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99 terms

8th Grade Government

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What is the main purpose of the Legislative Branch?
To make our country's laws
What is the main purpose of the Executive Branch?
To carry out, or execute, the laws
What is the main purpose of the Judicial Branch?
To interpret, or explain, the laws
What is the Supreme Law of the land?
The Constitution of the United States of America
Who has the power to declare war?
The president
Who prints and coins money?
Congress
Who is the Chief of the Military?
The President
How many amendments are there?
27 amendments
How many Supreme Court Justices are there?
9 judges
How many years do the House of Representatives serve for?
2 years
How many years is a Term for President?
4 Years
How many years do the Supreme Court Justicces serve for?
Life
How many terms can a president serve for?
2 Terms
Executive?
having the function of carrying out plans or orders etc.
Execute?
put in effect
What is the title of the second in command?
Vice President
What are the three requirements to be President?
A Natural Born of the United States, A resident for 14 years, Must be at least 35 years old
How much does the president make a year?
$200,000
What is the proper order of succession for who will take over if something happens to the president?
The Vice President, Speaker of the House of Representatives, Pro Tempore of the Senate, Various Cabinet Department Heads
Pro Tempore
A member of the Senate selected by the majority party who serves as the party leader. They get to pick the committee that a bill is sent to, among other things.
What are the Five categories that the powers of the President can be put into?
Commander in Chief, Chief Executive, Chief of State, Chief Legislature, and Chief of Party
What is The President commander in Chief of?
The Military
What is The President Chief Executive of?
Business Aspect of The United States of America
What is The Presidents responsibility as Chief of State?
To make Treaties and meet other Foreign leaders
What is The Presidents responsibility as Chief Legislator?
Approve, Dissaprove, or Suggest laws
What is The Presidents responsibility as Chief of Party?
Makes desisions on his individual party
Impeach
to bring charges of serious wrongdoing against a public official
Misdemeanor
a crime or offense that is less serious than a felony; any minor misbehavior or misconduct
Bribery
the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage
Treason
violation of allegiance toward one's country or sovereign, especially the betrayal of one's country by waging war against it or by consciously and purposely acting to aid its enemies
Which House of Congress begins the Impeachment Process?
The House of Representatives starts the Impeachment Process
Which House of Congress acts as the judge at the Impeachment Trial of a President?
The Justices of the Supreme Court
What fraction of the Senate has to agree for an official to be convicted of an impeachment?
2/3 Senate
What are the four divisions of the Executive Branch?
The Cabinet Department, Independent Agencies, Government Corporations, Regulatory Agencies
How many Cabinet Departments are there?
5
Majority
(elections) more than half of the votes
Minority
A group of people who differ racially or politically from a larger group of which it is a part
Privilege
a special advantage or immunity or benefit not enjoyed by all
Expel
remove from a position or office
What is the Legislative Branch called?
Congress
What two houses make up Congress?
The House of Representatives, and The Senate
Congressional Record
a published account of the speeches and debates and votes of the United States Congress
What are two privileges of being a member of Congress?
You can't be arrested when you are going to or coming from Congress, and you can't be sued or punished for anything you might say in Congress
Census
a periodic and official count of a country's population
What are the three qualifications to be a representative?
You have to be at least 35, Citizen for 7years, and live in the state you represent
How many Senators does each state send to Washington?
2 each
What is the term of office for a Senator?
They serve for 6 years
What is the term of office for a representative?
They serve for 2 years
What are the three requirements to be a Senator?
You have to be at least 30, citizen for 9 years, and live in the state they represent
Quorum
The minimum number of members who must be present to permit a legislative body to take official action
Adjourn
break from a meeting or gathering
How many Representatives from the House have to be present for a Qourum?
51 Have to be present
What fraction of the Senate have to agree to expel a member?
2/3
Veto
the power or right to prohibit or reject a proposed or intended act (especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature)
Overide
the power of the congress to pass a law over the presidents veto, 2/3 vote of both house is needed
Where can a Bill be introduced?
The House of Representatives, or Senate
Money Bills must be introduced in which House?
The House of Representatives
If the bill is approved by the House of Representatives where does it go next?
It is given to the Senate for approval
When both the House approve the bill then where does it go?
It is given to the president for approval
If the president veto's a bill what process has to be taken for it to become a law anyway?
If both houses agree to overide the veto then it becomes a law
What fraction of Representatives and Senators must agree in order to overide the presidents veto?
Two-Thirds must agree to overide the veto
If the veto is not overridden, what happens to the bill?
It becomes a dead bill
Bill
a statute in draft before it becomes law
What are the four powers given to Congress?
Powers to Tax, Borrow Money, Regulate Trade, and Naturalization
Elastic Clause
the part of the Constitution that permits Congress to make any laws "necessary and proper" to carrying out its powers
Enumerated powers
The powers explicitly given to Congress in the Constitution.
Implied powers
powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
Inherent powers
The powers of the national government in foreign affairs that the Supreme Court has declared do not depend on constitutional grants but rather grow out of the very existence of the national government
Habeas Corpus
the right of an accused person to be brought before a judge and informed of the charges and evidence against him or her
What is a bill of attainder?
a law that directs the punishment of a specific person without a trial -- in civil cases NOT ok
Ex post facto law
a law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed
Delegated power
a power given to the federal government by the Constitution
Concurrent power
powers given to both national and state governments
Reserved power
a power set aside by the Constitution for the state or for the people
Appeal
heard for a second time
What is the name of the highest court in the United States?
Supreme Court
Who appoints and approves the Justices?
President appoints them, Senate must approve them
How many District and Appeal courts are there?
91 district and 12 appeal courts
Jurisdiction
(law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law
What are the nine types of Cases the Supreme and Federal courts have jurisdiction over?
Constitution, Federal Laws, Trearties, Laws Governing Ships, Ambassadors or Public Ministers, Government, Two or More State Governments, Citizens of Differnt States, and States and Citizens Versus Foreign Countries and Foreign Citizens
Original Jurisdiction
the authority to hear cases for the first time
Appellate Jurisdiction
The authority of a court to review decisions made by lower courts
Writ of Certiorari
Order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to send up the records of a case for review
Unconstitutional
not allowed under the Constitution
Treason
an act of deliberate betrayal
What is the process of checking the laws of our land?
The judicial review
Republican
Each state will always have a government elected by the people
Who is given the power to admit new states?
Congress
Amend
to change in a formal way; to change for the better
Ratify
approve formally; confirm; verify
What are the two ways for an amendment to be proposed?
Gets two-thirds congress to agree, or through a constitutional convention called by 2/3 state legislatures
What two ways can an amendment be ratified?
Getting a 3/4 state legislatures must ratify vote to ratify an amendment, or 3/4 states have to have individual constitutional conventions
What fraction must propose an amendment, and what fraction must ratify an amendment?
To propose an amendment you have to have 2/3 congress to agree, and 3/4 state lagislatures must agree to ratify an amendment
What document was governing the states before and during the writting of the constitution?
The Articles of Confederation
How many representatives are in congress?
535
How many senators are there?
100
How many representatives are there?
435
Who has the power to propose taxs?
The Senate
What is the Preamble?
We the people, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquillity, providefor the common defense, promote the general welfare, secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and are prosterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.