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Medical Terminology Appendix B

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AC, ac
Before meals
ABC
Airway/Breathing/Circulation
abd
Abdomen, abduction
ABG
Arterial blood gasses
ABX
Antibiotics
ADA
American Diabetic Association
add
adduction
ADL
Activities of daily living
ad lib
as much as needed, as desired
Adm.
Admission
AKA
Above the knee amputation
a.m.
morning
AMA
against medical advice
AMB, amb
Ambulatory
amp
ampule
Ant.
anterior
AP
anterior-posterior
ARF
Acute rectal failure
AROM
Active range of motion
ASAP
as soon as possible
ASA
aspirin
ASSMT
Assessment
as tol
as tolerated
Ax
Axillary
BBS
bilateral breath sounds
BCX
blood culture
BE
barium enema
BG
blood glucose
bid
twice daily
bil
bilateral
BKA
Below the Knee Amputation
Bld
blood
BLE
bilateral lower extremity
bm
bowel movement
BMR
basal metabolic rate
BP, B/P
blood pressure
BPM, bpm
beats per minute
bs
bowel sounds, bedside
BS
Blood Sugar, breath sounds
BSA
body surface area
BUE
Bilateral Upper Extremity
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
Bx
biopsy
C
Degrees Centigrade
Ca
Calcium
CA
Cancer, carcinoma
Cal.
calorie
CT
computerized axial tomography
cath
catheter, catheterization
CBC
complete blood count
CBR
Complete bed rest
CDC
Center for Disease Control
CEA
carcinoembryonic antigen
CHD
congestive heart disease
CHF
congestive heart failure
CHO
carbohydrate
cl liq
clear liquid
cm
centimeter
CNS
central nervous system
c/o
complains of
CO2
Carbon dioxide
Cont.
continued
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRF
chronic renal failure
CRTT
Certified Respiratory Therapy Technician
C/S
C-Section
C&S
culture and sensitivity
CSF
cerebral spinal fluid
CTA
clear to auscultation
CV
Cardiovascular
CVA
Cerebrovascular
CVL
Central Venous Line
Cx
Culture
CXR
Chest x-ray
DAT
diet as tolerated
DI
diabetes insipidus
Diab.
diabetes
DM
Diabetes mellitus
DNR
do not resuscitate
D5NS
Dextrose 5% normal saline
DOA
dead on arrival
DOB
date of birth
Dr.
Doctor
Drsg.
dressing
dx
diagnosis
EKG
electrocardiogram
Echo
echocardiogram
EEG
electroencephalogram
e.g.
for example
ENT
ear, nose and throat
EOM
extraocular muscles, movement
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD
End-stage renal disease
et
and
E.T.
Expiratory Time
ETT
endotracheal tube
F
Female
°F
Degrees Fahrenheit
FBS
fasting blood sugar
Fe
iron
FEV
Forced Expiratory Volume
FHX
Family history
fl
fluid
FNP
Family Nurse Practitioner
FREQ
frequent
FROM
full range of motion
FS
full strength
F/U
Follow-up
FUO
fever of undetermined origin
FWB
full weight bearing
Fx
fracture
GFR
Glomerular Filtration Rate
GI
Gastrointestinal
gm
gram
GT
Gastrostomy tube
GTC
generalized tonic clonic
GTT
glucose tolerance test
gtts
drops
GU
genitourinary
GYN
gynecology
HBG
Glycolated hemaglobin
Hct
hematocrit (to be used in laboratory only)
HEENT
Head, eyes, ears, nose and throat
Hgb
hemoglobin
HOB
head of bed
H & H
hemoglobin and hematocrit
H&P
History and physical
hr
hour
HR
heart rate
hs, h.s.
hour of sleep
Ht.
