelling or isolated collection of pus occurring on the rabbit's body
Which is more important for your rabbit, plenty of food or water?
Water
What breed of rabbit originated in China?
Himalayan
What is the age of a junior rabbit?
Under six months old
What is Mastitis?
Infectious,inflammation of the mammary glands
In freezing weather, should rabbits be given warm or cold water?
Warm water
How often is the Standard of Perfection revised?
Every five years
Name one breed of rabbit on which you will find satin fur?
Satin or Satin Angora
True or false, Rabbits can withstand cold weather so long as they have shelter from wind and rain?
True
In what country did the American Fuzzy Lop originate?
United States of America
To rabbit breeders, what is a butterfly?
A nose marking on some breeds and broken varieties of rabbits
What is luster?
The brightness or brilliance of the fur
What is the best prevention and control of parasites?
(1. Sanitation
(2. Quality housing
(3. Adequate ..health
(4. An understanding of parasites
True or false, a rabbit should never be picked up by it's ears?
True
Name three eliminations (DQ)
Ear mites, sore hocks, over weight, under weight, cold, sore eyes, vent disease, mange, does that are heavy with young
In what country did the Dutch rabbit originate?
Holland
What is the novice in the 4H project?
Someone in their first year of 4H
What type of fur has a sheen to it?
Satin
What type of fur does the English Angora have?
Wool
Are rabbits or Hares born with their eyes open?
Hares
A rabbit's teeth grow continuously, how does a normal rabbit file them down?
By chewing
Describe flyback
A coat of fur which flies back to its smooth normal position when stroked from the hindquarters to the shoulders
Describe rollback
A gradual return of the fur to its normal position when stroked from the hindquarters to the shoulders. A slightly slower return than a flyback
True or false, English lops have shorter ears than French lops?
False
What word is used to describe a group of rabbits?
A Herd
How often does a doe normally nurse her kits?
Once or twice a day, sometimes more depending on how much milk she has
What percentage of rabbit is usable?
about 93%
What causes wry neck?
An infection in the middle or inner ear
What is the name of the book which the ARBA publishes which describes
all the breeds or rabbits?
The Standard of Perfection
Name three Dutch markings
Cheeks, Blaze, Neck, Hairline, Saddle, Undercut and Stops
What is the rear part of the rabbit called?
Hindquarters
What breed has transparent guard hairs?
Satin
How old are kits when they open their eyes?
7-10 days
Name two pointed breeds
Californian and Himalayan- all others are only varieties
During colder months how should you adjust your rabbit's food?
By increasing it
What do you check when checking the toenails?
Mismatched toenails, wrong colored toenails, broken or missing toenails
What is the difference between satin and normal fur?
Satin fur has a smaller transparent hair shaft creating a sheen on the coat
Name three important considerations when buying or building a nest box?
Sanitation, Size, Protection from weather, Keep babies from falling out
What is a mutation?
Changes that take place in a gene that causes it to express itself in a different way from the original gene. Most mutations are recessive to the original and many are lethal. An example of a mutation is the Rex and Satin fur.
What is the undercoat?
the finer fur next to the skin
What are the five rabbit body types?
Semi-Arched, FullArch, Compact, Commercial, and Cylindrical
Where are the rabbit's sweat glands located?
underside of the front paws
True or false, the quality of the fur is determined by touch?
True
Name the condition characterized by scabby, open sores on the bottom of
a rabbit's hocks or paws.
Sore hocks
True or False; Dirty, broken, or rusty cage floor can cause sore hocks?
True
What are the discoloration or stains on the rabbit's coat that are caused by
urine, manure, or rust called?
Hutch stains
What is a purebred rabbit?
One produced by successive mating of the same breed of rabbit
What is a crossbred rabbit?
One produced by the mating of different breeds of rabbit
True or false, rabbits are rodents?
False, rabbits are lagomorphs
What is a dewclaw?
The extra toe, or functionless digit on the inside of the front paw
What is a pelt?
The hide after it's been removed from the animal
True or false, all disqualifications are permanent and are not fixable?
False, underweight and overweight can be fixed
True or false, you must be a 4H member to show in open class?
False
How do you treat sore hocks?
Clean cage, feel along bottom and repair any damaged or rough sections, give a clean board for rabbit to sit on, remove hair from sores, rinse with hydrogen peroxide and then apply Preparation H
What is a broken coat?
Guard hair is broken or missing in spots exposing the undercoat - showing the effects of molt
In larger breeds what is the age of an intermediate rabbit?
Six to eight months of age
In smaller breeds what is the age of a senior rabbit?
Over six months of age
In breeds with senior weights over 9 Ibs, what is the age of a Senior rabbit?
over eight months of age
What is the difference between a disqualification and elimination?
In most cases an elimination (fault) can be fixed, whereas a Disqualification (usually) cannot.
The overall physical state of a rabbit in relation to its health, cleanliness,
fur, and grooming is called what?
condition
Separating the doe and the young so that the young can no longer nurse
is called what?
weaning
What is the 4H motto?
To make the best better
In a type show, what do you call entries of two or more rabbits of the same
breed, variety, age and sex?
class
What three parts of a rabbit make -up the hindquarter?
hips, loins, and rump
Using a doe to nurse young other than her own is called what?
Fostering
List 6 general disqualifications found in all breeds.
1. Abnormal eye discharge, conjunctivitis,
2. Abscesses
3. Blindness
4. Colds
5. Ear canker
6. Entry: wrong sex, breed, group or variety as entered
7. Eyes: unmatched eyes, wall eyes, off colored eyes, spots or specks on eye, marbled eyes
8. Fleas
9. Fungus growth
10. Fur: foreign colored hairs within the coat
11. Lice
12. Mange or scurvy condition-withflakes
13. Mites
14. Pot belly
15. Rupture or hernia
16. Slobbers
17. Sore hocks
18. Tattoo: illegible or wrong
19. Tumors or abnormal swelling
20. Vent disease
21. Any deviation from the normal body structure, including, wry tail, extra toes, missing toes, malocclusions, crooked legs, pigeon chest, split penis, missing testicle, torn ears, over or under weight