500 terms

Kaplan GRE 500

Kaplan GRE 500
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Terms in this set (...)

abase
to humble; disgrace; to lower in rank, office, prestige, or esteem; debase; degrade
abate
to reduce in amount, degree, or severity
abdicate
to give up a position, right, or power
aberrant
straying from the right or normal way; deviating from what is normal or expected; a person whose behavior departs substantially from the standard
abeyance
temporary suppression or suspension
abjure
to reject; abandon formally
abscond
to leave secretly
abstain
to choose not to do something
abstemious
moderate in appetite
abyss
an extremely deep hole
accretion
a growth in size; increase in amount
acidulous
sour in taste or manner; sharp, caustic, moderately acid or tart
acme
highest point; summit; the highest level or degree attainable
adulterate
to corrupt, debase, or make impure by the addition of a foreign or inferior substance or element
advocate
to speak in favor of
aerie
a nest built high in the air; an elevated, often secluded, dwelling
aesthetic
concerning the appreciation of beauty
affected
phony; artificial
aggrandize
to increase in power, influence, and reputation
alacrity
speed or quickness; brisk and cheerful readiness
alleviate
to make more bearable
amalgamate
to combine; to mix together
ambiguous
doubtful or uncertain; can be interpreted several ways
ameliorate
to make better; to improve
amortize
to diminish by installment payments
amulet
ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits
anachronism
something out of place in time
analgesia
a lessening of pain without loss of consciousness
analogous
similar or alike insome way; equivalent to
anodyne
something that calms or soothes pain
anomaly
deviation from what is normal
antagonize
to act in opposition to; counteract; to annoy or provoke to anger
antipathy
extreme dislike; a natural, basic, or habitual repugnance; aversion; an instinctive contrariety or opposition in feeling;
apathy
lack of interest or emotion
apocryphal
of questionable authority or authenticity
apostate
one who renounces a religious faith
approbation
approval and praise
arbitrary
determined by chance or impulse; existing or coming about seemingly at random or by chance or as a capricious and unreasonable act of will
arbitrate
to judge a dispute between two opposing parties
archaic
ancient; old-fashioned
ardor
intense and passionate feeling; zeal; loyalty; fervor
arrogate
to claim without justification; to claim for oneself without right
articulate
able to speak clearly and expressively
assail
to attack; assault
assuage
to make something unpleasant less severe; to lessen the intensity of (something that pains or distresses) : ease
attenuate
to reduce in force or degree; weaken; tapering gradually usually to a long slender point
audacious
fearless and daring; recklessly bold in defiance of convention, propriety, law, or the like; insolent; brazen; marked by originality and verve
augury
prophecy; prediction of events
august
dignified; grandiose
austere
severe or stern in appearance; undecorated
axiom
premise; postulate; self-evident truth
banal
predictable; cliched; boring
belfry
bell tower; room in which a bell is hung
bevy
A large group of people or things of a particular kind.