height
HTN
hypertension
hx
history
I
Independent
IBW
ideal body weight
ICU
intensive care unit
I&D
incision and drainage
IDDM
insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IM
intramuscular
IMM
immunization
Inj
injection
I&O
intake and output
IPPB
intermittent positive pressure breathing
IS
Incentive spirometry
IV
intravenous (with continuous or push)
JT
jejunal tube
K+
potassium level
Kcal
kilocalorie
KCL
Potassium Chloride
Kg
kilogram
KUB
kidneys, ureters, bladder
KVO
keep vein open (must be accompanied with a specific rate)
L
left
l
liter
LAB
laboratory
LAT
lateral
lb
pound
LE
Lower Extremity
LIQ
liquid
LLE
left lower extremity
LLQ
left lower quadrant
LMP
last menstrual period
L/min
liters per minute (oxygen)
LOC
loss of consciousness
LP
lumbar puncture
LTC
long term care
LUE
Left Upper Extremity
LUL
left upper lobe
LUQ
left upper quadrant
LVN
licensed vocational nurse
Lytes
electrolytes
MAE (E)
moves all extremities (equally)
max
maximum
Mcg
microgram
MCL
midclavicular line
M.D.
Medical Doctor
meds
medications
mEq
milliequivalent
mg
milligram
MI
myocardial infarction
min
minute or minimum
ml
milliliter
MMR
measles, mumps, rubella
mod
moderate
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
N/A
Not Applicable
Na+
Sodium
NACL
Sodium Chloride
NC
nasal cannula
neg
negative
NG
nasogastric
NGT
nasogastric tube
NKA
no known allergies
NKDA
no known drug allergies
NS
normal saline
NSR
normal sinus rhythm
N/V
nausea and vomiting
NWB
non-weight bearing
O2
oxygen
OB
obstetrics
OR
operating room
OOB
out of bed
Ophth
Ophthalmic
OT
occupational therapy
OTC
over the counter drugs
OTR
Occupational Therapist Registered
oz.
ounce
Path
Pathology
pc
after meals
PCA
patient controlled analgesia
PE
physical exam
PERRLA
pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
PF
peak flow
PFT
pulmonary function test
PMI
point of maximum impulse
p.m.
afternoon
po
by mouth
P.Ox
pulse oximeter
PT
prothrombin time, Physical Therapy
PROM
Passive Range of Motion
PR
per rectum
prn
when necessary
prox
proximal
pt
patient
PWB
partial weight bearing
q
every
qid
four times a day
qns
quantity not sufficient
R
right
RBC
red blood cells
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome
Rec
rectal
reg
regular
Resp
respiratory
RLL
right lower lobe
RLQ
right lower quadrant
RN
Registered Nurse
R/O
rule out
ROM
Range of motion
ROS
review of symptoms
RPh
Registered Pharmacist
RUE
Right Upper Extremity
RUL
Right Upper Lobe
RUQ
Right Upper Quadrant
Rx
medication, prescriprion
SBA
stand-by assistance
SOB
short of breath
SP
speech
S/P
status post
Sp. gr.
Specific Gravity
sq
Subcutaneous (injection)
S/S
signs and symptoms
STAT
at once, immediately
STD
sexually transmitted disease
Subcut.
subcutaneous
TB
Tuberculosis
tbsp.
tablespoon
TCDB
turn, cough, and deep breathe
TID, tid, t.i.d.
three times a day
T, temp
Temperature
T.O. or T/O
telephone order
TPR
Temperature, pulse, and respirations
tsp
teaspoon
TTWB
toe touch weight bearing
Tx
treatment
UA
urinalysis
UE
upper extremity
UTI
urinary tract infection
URI
upper respiratory infection
V/O, V.O.
verbal order
V/S
vital signs
WB
weight bearing
WBAT
weight bearing as tolerated
WBC
white blood cells
W/C, w/c
wheel chair
WNL
within normal limits
Wt.
weight
X
times
x-match
cross match
y/o
years old
yr.
year(s)
&
And
%
percent, percentile
secondary to
"
inches or seconds
'
foot, feet or minutes
Δ
change
=
equal
approximately equal to
@
at
#
number (preceding number) or pounds
Primary
+
Positive
-
Negative
SR (up arrow)
Side rails up
s (with line over the top)
without
c (with line over the top)
with