SAD- Quiz 11
Terms in this set (45)
A class diagram includes the class ____, which describe the characteristics of objects in the class.
A class diagram includes the class ____, which represent the program logic.
A module that performs a single function or task has a high degree of ____, which is desirable.
A Web site for the ____ describes a variety of IT education and training resources.
Center for the Application of Information Technologies (CAIT)
A ____ consists of related program code organized into small units that are easy to understand and maintain.
Application ____ is the process of constructing the programs and code modules that serves as the building blocks of an information system.
As the accompanying figure illustrates, the ____ approach causes the changeover from the old system to the new system to occur immediately when the new system becomes operational.
As the accompanying figure illustrates, the ____ changeover method allows the new system to be implemented in stages, or modules.
As the accompanying figure illustrates, the ____ changeover method involves implementing the complete new system at a selected location of the company.
As the accompanying figure illustrates, the ____ changeover method requires that both the old and the new information systems operate fully for a specific period.
At the end of the systems implementation phase, the final report to management should include ____.
all of the above
During ____ testing, programmers must test programs that interact with other programs and files individually, before they are integrated into the system.
If a module must perform multiple tasks, ____.
the module will be more difficult to create and maintain,
more complex coding is required
In a structure chart, a control couple shows a message, also called a status ____, which one module sends to another.
In a structure chart, a curved arrow represents a ____, which indicates that one or more modules are repeated.
In a structure chart, a(n) ____ line, which has a diamond on one end, indicates that a control module determines which subordinate modules will be invoked.
In a technique called ____ testing, the programmer simulates each program outcome or result and displays a message to indicate whether or not the program executed successfully.
In a top-down design, the overall objectives of a system are broken down into ____ in a process called partitioning.
In a(n) ____ approach, the systems analyst documents the system's requirements and then breaks them down into subsystems and modules.
In addition to analyzing logic and program code, a project team usually holds a session with users, called a ____ walkthrough, to review the interface with a cross-section of people who will work with the new system and ensure that all the necessary features have been included.
In sequence, the four steps typically followed to create a structure chart are ____.
review the DFDs; identify modules and relationships; add couples, loops, and conditions; analyze the structure chart and the data dictionary
In ____ programming, two programmers work on the same task on the same computer.
Integration testing is sometimes known as ____ testing.
Many organizations require a more formal type of desk checking called a structured walkthrough, or ____ review.
Operations documentation ____.
contains all the information needed for processing and distributing online and printed output
Program documentation ____.
describes the inputs, outputs, and processing logic for all program modules
Software ____ is a software development process that stresses solid design, effective structure, accurate documentation, and careful testing.
Successful completion of system testing is the key to user and management approval, which is why system tests sometimes are called ____.
The objective of ____ testing is to identify and eliminate execution errors that could cause a program to terminate abnormally, and logic errors that could have been missed during desk checking.
The test environment for an information system contains ____.
copies of all programs and procedures, copies of test data files
The testing of an individual module is called ____ testing.
To achieve better, faster, and less expensive methods of software development, ____ designed the Capability Maturity Model (CMM), which improves quality, reduces development time, and cuts costs.
SEI (Software Engineering Institute)
Unless a problem must be corrected, or modifications or enhancements must be made, access to the operational environment is limited to ____ and must be strictly controlled.
User documentation includes ____.
security and audit trail information,
frequently asked questions (FAQs),
description of source document content, preparation, processing, and samples
User documentation ____.
consists of instructions and information to users who will interact with the system
Using a ____ strategy, knowledgeable users can be selected who then conduct sessions for others.
When developing a training program, which of the following guidelines should be kept in mind?
select the most effective place to conduct the training,
provide for learning by hearing, seeing, and doing,
rely on previous trainees
When evaluating a system, which of the following is not necessary for a systems analyst to do?
Use interviews to gather information and opinions from a large number of users
Which of the following is not specified by the detailed procedures in a test plan?
What the rate of the forward engineering will be
____ cutover involves more risk than other changeover methods.
____ describes the degree of interdependence among modules.
____ graphically represent the logical rules and interaction between program modules using a series of symbols connected by arrows.
____ is the process of reviewing the program code to spot logic errors, which produce incorrect results.
____ measures a module's scope and processing characteristics.
____ requires that a software supplier document all testing and maintain records of test results.
ISO (International Organization for Standardization)
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