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Terms in this set (20)
an empirical scientific approach which suggests that all knowledge is built up over time via processes of asociation and stimulus and response
Noam Chomsky is an MIT professor of linguistics and is considered to be the father of modern linguistics world wide. His work is based on Cartesian Rationalism and
a clitic denotes an item which resembles a word but doesn't contain the full phonological structure. For this reason the word particple is consider bound and must attach to a lexical stem can't
a term that denotes a specific grammatical function.
contrast and form opposition e.g however, instead, nevertheless, on the contrary, anyway, etc. John spoke however no one listened.
the auxiliary/linking verb "be" are termed copular - to link eg. Mary is a teacher. (is) is the verb that links Mary with teacher.
A modifier that doesn't correctly refer back to what it is modifying.-My nail broke while chaging the oil.
a clause that cannot stand on it's own and must seek further information to establish the full meaning e.g while I was driving home.
a functional word that introduces a noun eg a/the/this/that/my/one/. Determiners house all function features relevant
need to know to be fuctionsl
L1 is never used. Everything is done in target language
refers to language sources that are used to initiate the language processes
language acquisition hypothesis
Krashen affective filter hypothesis
emotional variables such as anxiety, motivation, and self confidence, play a part play a part in language acquisition
Krashen's acquisition vs learning
learning is formal knowledge (rules) acquisition at the subconscious level- child's acquiring his first language)
Krashen input hypothesis
learner must be exposed to messages a little bit beyond proficiency
Krashen natural approach
language student's will emerge naturally when they are given the opportunity and need (motivation) to speak in a non -coercive/low anxiety situations.
Krashen's natural order hypothesis
grammatical structures need not be the center of curriculum organization. Certain rules are acquired before others
Krashen's stages of second language acquisition
PEPSI- preproduction, early production, speech emergence, intermediate fluency
Krashen's -the monitor
Students need to be given time to correct themselves. Teachers can be optimal (users monitor when to focus on form) overusers (refer to conscious grammer all the time) underusers do not refer to grammer at all.
This set is often in folders with...
Stages of Second Language Acquisition
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