200 terms

Lvl 1 Ch 5-8 Reading for Speed and Fluency

STUDY
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canyon
(n.) a deep valley with steep sides, often with a stream flowing through it
national
(adj.) relating to a certain country
million
(n.) 1,000,000
view
(n.) what you can see from a certain place
"My hotel has a great ______ of Mt. Fuji."
cut through
(v.) to divide something
"We _________ the tree and it fell down."
one-third
(n.) 33% percent of something
European
(n.) a person from a country in Europe
native
(n.) a person or thing that is originally from a certain area
Spanish
(n.) "the ~" are people from Spain
protect
(v.) to keep safe
"Parents always __________ their children."
emergency
(adj.) a very bad situation; e.g. a house fire or a heart attack
ambulance
(n.) a large van that takes hurt people to a hospital
fire department
(n.) a public service for fighting fires
sidewalk
(n.) a walking path on the side of a road
bridge
(n.) a path that goes over a river or another path
watery
(adj.) wet; with lots of water
passenger
(n.) a person riding in a vehicle; not the driver
sink
(v.) to fall or go under water
cost
(v.) to cause someone to lose something valuable
"The accident ____ me my driving license."
flood
(n.) a large amount of water over the land, especially after very heavy rain
billion
(n.) the number 1,000,000,000
planet
(n.) a very large round object that moves around a sun or around another star; e.g. Earth, Mars, Jupiter
Antarctica
(n.) the icy continent that includes the South Pole
impossible
(adj.) something that can not be done
degree
(n.) the measurement of how hot or cold something is
"It's hot today. It's 25 ___s Celcius."
environment
(n.) the area in which something or someone lives
in order for
when one event must happen before another event can happen
"__________ you to get an A+ in this class, you must finish all the homework."
serious
(adj.) not funny; important
"Global warming is a ___ problem."
shade
(n.) an area protected or blocked from the sun
"It's so hot today, let's sit in the _____ under this tree."
bounce off
(v.) to be deflected away from something
"The ball will _____ the wall and back to me."
canal
(n.) a large, man-made waterway made for boats to travel along or for moving water
connect
(v.) to join or be joined with something else
convenient
(adj.) easy and comfortable to do or get to
due to
because of
"______ the rain, we cancelled the picnic."
disease
(n.) an illness or sickness
complete
(v.) to finish something
expensive
(adj.) high in price; not cheap
provide
(v.) to give or supply
"The Sun ___s light and heat to the Earth."
direct
(adj.) in a straight line without stopping
"We took a ______ flight from Tokyo to London."
Pacific Ocean
(n.) the largest area of water in the world; it is bordered by the Americas, Asia, and Australia
rainforest
(n.) a thick forest that is usually in hot humid areas; e.g. the Amazon
rich
(adj.) having a lot of something
"Colombia is ___ in oil and gas."
demand
(n.) an urgent need
"Japan has a high ___ for seafood
cut down
(v.) to reduce something or make it smaller
major
(adj.) very important; large
local
(adj.) from nearby; the opposite of global
cure
(v.) to fix or solve a health problem
"What is a good _____ for a headache?"
government
(n.) a group of people who control the laws and policies of a country
allow
(v.) to permit; to let something happen
"My dad won't ___ me to go to the party."
rate
(n.) speed
"After I run, my heart ___ is high."
medicine
(n.) something you take to treat a disease
all the time
continuous; does not stop
"I love chocolate. In fact, I eat it ___."
in order to
what must be done for something else to happen
"___ pass the test, I studied all night."
nearby
(adv.) close; not far away
natural
(adj.) not made by people
take away
(v.) to remove something or someone
"___ the knife from that young boy! It's dangerous!"
pour
(v.) to make a liquid move from a high place to a lower place
"The waiter ___s the wine into the glass."
safely
(adv.) not dangerously; with no risk
sometimes
(adv.) now and then, but not often
cause
(v.) to make something happen
"Earthquakes often ___ tsunami."
catch cold
(v.) to become sick with a common virus
variety
(n.) a group of several different things
cough
(n.) air that is forced out through your mouth in a short burst
runny nose
(n.) when liquid comes out from your nose
headache
(n.) a pain in the head
syrup
(n.) a thick liquid; often for medicine or to add flavor
especially
(adv.) most importantly
contain
(v.) to include within; to hold
"Their suitcases ________ clothes and snacks."