bifurcate
to divide into two parts
bilk
to cheat; defraud
blight
to afflict; destroy; something that frustrates plans or hopes; a disease or injury of plants marked by the formation of lesions, withering, and death of parts (as leaves and tubers)
blithe
joyful; cheerful; or without appropriate thought
bolster
to support; prop up
bombastic
pompous in speech and manner
bonhomie
good-natured geniality; atmosphere of good cheer
boor
crude person, one lacking manners or taste
burgeon
to grow and flourish
burnish
to polish
cabal
a secret group seeking to overturn something
cacophony
harsh, jarring noise; dissonance; a discordant and meaningless mixture of sounds
calumny
a false and malicious accusation; misrepresentation
canard
a lie; a false or unfounded report or story
candid
impartial and honest in speech
capricious
changing one's mind quickly and often; impulsive; unpredictable
cartography
science or art of making maps
castigate
to punish or criticize harshly
catalyst
something that brings about a change in something else
catholic
universal, broad and comprehensive
caustic
biting in wit; capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action
chaos
great disorder or confused situation
chauvinist
someone prejudiced in favor of a group to which he or she belongs
chicanery
deception by means of craft or guile; deception by artful subterfuge or sophistry
circumspect
cautious; aware of potential consequences
cloying
sickly sweet; excessive
coalesce
to grow together to form a single whole
coffer
strongbox; large chest for money
cogent
convincing and well-reasoned
collusion
collaboration; complicity; conspiracy
condone
to overlook, pardon, or disregard
connoisseur
a person with expert knowledge or discriminating tastes
contrite
deeply sorrowful and repentant for a wrong
contumacious
rebellious; stubbornly disobedient
convoluted
intricate and complicated
corroborate
to support with evidence or authority; make more certain
cosset
to pamper; treat with great care
coterie
an intimate group of persons with a similar purpose
craven
lacking courage; pusillanimous
credulous
too trusting; gullible
crescendo
steadily increasing in volume or force
cupidity
greed; strong desire
curmudgeon
cranky person, usually old
debutante
young woman making debut in high society
declivity
downward slope
decorous
proper; tasteful; socially correct
decorum
appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety
deface
to mar the appearance of; vandalize
deference
respect; courtesy
deleterious
subtly or unexpectedly harmful
demagogue
a leader or rabble-rouser, usually appealing to emotion or prejudice
demur
to express doubts or objections
deride
to speak of or treat with contempt; to mock
desiccate
to dry out thoroughly
desultory
jumping from one thing to another; disconnected
diaphanous
allowing light to show through; delicate; characterized by such fineness of texture as to permit seeing through; characterized by extreme delicacy of form; ethereal; insubstantial
diatribe
an abusive, condemnatory speech; ironic or satirical criticism
dictum
authoritative statement, judicial assertion or pronouncement; fiat; saying or maxim
diffident
lacking self-confidence
dilate
to make larger; expand
dilatory
intended to delay
dilettante
someone with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic
dirge
a song or hymn of grief or lamentation; a slow, solemn, and mournful piece of music;
disabuse
to set right; free from error
discern
to perceive or recognize
disparate
fundamentally different; entirely unlike
dissemble
to present a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions or character
dissonance
a harsh and disagreeable combination, especially of sounds; cacophony
distaff
the female branch of a family
distend
to swell, inflate, or bloat
dither
to act confusedly, irresolutely or without clear purpose; vacillate; shiver; tremble; vibration; a state of flustered excitement or fear
diurnal
existing during the day
divine
to foretell or know by inspiration
doctrinaire
rigidly devoted to theories without regard for practicality; dogmatic
dogma
a firmly held opinion, especially a religious belief
dogmatic
dictatorial in one's opinions
droll
amusing in a wry, subtle way
dupe
to deceive; a person who is easily deceived
dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; gloomy and irritable
ebullient
exhilarated; full of enthusiasm and high spirits; boiling; agitated
eclectic
selecting from or made up from a variety of sources
edify
to instruct morally and spiritually
efficacy
effectiveness
effigy
stuffed doll; likeness of a person
effrontery
impudent boldness; barefaced audacity; insolence
elegy
a sorrowful poem or speech
eloquent
persuasive and moving, especially in speech
embellish
to add ornamental or fictitious details
emulate
to copy; to try to equal or excel
encomium
glowing and warmly enthusiastic praise
endemic
belonging to a particular area; inherent
enervate
to reduce in strength
engender
to produce, cause, or bring about
enigma
a puzzle; a mystery
enumerate
to count, list, or itemize
ephemeral
lasting a short time
epicure
person with refined taste in food and wine
equivocate
to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead
erratic
having no certain or definite course; wandering and unpredictable; eccentric; queer
ersatz
fake; being a usually artificial and inferior substitute or imitation
erudite
learned; scholarly; bookish
eschew
to shun; to avoid (as something wrong or distasteful)
esoteric
known or understood only by a few; recondite
estimable
admirable; worthy of esteem; capable of being estimated
ethos
the fundamental character or spirit of a culture; the underlying sentiment that informs the beliefs, customs, or practices of a group or society; the moral element in dramatic literature that determines a character's action rather than his or her thought or emotion.
