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Chapter 8 assessment
Terms in this set (18)
After signing the Declaration of Independence, what made most members of Congress nervous?
They were worried about creating a strong central government because they feared it would crush the rights they were trying to preserve.
What powers did the Articles of Confederation give Congress?
Congress could declare war and peace, raise an army and a navy, print money and set up a postal system.
What limitations were placed on Congress by the Articles of Confederation?
Congress was unable to impose taxes.
Where did Congress meet in 1787?
Congress meet at Philadelphia's Independence Hall.
What were the states quarreling about during and after the Revolutionary War?
The states were quarreling over taxes on goods and state boundaries.
What did Congress agree on?
How to develop western lands that were acquired by the United States after the the Treaty of Paris.
Explain how land was divided under the Land Ordinance of 1785.
Western lands were divided into six square miles called townships. One section was dedicated for public schools. The other sections were sold to settlers.
Explain how the territory in the Northwest was to be governed under the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?
It divided Northwest territories into smaller territories and each one had a territorial governor.
What was banned in the Northwest Territory?
In the Northwest Territory slavery was banned.
What beliefs did the delegates share?
-All of the delegates believed that the government had to protect peoples' rights to liberty and equality, and that a republic was the best form of government.
What ideas divided the delegates?
-They disagreed about which people entitled to vote and to hold office. They were divided over which should have more power, the national government or the individual states.
How should states be represented in the new Government?
The Virginia plan called for two houses of congress. Representation in each house would be determined by population. The New Jersey Plan called for a single house of congress. Each State would have an equal vote.
What compromise did the delegates create to resolve the issue of state representation?
-The Great Compromise called for two houses of Congress. In the first house, the House of Representatives, representation would be based on the state's population. The second house, the Senate, would represent the states, and each state would have two senators elected by their state legislatures.
How did the views of delegates from northern states differ from those of delegates from southern states on this issue.
-The North wanted slaves counted for taxation but not representation. The south wanted slaves counted representation for but not taxation.
Why didn't the delegates agree on how the national executive should be chosen?
-Some wanted the president chosen by Congress, but others objected that this would make the executive to close to congress. Some wanted the citizens to elect the executive, but others were afraid that people would only vote for candidates from their state. Finally, some wanted a group of electors from each state that would look beyond state interests.
What compromise did the delegates create to resolve this issue?
-The executive would be elected by a special body called the Electoral College. Delegates to the Electoral College would be chosen by the states.
Why did some delegates refuse to sign the final draft of the Constitution?
-Some feared that it gave the national government too much power and did not protect the of the rights of the people.
What were The Federalist Papers, and why were they written?
-The Federalists Papers were articles written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay urging ratification of the Constitution.
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