extra
(adj.) more than what is necessary
get rid of
(v.) to remove; to throw away
"Let's ________ that old, broken TV."
pharmacist
(n.) a person who prepares and hands out medicines
doctor's note
(n.) instructions from a doctor to a pharmacist
pill
(n.) medicine in a small, hard shape that is easy to swallow
liquid
(adj.) not a gas or a solid; e.g. water, oil, blood
explain
(v.) to make something easy to understand
"Could you _______ what you mean?"
take
(v.) to receive into the body or system; e.g. by swallowing or breathing it in
serious
(adj.) not funny; important; urgent
side effect
(n.) a bad effect from a drug
"This medicine is good for your cold, but one ___ is that it makes you sleepy."
stomach
(n.) the place in your body where food goes after entering your mouth
"I ate too much, now my ____ hurts."
expect
(v.) to think that something is likely to happen
"It's very cloudy. I ____ it will rain."
emergency room
(n.) the part of a hospital where you go if you are suddenly very ill or injured
drop off
(v.) to deliver or put in a certain place
"Please ________ your homework at our class mailbox."
rush
(v.) to do something very quickly
"I am late for my train, so I need to ____."
take care of
(v.) to look after someone or something
"My grandmother is sick, so I will ____ her."
happen
(v.) to take place; to occur
all day
from sunrise to sunset
all night
from sunset to sunrise
stay up
(v.) to keep awake; to not sleep
scary
(adj.) frightening
"I don't like horror movies. They are too ____."
accident
(n.) something that happens without planning or unexpectedly
bird flu
(n.) a serious disease that affects birds, but can be transferred to people
mainly
(adv.) usually, for the most part
affect
(v.) to cause a change in or have an effect on something
"That song is beautiful. It will ______ many people."
illness
(n.) being sick
normal
(adj.) common; expected
afraid
(adj.) frightened; scared
spread
(v.) to affect a larger and larger area or number of people
prevent
(v.) to stop something from happening
within
inside
shot
(n.) an injection of something, usually medicine
"I get a flu ____ every year to stop me from catching flu."
turn
(v.) to become or change into something
"You can ___ water into ice by making it very cold."
keep
(v.) to stay the same
"You can ___ healthy by eating well and exercising."
vegetable
(n.) a plant, especially for food; i.e. onions and carrots.
redwood
(n.) a kind of tree; it is the largest tree in the world
in addition to
and; also
"We served coffee __________ cake."
care for
(v.) to look after someone or something
"Will you please ___ my cats while I go on vacation?"
remember
(v.) to keep information in your memory; to not forget it
almost
(adv.) very nearly; not quite
soil
(n.) earth; the stuff that trees grow on
living
(adj.) having life
vacation
(n.) a period of time when there is no work or school; a holiday
desert
(n.) a place where there is almost no rain
"The Sahara is a ___ in Africa."
water
(v.) to give water to something to help it to live
dirt
(n.) loose earth; soil
amount
(n.) a quantity; a measure; a number
make sense
(v.) to be understandable
"I can't ___ of this writing. It is too messy."
weird
(adj.) odd; strange
on the other hand
about a different idea
"We could go to a movie. ___, we could just go home."
neighbor
(n.) a person who lives nearby
experiment
(n.) a test done in order to learn something; especially for research
everywhere
(adv.) in all places
useful
(adj.) helpful; has a purpose
dangerous
(adj.) not safe
field
(n.) a large flat area, often with grassy plants
decorate
(v.) to add to something to make it more beautiful
"My girlfriend likes to ___ her car with teddy bears."
cheer up
(v.) to make someone happier
"I will ___ my brother by buying him some chocolate."
common
(adj.) ordinary; normal; not rare
branch
(n.) a woody section growing out from the main part of a tree
hill
(n.) high ground; smaller than a mountain
pull out
(v.) to remove or take out
rich
(adj.) having a lot of something
"Saudi Arabia is ___ in oil and gas."
less
(adj.) the opposite of more
forest
(n.) a large area of land covered with trees
develop
(v.) to grow; to become bigger or better
"Maybe one day people will ___ the ability to communicate by thinking."
dominate
(v.) to control; to become the best or the biggest
"These days, Google ___s the online search industry."