eulogy
speech in praise of someone
euphemism
use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one
euphony
pleasant, harmonious sound
exacerbate
to make worse
exculpate
to clear from blame; prove innocent
exigent
urgent; requiring immediate action
exonerate
to clear of blame; exculpate; to relieve of a responsibility, obligation, or hardship
explicit
clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression
exponent
one who champions or advocates
expurgate
to censor
fallow
dormant; unused; cultivated land that is allowed to lie idle during the growing season; of a light yellowish-brown color
fanatical
acting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme, unquestioned devotion
fatuous
stupid; foolishly self-satisfied
fawn
to grovel; to court favor by a cringing or flattering manner; to show affection —used especially of a dog
fecund
fertile; fruitful; productive
fervid
intensely emotional; feverish; very hot, burning, heated or vehement in spirit, enthusiasm
fetid
foul-smelling; putrid
flag
to decline in vigor; strength; or interest
florid
excessively decorated or embellished; flowery; ornate; tinged with red, ruddy; marked by emotional or sexual fervor
foment
to arouse or incite; rouse
ford
to cross a body of water by wading
forestall
to prevent or delay; anticipate
fortuitous
happening by chance; lucky
fractious
unruly; rebellious
frenetic
frantic; frenzied
frugality
tending to be thrifty or cheap
furtive
secret; stealthy
gambol
to dance or skip around playfully
garner
to gather and store
garrulous
tending to talk a lot; given to being prosy, rambling, or tedious (in conversation); pointlessly or annoyingly talkative
gestation
growth process from conception to birth
glib
fluent in an insincere manner; offhand; casual; informal; showing little forethought or preparation
glower
to glare or stare angrily and intensely
gradation
process occurring by regular degrees or stages; variation in color
gregarious
outgoing; sociable; growing in a cluster or a colony
grievous
causing grief or sorrow; serious and distressing
grovel
to humble oneself in a demeaning way; to give oneself over to what is base or unworthy; wallow
guile
cunning; duplicity; deceit; trickery
gullible
easily deceived
hapless
unfortunate; having bad luck
hegemony
the domination of one state or group over its allies
hermetic
tightly sealed; airtight; impervious to external influence; relating to or characterized by occultism or abstruseness; recondite
heterogeneous
composed of unlike parts; different; diverse
hoary
very old; whitish or gray from age
homogeneous
of a similar kind
husband
to manage economically; to use sparingly; stint
hyperbole
purposeful exaggeration for effect
iconoclast
one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions
idiosyncrasy
peculiarity of constitution or temperament; eccentricity
ignoble
having low moral standards; not noble in character; characterized by baseness, lowness, or meanness; of low birth or common origin
imbue
to infuse, dye, wet, or moisten
impasse
blocked path; dilemma with no solution
impecunious
poor; having no money
imperturbable
not capable of being disturbed
impervious
impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected
impetuous
quick to act without thinking; marked by impulsive vehemence or passion
impious
not devout in religion
implacable
unable to be calmed down or made peaceful
imprecation
a curse; malediction; execration
impugn
to assail by words or arguments; oppose or attack as false or lacking integrity; to call into question; cast doubt upon
incarnadine
blood-red in color
inchoate
not fully formed; disorganized
inculcate
to teach; impress in the mind
indolent
habitually lazy or idle
inexorable
inflexible; unyielding; not to be persuaded, moved, or stopped
ingenuous
showing innocence or childlike simplicity
ingrate
ungrateful person
ingratiate
to gain favor with another by deliberate effort; to seek to please somebody so as to gain an advantage
inimical
hostile; unfriendly; adverse in tendency or effect; unfavorable; harmful
iniquity
sin; evil act; gross injustice
innocuous
harmless
inquest
an investigation; an inquiry
insipid
lacking interest or flavor
insurrection
rebellion; an act or instance of revolting against civil authority or an established government
