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77 terms

Mosby CH 9 Pharmacology

Florida Institute of Animal Arts access
STUDY
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Right patient, drug, dose, route, frequency
(5) medication & dosing rights
Pharmacokinetics
describes how drugs move into, through, and out of the body
Emetics
drugs that induce vomiting
OTC emetics
ipecac, hydrogen peroxide, (warm concentrated solution of salt & water, solution of powdered mustard and water)
Apomorphine
(dog) emetics drug
Rompun(®), AnaSed(®)
Xylazine (cat emetics drug) (2 brandnames of)
anti ulcer (drug)
(drugs that) prevent or treat stomach ulcers
Cimetidine
Tagamet(®) (anti ulcer drug)
antiemetics (drug)
(drugs that) prevent or decrease vomiting
Diphenhydramine
Benadryl(®) (antihistamine, motion sickness, anti emetic)
Loperamide
Imodium(®) (antidiarrhea drug)
Acepromazine Meleate (aka Acepromazine)
PromAce(®) (CNS tranquilizer)
Diazepam
Valium(®) (CNS tranquilizer used as an anti-seizure drug)
Ketamine
Ketaset®, Vetalar®, Vetaket® (CNS tranquilizer used as an analgesic, amnesia, cataleptic)
Phenobarbital
Luminal®, Solfoton® (CNS tranquilizer used as an anti-seizure drug, euthanasia agent)
Butorphanel Tartrate
Torbugesic(®), Torbutrol(®) (CNS tranquilizer used as a narcotic pain reliever)
antimicrobial
(drug that) inhibits or kills microorganism growth
anti-bacterial
(drugs that) inhibits or kills bacteria growth
anti-fungal
(drugs that) inhibits or kills fungus growth (fungicidal)
autonomic system (epinephrine drug effect)
stimulates heart rate, constricts blood vessels in the skin, dilates blood vessels in the muscles, dilates bronchioles, increases metabolism (affects this system)
anti-infectious
(drug that) interferes selectively with the functioning of a microorganism
Penicillin G (aka Procaine, Pen G)
Flo-Cillin®, Dual-Pen® (Anti-microbial drug )
Phenylbutazone (aka Bute)
Butazolidin(®), Butatron(®) (NSAID, muscularskeletal inflammation, Equi-Phar ButePaste)
Furosemide
Lasix(®) (diruetic; waterpill that may cause hypokalemia -low blood potassium)
Gentamicin sulfate
Gentocin(®) (optic, ophthalmic) (anti-infectious drug- antibiotic for the ear or eye)
Ketoconazole
Nizoral(®) (monistat, anti- fungal)
Amoxicillin
Amoxi-tabs(®) (Anti-microbial drug)
controlled substance
substance with potential for physical addiction, psychological addiction, and/or abuse
CI (class 1 drugs)
denotes extreme potential for abuse with no approved medical purpose; heroin, LSD, marijuana
CII (class 2 drugs)
denotes a high potential for abuse; opium, pentobarbital, morphine
CIII (class 3 drugs)
denotes some potential for abuse; Fentanyl (morphine derivative)
CIV (class 4 drugs)
denotes low potential for abuse; phenobarbital, Diazepan
CV (class 5 drugs)
denotes low potential for abuse; Robitussin AC
Bismuth Subsalicylate
Pepto-Bismol(®), Kaopectate(®) (anti-diarrheal)
date, owners info, Rx symbol,drug name, concentration & units dispensed, directions for use, signature of prescriber, DEA Reg # on controlled substances
components of a Rx
guidelines of a Rx
must have a license to prescribe, valid veterinarian/client/patient relationship, SIG-proper labeling/instructions, records must be maintained, must be properly stored
intramuscular (IM)
fairly rapid absorption/response (small volume needed <15ml, more even blood level than IV)
intraperitoneal (IP)