Black Forest
(n.) a wooded mountain area in Southwest Germany
Germany
(n.) a country in central Europe
rainforest
(n.) a thick forest, usually in hot humid areas; e.g. the Amazon
South America
(n.) a continent in the Western Hemisphere, which includes Brazil, Argentina, and Peru.
Amazon
(n.) the name of a river in South America, and the rainforest area around it
Venus flytrap
(n.) an insect-eating plant
trap
(n.) a thing used to catch animals or people
except
not including; but not
"I like all vegetables ___ green peppers"
nutrient
(n.) in food, what living things need so they can grow
"Black earth is good for plants; it has many ___s."
make up
(v.) to do or to use instead of something else
"You can ___ for the test you missed by writing an essay."
lack
(n.) an absence; not enough
"The ___ of rain in the Sahara means that plants can't grow there."
wondering
(v.) to think curiously
work
(v.) to function
"How does this strange machine ___?"
sensitive
(adj.) easily affected by something
"Dogs are ___ to high-pitched noises."
break down
(v.) to become smaller; to rot away
"Our stomachs ___ food so our bodies can get energy."
right away
at once; immediately
learn
(v.) to get information; to find out
main
(adj.) most important
country
(n.) a land or nation controlled by a government
eg. Japan, China, etc.
skill
(n.) an ability; something you do well
develop
(v.) to grow; to become more advanced or effective
"She ___s her English ability by reading a lot."
ourselves
we; us
"The book taught us about ____"
through
entering from one direction and leaving from the other
magazine
(n.) a thin book with a paper cover usually published once a month
as well
also
grow up
(v.) to become an adult
at least
not less than; a minimum of
"Students need ____ 60% to pass the test."
wrong
(adj.) incorrect; not right
at once
immediately; right away
"I'm hurt! Please take me to the hospital ___!"
confuse
(v.) to not understand; to be unclear
step
(n.) one in a series; a stage in a process
at one time
happening together; at the same time
letter
(n.) a character used in writing; eg. "A", "a", "B", "b", etc.
sentence
(n.) one or more words forming an independent idea; usually includes a subject and a predicate
step by step
following a process exactly, one stage at a time
anymore
(adv.) not now
"In high school I studied math. I didn't like it, so I don't study math ___."
mind
(n.) the part of a person that thinks and feels emotions
gather
(v.) to put into a group, to bring together
store
(v.) to keep for future use
recognize
(v.) to see or hear someone or something and know who or what they are, because you have seen or heard them before
"Do you ____ that woman over there? She was our high school teacher."
language
(n.) a system of human speech and written words that people use to communicate with each other
point
(v.) to physically show the position or direction of something
"Which one is your sister? Can you ___ at her with your finger?"
seem
(v.) to appear to be, feel, or do, etc.
"It may ___ like the teacher doesn't like you, but in fact he's just forgetful."
college
a school of higher learning, similar to a university; in US English, it often means the same as university
machine
a piece of equipment made to do a job
"Airplanes and helicopters are flying ___."
in front of
facing someone; not behind
record
(v.) to copy sounds or images to a machine
"A video camera can ____ moving images and sound."
flash card
(n.) a special card to help you study
list
(n.) a written series of things
"Please add 'bananas' and 'eggs' to the shopping ___."
once
(adv.) one time
memory
(n.) something you remember
repeat
(v.) to do again
middle
(n.) the central part of something; not the edges
fact
(n.) something that is true
"It is a ___ that people can't fly like birds."
as well as
and also
"She's very artistic. She likes music ____ painting."
fear
(n.) feeling of being worried or scared
phobia
(n.) a strong fear
bite
(v.) to grip or cut with the teeth
even though
however; in spite of
"I gave my friend a birthday present ____ I was angry at him."
event
(n.) something that happens
scream
(v.) to make a loud high cry because you are hurt, frightened, or excited
unlearn
(v.) to forget something you knew
trick
(n.) the art or ability of doing something skillfully
face
(v.) to deal with or manage a situation
run away
(v.) to leave quickly, usually to avoid danger
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