inter
to bury
interregnum
period between reigns
intractable
not easily managed or manipulated
intransigent
uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled
latent
potential that is not readily apparent
laud
to give praise; to glorify
lavish
extremely generous or extravagant; giving unsparingly
leery
suspicious
languid
lacking energy; indifferent; sluggish in character or disposition
lapidary
relating to precious stones or the art of cutting them
larceny
theft of property
largesse
generous giving (as of money) to others who may seem inferior; generosity
lassitude
a state of diminished energy
legerdemain
trickery; sleight of hand; a display of skill or adroitness
lethargic
acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner
levity
an inappropriate lack of seriousness; overly casual
liberal
tolerant or broad-minded; generous or lavish
libertine
a free thinker, usually used disparagingly; one without moral restraint
intrepid
fearless; resolutely courageous
inundate
to overwhelm; to cover with water
inure
to harden; accustom; become used to
invective
abusive language
investiture
ceremony conferring authority
invidious
envious, obnoxious, or offensive, likely to promote ill-will
irascible
easily made angry
itinerant
wandering from place to place; unsettled
jargon
nonsensical talk; specialized language
jettison
to discard; to get rid of as unnecessary or encumbering
jingoism
belligerent support of one's country
jocular
playful; humorous
judicious
sensible; showing good judgement
juncture
point of time, especially where two things are joined
keen
having a sharp edge; intellectually sharp; perceptive
kindle
to set fire to or ignite; excite or inspire
kinetic
relating to motion; characterized by movement
knell
sound of a funeral bell; omen of death or failure
kudos
fame, glory, or honor
lachrymose
tearful
laconic
using few words; terse; succinct; concise to the point of seeming rude or mysterious
lament
to express sorrow; to grieve
lampoon
to ridicule with satire
licentious
immoral; unrestrained by society; sexually unrestrained; lascivious; libertine; lewd.
limpid
transparent; clear and simple in style; absolutely serene and untroubled
lionize
to treat as a celebrity
lissome
easily flexed; limber; agile; thin; supple; graceful; nimble
listless
lacking energy and enthusiasm; characterized by lack of interest, energy, or spirit
livid
discolored from a bruise; pale; reddened with anger
loquacious
talkative; given to fluent or excessive talk; garrulous
lucid
clear and easily understood; intelligible; suffused with light; luminous; translucent; pellucid; sane, rational
lugubrious
sorrowful; mournful; dismal
lumber
to move slowly and awkwardly
luminous
bright; brilliant; glowing
machination
plot or scheme
maelstrom
whirlpool; turmoil; agitated state of mind
magnate
powerful or influential person
malediction
a curse; execration; imprecation; a wish of evil upon another; slander
malinger
to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill
malleable
capable of being shaped; capable of being altered or controlled by outside forces or influences
mannered
artificial or stilted in character
mar
to damage or deface; spoil
martinet
strict disciplinarian; one who rigidly follows rules
maudlin
overly sentimental
mendacious
dishonest
mendicant
beggar
mercurial
quick, shrewd, and unpredictable
meretricious
gaudy; tawdrily and falsely attractive; superficially significant; of or relating to a prostitute
metaphor
figure of speech comparing two different things
meticulous
extremely careful; fastidious; painstaking
militate
to operate against; work against; to have weight or effect
mirth
frivolity; gaiety; laughter
misanthrope
a person who dislikes others
missive
a written note or letter
mitigate
to soften; to lessen
mollify
to soothe in temper or disposition; to calm or make less severe
molt
to shed hair, skin, or an outer layer periodically
monastic
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an extremely plain, secluded, dedicated, or austere manner of living.
monotony
no variation; tediously the same
mores
fixed customs or manners; moral attitudes; the fixed morally binding customs of a particular group; folkways of central importance accepted without question and embodying the fundamental moral views of a group.
