Milady Chapter 6 Review
Terms in this set (120)
The cells of all living things are composed of a substance called:
Most cells reproduce by dividing into two identical cells called:
Nerve tissue carries messages to the brain and is made up of special cells known as:
The largest and strongest bone of the face that forms the lower jaw.
Origin, Belly, and Insertion
Name the three parts of a muscle.
Also known as microscopic anatomy.
The basic unit of all living things.
The protoplasm of a cell that surrounds the nucleus.
Toxins, Injury, and Disease
Unfavorable conditions for mitosis.
The chemical process in living organisms whereby cells are nourished and carry out their activities.
The phase of metabolism that involves the breaking down of complex compounds within cells into smaller ones.
The tissue that binds together, protects, and supports parts of the body.
Structures composed of specialized tissues designed to perform specific functions in plants and animals.
The physical foundation of the body consisting of bones connected by joints.
The facial skeleton has how many bones?
The bone that forms the back of the skull above the nape.
The bone that forms the forehead.
Two bones that form the sides of the head in the ear region.
The bone that joins all of the bones of the cranium together.
The Cheekbones are also called the malar bones or:
The elastic, bony cage that acts as a protective framework for the heart and lungs.
The uppermost and largest bone of the arm, extending from the elbow to the shoulder.
The inner and larger bone of the forearm, attached at the wrist and located on the side of the little finger.
The bones in the fingers or digits are called:
The heavy, long bone that forms the leg above the knee.
The ankle joint is composed of how many bones?
Muscles that are attached to bones and are voluntary or consciously controlled.
The part of the muscle at the movable attachment to the skeleton.
Insertion to Origin
Pressure in massage is usually directed from the:
The muscle of the scalp that raises the eyebrows, draws the scalp forward, and causes wrinkles across the forehead.
The muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
The ring muscle of the eye socket that enables you to close your eyes.
The muscle that draws the eyebrow down and wrinkles the forehead vertically.
The muscle that covers the back of the neck and upper and middle region of the back.
Extensor muscles that turn the hand inward so the palm faces downward.
Muscles that separate the fingers.
The Nervous system as a whole is divided into how many subdivisions?
Central, Peripheral, and Autonomic
Name the three nervous system subdivisions.
The nervous system that controls the voluntary functions of the five senses.
The largest and most complex nerve tissue of the body.
Fifth Cranial Nerve
The largest of the cranial nerves.
Supplies impulses to the skin on the outer side and back of the foot and leg.
A lower, thick-walled chamber of the heart.
Thin-walled blood vessels that are less elastic than arteries and located closer to the skin surface.
Blood component that gives blood its color.
Common Carotid Arteries
Main arteries that supply blood to the head, neck, and face.
Ductless glands that release secretion of hormones directly into the bloodstream.
Insulin, adrenaline, and estrogen are examples of:
Spongy tissues composed of microscopic cells in which inhaled air is exchanged for carbon dioxide during one breathing cycle.
The word integument means:
Study of the structure, function, and diseases of the muscles.
Middle part of the muscle.
Collection of similar cells that perform a particular function.
Scientific study of the structure, function, and pathology of the nervous system.
Dense, active protoplasm found in the center of the cell.
Study of the functions and activities performed by the body structures.
Primary structural unit of the nervous system.
Automatic nerve reaction to a stimulus that involves movement.
Where are metacarpals located?
Bone known as your adams apple.
Largest organ of the body.
Technical term for the bone.
Organic, Trace Minerals
Bones are made up of 1/3 ______ and 2/3 ______.
How many main body systems are there?
The usual process of cell reproduction of human tissues that occurs when the cell divides into two identical cells.
Brain, Eyes, Heart, Kidneys, Lungs, Liver, Skin, Stomach, Intestines
Name the nine major organs.
Digestive, Integumentary, Lymphatic/Immune, Muscular, Reproductive, Endocrine, Excretory, Nervous, Skeletal, Respiratory, and Circulatory
Name the eleven main body systems.
Controls the body.
Controls the body's vision.
Circulates the blood.
Excrete water and waste products.
Supply oxygen to the blood.
Removes waste created by digestion.
Covers the body and is the external protective coating.
Digests food, along with the intestines.
Digests food, along with the stomach.
Controls the steady circulation of the blood through the body by means of the heart and blood vessels.
Breaks down foods into nutrients and wastes.
Affects the growth, development, sexual functions,and health of the entire body.
Purifies the body by eliminating waste matter.
Serves as a protective covering and helps regulate bodys temperature.
Protects the body from disease by developing immunities and destroying disease causing bacteria.
Covers, shapes, and holds the skeletal system in place.
Controls and coordinates all other systems of the body and makes them work harmoniously and efficiently.
Produces offspring and passes on the genetic code from one generation to another.
Enables breathing, supplying the body with oxygen, and eliminating carbon dioxide as a waste product.
Draws fingers together.
How many pairs of cranial nerves?
How many spinal nerves?
Abductor Digiti Minimi
Muscle that separates the toes.
Peripheral Nervous System
Carries impulses, or messages to and from the central nervous system.
Autonomic Nervous System
Controls the involuntary muscles.
Also known as afferent nerves, carry impulses or messages from the sense organs to the brain.
Also known as efferent nerves, carry impulses from the brain to the muscles or glands.
Affects the muscles of the chin, lower lip, and external ear.
Supplies impulses to the upper part of the face.
Affects the point and lower side of the nose.
Affects the muscles of the mouth.
Extends up from the toes and foot, just under the skin, supplying impulses to the toes and foot, as well as the muscles and skin of the leg.
Thick-walled, muscular, flexible tubes that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the arterioles.
Small arteries that deliver blood to the capillaries.
Tiny, thin-walled blood vessels that connect the smaller arteries to venules, bring nutrients to the cells and carry away waste materials.
Small vessels that connect the capillaries to the veins, collect blood from capillaries and drain it into the veins.
Red Blood Cells
Carry oxygen from the lungs to the body cells and transport carbon dioxide from the cells back to the lungs.
White Blood Cells
Also known as white corpuscles, perform the function of destroying disease-causing toxins and bacteria.
White blood cells are also known as:
Contribute to the blood-clotting process.
Fluid part of the blood in which the red and white blood cells and platelets flow.
Plasma is about ______ percent water and contains proteins and sugars.
There are ______ hormones telling your body what it should do everyday.
The average adult has about ______ feet of intestines.
About ______ gallons of blood flow through your kidneys everyday.
8 to 10
There are approximately _______ pints of blood in the human body.
Blood is approximately ______ percent water.
You have over ______ muscles in your face that control your expressions.
You have over ______ moveable and semi-moveable joints in your body.
40 to 50
About _______ percent of the body weight is in muscles.
There are over ______ muscles that make your body move.
On average, the brain weighs a little less than ______ pounds.
The heart is approximately the size of a closed fist, weighs about ______ ounces, and is located in the chest cavity.