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History Exams Revision

Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (18)

Social classes:
Jarls: Powerful, wealthy, large longhouses, kings depended on them
Karls: Farmers merchants craftsmen, majority, they were free people, took part in raids
Thralls: Slaves, did most of the hard work, no rights, were treated well however

Roles:
Viking merchant: sailed on seas such as the Mediterranean and Baltic Sea, brought back wheat, salt, silver, gold and spices. Their ships carried (traded) Jewellery, combs, decorated swords and furs
Craftsmen: Used iron axes and adzes to make keels out of single tree trunks. Used freshly cut green wood to make oak plants for the hull and carved figureheads on the prow and stern.
Viking Raider: Were either raiders or in spare time were farmers, used swords, shields and chain-mail tunics, wanted weapons to be buried with them

Homes:
-homes were located near water
-longhouses were rectangular buildings with round thatched roofs
-in the centre under the roof opening was a fireplace used to cook and provide warmth but made longhouses very smoky.

Food/Diet:
-meat from cattle, sheep, pigs and hens and fish formed the basis of their diets
-they harvested grains like wheat, barley and rye
-they ate vegetables like onions, leaks peas and cabbage
-they also collected fruit and berries

Work:
vikings were not only fierce warriors but craftsmen. For the majority, farming was their primary occupation. Crops would be harvested in Autumn and winter. Craftsmen made swords and weapons for battle and metal workers made armour. Poorer fighters wore leather caps or hats lined with fur