multifarious
diverse; manifold
myopic
lacking foresight; having a narrow view or long-range perspective
nadir
lowest point
naive
lacking sophistication or experience
nascent
starting to develop; coming into existence
neologism
new word or expression
neophyte
novice; beginner; a person newly converted to a belief, as a heathen, heretic, or nonbeliever; proselyte
nettle
to irritate
noisome
stinking; putrid; highly obnoxious or objectionable
nominal
existing in name only; negligible
nuance
a subtle expression of meaning or quality
numismatics
coin collecting
obdurate
hardened in feeling; resistant to persuasion; stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing
oblique
indirect or evasive; misleading or devious
obsequious
overly submissive and eager to please
obstinate
stubborn; unyielding
obviate
to prevent; to make unnecessary
occlude
to stop up; prevent the passage of
officious
too helpful; meddlesome
onerous
troublesome and oppressive; burdensome
opaque
impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light
opine
to express an opinion
opprobrium
public disgrace
orotund
pompous
ossify
to change into bone; to become hardened or set in a rigidly conventional pattern
ostensible
apparent; seeming
ostentation
excessive showiness
overwrought
agitated; overdone
palatial
relating to a palace; magnificent
palliate
to make less serious; ease; to cover by excuses and apologies
pallid
lacking color or liveliness
panache
flamboyance or dash in style and action; verve
panegyric
elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise
panoply
impressive array
paradox
a contradiction or dilemma
paragon
model of excellence or perfection
pare
to trim off excess; reduce
pariah
an outcast
parley
discussion, usually between enemies
parry
to ward off or deflect, especially by a quickwitted answer
pastiche
piece of literature or music imitating other works
pathogenic
causing disease
peccadillo
minor sin or offense
pedant
someone who shows off learning
pejorative
having bad connotations; disparaging
penury
an oppressive lack of resources (as money); severe poverty
peregrinate
to wander from place to place; to travel; especially on foot
perfidious
willing to betray one's trust; deceitful and untrustworthy
perfunctory
done in a routine way; indifferent
peripatetic
wandering from place to place, especially on foot; Aristotelian
permeate
to penetrate
perspicacious
shrewd, astute, or keen-witted
pervade
to be present throughout; to permeate
phalanx
a compact or close-knit body of people, animals, or things
philanthropy
charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness
philistine
a person who is guided by materialism and is disdainful of intellectual or artistic values
phlegmatic
calm and unemotional in temperament
pithy
profound or substantial yet concise, succinct and to the point
placate
to soothe or pacify
plastic
able to be molded, altered, or bent; adaptable or tractable
plebeian
crude or coarse; characteristic of commoners
plethora
excess; superfluity; profusion; abundance
plucky
courageous; spunky
polemic
controversy; argument; verbal attack; an aggressive attack on or refutation of the opinions or principles of another
politic
shrewd and practical in managing or dealing with things; diplomatic
polyglot
a speaker of many languages
posit
to assume as real or conceded; propose as an explanation
potentate
a monarch or ruler with great power
pragmatic
practical, as opposed to idealistic
prattle
meaningless, foolish talk
precipitate
to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation
precis
short summary of facts
prescient
having foresight
prevaricate
to lie or deviate from the truth
pristine
fresh and clean; uncorrupted
probity
complete honesty and integrity
proclivity
an inclination or predisposition toward something; especially: a strong inherent inclination toward something objectionable; propensity
prodigal
lavish; wasteful; spendthrift
profligate
corrupt; degenerate; wildly extravagant; completely given up to dissipation and licentiousness
proliferate
to increase in number quickly
propitiate
to conciliate; to appease; to gain or regain the favor or goodwill of
propriety
the quality of behaving in a proper manner; obeying rules and customs; decorum
prudence
wisdom, caution, or restraint
puerile
childish, immature, or silly
pugilism
boxing
pulchritude
beauty
pungent
sharp and irritating to the senses
pusillanimous
lacking courage or resolution; cowardly; faint-hearted; timid; craven
querulous
inclined to complain; irritable
quiescent
marked by inactivity or repose; tranquilly at rest; causing no trouble or symptoms; motionless
quixotic
overly idealistic; impractical
quotidian
occurring daily; commonplace
raconteur
witty, skillful storyteller
rarefy
to make thinner or sparser
redress
relief from wrong or injury
rejoinder
response; reply
repast
meal or mealtime
replete
abundantly supplied, complete