absorption speed similar to IM (frequently used in reptiles and lab animals, not frequently used in large or small animals)
intradermal (ID)
very slow absorption (used for allergy & TB testing, maximum volume 1-2ml, 25-30 gage needle)
subcutaneous (SC, SQ)
slower absorption than IV or IM, faster than PO (solution must be non-irritating & close to neutral ph, <150ml)
By mouth (PO, OS)
convenient, painless, environmentally safe, slow absorption (route)
Topical (TO)
applied directly to the skin
Intravenous (IV)
rapid absorption, (provides immediate dilution of irritating substances, may provide large doses)
W(weight)xD(dose)÷C(concentration)(1lb÷2.2=kg)
Calculating drug doses
emetics (drug)
Apomorphine
Pepto-Bismol(®), Kaopectate(®)
Bismuth subsalicylate (anti-diarrheal)
Nizoral(®)
Ketoconazole (anti- fungal; yeast organisms, ringworm) (ke″to-kon´ah-zōl)
Gentocin(®) (optic, ophthalmic)
Gentamicin Sulfate (anti-infectious)
Lasix(®)
Furosemide (diuretic, 1brandname)
Butazolidin(®), Butatron(®) (Equi-Phar ButePaste)
Phenylbutazone (aka Bute) (NSAID, muscularskeletal inflammation ) (2 brandnames of)
Torbugesic(®), Torbutrol(®)
Butorphanol Tartrate (CNS tranquilizer used as a narcotic pain reliever) (2 brandnames of)
Luminal(®), Solfoton(®)
Phenobarbital (CNS tranquilizer used as an anti-seizure drug, euthanasia agent) (2 brandnames of)
Ketaset(®), Vetalar(®), Vetaket(®)
Ketamine (CNS tranquilizer used as an analgesic, amnesia, cataleptic) (3 brandnames of)
Valium(®)
Diazepam (CNS tranquilizer used as an anti-seizure drug) (1brandname)
PromAce(®)
Acepromazine Meleate (Acepromazine, CNS tranquilizer, 1brandname)
Tagamet(®)
Cimetidine (anti ulcer)
Nemex(®), Strongid(®)
Pyrantel Pamoate (anti parasitic; roundworm,hookworm) (2 brandnames of)
Ivomec(®), Heartgard(®), Eqvalan(®)
Ivermectin (anti parasitic, heartworms,earmites) (3 brandnames of)
Panacur(®)
Fenbendazole (Benzimidazole anti parasitic; roundworm,hookworm,whipworm,1tapeworm) (1brandname)
Droncit(®), Drontal(®)
Praziquantel (anti parasitic; tapeworms) (2 brandnames of)
Keflex(®)
Cephalexin (Cephalosporin anti microbial)
Cushing's Disease
Hyperadrenocorticism (excessive production of the hormone cortisone from the adrenal gland)
Addison's Disease
Hypoadrenocorticism (deficiency of the hormone cortisone from the adrenal gland)
Cephalexin
Keflex(®) (Cephalosporin anti microbial)
Praziquantel
Droncit(®), Drontal(®) (anti parasitic; tapeworms)
Pyrantel Pamoate
Nemex(®), Strongid(®) (anti parasitic; roundworm,hookworm)
Anti fungal (drug used for yeast organisms and ringworm)
Ketoconazole (drug type?)
Anti parasitic (drug used for roundworm and hookworm)
Pyrantel Pamoate (drug type?)
Anti parasitic (drug used for tapeworms)
Praziquantel (drug type?)
(Cephalosporin) Anti microbial
Cephalexin (drug type?)
(Benzimidazole) Anti parasitic (drug used for roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, 1tapeworm)
Fenbendazole (drug type?)
NSAID (used for muscularskeletal inflammation)
Phenylbutazone (aka Bute) (drug type?)
CNS tranquilizer
Acepromazine (drug type?)
CNS tranquilizer (used as an anti-seizure drug)
Diazepam (drug type?)
CNS tranquilizer (used as an analgesic, amnesia, cataleptic)
Ketamine (drug type?)
CNS tranquilizer (used as an anti-seizure drug and euthanasia agent)
Phenobarbital (drug type?)
CNS tranquilizer (used as a narcotic pain reliever)
Butorphanol Tartrate (drug type?)