repose
to lay at rest; relaxation; leisure
repudiate
to reject the validity of
requite
to return or repay
restive
impatient, uneasy, or restless; fidgety; stubbornly resisting control; refractory; balky
reticent
silent; reserved
rhetoric
effective writing or speaking
ribald
humorous in a vulgar way
rococo
very highly ornamented; relating to an 18th century artistic style of elaborate ornamentation
rustic
rural
sacrosanct
extremely sacred; beyond criticism
sagacious
shrewd; wise
salient
prominent; of notable significance; projecting or pointing outward
salubrious
healthful
sanguine
reddish, ruddy; cheerfully optimistic; confident; blood-red; consisting of or related to blood; bloodthirsty; sanguinary
sardonic
cynical; scornfully mocking
satiate
to satisfy fully or overindulge
scintilla
trace amount
sedition
behavior that promotes rebellion or civil disorder against the state
sentient
aware; conscious; able to perceive
seraphic
angelic; sweet
sinecure
a well-paying job or office that requires little or no work
slake
to calm down or moderate; to satisfy (a craving); quench
sobriquet
nickname
solecism
grammatical mistake; blunder in speech
soporific
causing sleep or lethargy
spartan
highly self-disciplined; frugal; austere
specious
deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious
sportive
frolicsome; playful
stasis
a state of static balance or equilibrium; stagnation
stentorian
extremely loud
stigma
a mark of shame or discredit
stolid
unemotional; lacking sensitivity; impassive
stratagem
trick designed to deceive an enemy
sublime
elevated or lofty in thought, language, etc; impressing the mind with a sense of grandeur or power
sully
to tarnish; taint
supplant
to replace (another) by force; to take the place of
surfeit
excessive amount; overabundant supply; an intemperate or immoderate indulgence in something; disgust caused by excess
surly
rude and bad-tempered
sybarite
a person devoted to pleasure and luxury
sycophant
a self-serving flatterer; yes-man
symbiosis
cooperation; mutual helpfulness
syncopation
temporary irregularity in musical rhythm
tacit
done without using words
taciturn
silent; not talkative
talon
claw of an animal, especially a bird of prey
tangential
digressing; diverting
tawdry
gaudy, cheap, or showy
terrestrial
earthly; down to earth; commonplace
tirade
long, harsh speech or verbal attack; a protracted speech usually marked by intemperate, vituperative, or harshly censorious language; a passage dealing with a single theme or idea, as in poetry
toady
one who flatters in the hope of gaining favors; sycophant; an obsequious flatterer
tome
book, usually large and academic
torpor
extreme mental and physical sluggishness
transitory
tending to pass away : not persistent; temporary; lasting a brief time
trenchant
acute, sharp, or incisive; forceful; effective
turgid
swollen as from a fluid; bloated; excessively embellished in style or language
tyro
beginner; novice; neophyte
umbrage
offense; resentment
unconscionable
unscrupulous; shockingly unfair or unjust
unequivocal
absolute; certain
upbraid
to scold sharply; to criticize severely; to reproach severely; censure
usury
the practice of lending money at exorbitant rates
vacillate
to physically sway or to be indecisive; waver; totter; stagger; to oscillate or fluctuate
variegated
varied; marked with different colors
venerable
respected because of age
venerate
to respect deeply
veracity
filled with truth and accuracy
verbose
wordy
verdant
green with vegetation; inexperienced
vernal
related to spring; fresh
vestige
a trace; remnant
vex
to annoy; irritate; puzzle; confuse
vicissitude
a change or variation; ups and downs; a favorable or unfavorable event or situation that occurs by chance
vim
vitality and energy
viscous
thick and adhesive, like a slow-flowing fluid
vituperate
to abuse verbally; berate
volatile
easily aroused or changeable; lively or explosive
voluble
easily rolling or turning; talkative; speaking easily; glib; characterized by ready or rapid speech
wan
sickly pale
wanton
undisciplined; unrestrained; reckless
waver
to fluctuate between choices
whimsical
lightly acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable
wily
clever; deceptive
winsome
charming; happily engaging
wizened
shriveled; withered; wrinkled; often as a result of aging or of failing vitality
wraith
a ghost or specter; a ghost of a living person seen just before his or her death
xenophobia
a fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers
yoke
to join together; an agency of oppression, subjection, servitude, etc; bondage
zeal
eagerness and ardent interest in pursuit of something, fervor; passion; excitement; eager desire or endeavor; enthusiastic diligence; ardor.
zealot
someone passionately devoted to a cause
zenith
the point of culmination; peak
zephyr
a gentle breeze; something airy or unsubstantial
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