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Nursing 204 Final Exam
Terms in this set (110)
after meals; post cibum
through or by; per
by mouth; per os
when required, as needed; pro re nata
*qd (every day or quaque die) and qod (every other day) are often mistaken for each other. Write out "daily" and "every other day".
*qh (every hour or quaque hora) is easily misread or misunderstood. Write out "every hour".
every 2 hours
every 3 hours
q4h (...and so on for every possible interval)
every 4 hours
*qhs (every night at bed time) can be mistaken for every hour.
Write out "every hour at bedtime".
4 times a day during waking hours. EX: 9am-1pm-5pm-9pm; quarter in die
sufficient quantity; quantum satis
take thou; recipe
s (or "s" with a line above it)
S or Sig
write (on label); signs
*SC or SQ (subcutaneously) can be mistaken for SL (sublingual) or 5 every.
Write out sub-Q, subs, or subcutaneously.
beneath tongue; sub linguam
if necessary (once); se opus sit
ss (or ss with a line above it)
one half; semis
3 times a day during waking hours. EX: 9am-1pm-6pm; ter in die
3 times a night; ter in nocte
*TIW (3 times a week) is mistaken for times a day or 2 times a week.
Write "3 times weekly".
temperature, pulse, and respiration
tr or tinct
*U ("Unit") can be read as a 0 or 4, causing a 10-fold or greater overdose (4U seen as 40, 4U seen as 44). IU (international unit) is misread as IV or as 10,
so write out both ("unit" and "international unit".
Other that are easily misread:
1. Avoid zeroes AFTER decimal point- if the decimal is not seen, 10 times the does might be given
2. Always use a zero BEFORE the decimal point in case decimal point is not seen.
1:100=1 part/100 parts=
1 percent= 1%
0.1 percent= 0.1%
0.01 percent= 0.01%
If 1 gram and 1 milliliter are each considered "1 part," then solution of 1 gram in 100 milliliters would be a 1% solution;
1 gram in 1,000 milliliters is a 0.1% solution; etc.
Most suffixes are in common use in English, but a few are peculiar to medicine. The suffixes most commonly used to indicate disease are
-itis, -oma, -osis,
-itis, meaning inflammation;
-oma, meaning tumor;
-osis, meaning condition, usually morbid.
A gastrocele, then, is a protrusion or __________ of the stomach.
A word we are all familiar with is leukemia, which is an abnormal amount of immature white blood cells. Hypoglycemia is a low amount of sugar in the __________.
Angiectasis, then, is abnormal __________ of a blood vessel.
Nephrolithiasis, therefore, is a __________ of stones in the kidney.
condition,formation of, or presence of is
Encephalitis, then, is __________ of the brain.
Therefore, chondromalacia is __________ of the cartilage.
The stems for liver and spleen, as you will recall, are hepato and spleno. Hepatosplenomegaly, then, is __________ of the liver and spleen.
The stem for artery, as you will recall, is arterio. Arteriosclerosis, then, is __________ of the arteries.
Thus a lipoma is a fatty __________.
Dermatophytosis, then, is a __________ of fungus of the skin.
condition or disease is
Thus, neuropathy is a __________ of the nerves.
The stem for eyelid, as you will recall, is blepharo. Therefore, a blepharoptosis is a __________ __________of the eyelid.
prolapse or downward displacement is
Cardiiiorrhexis, then, is a __________ of the heart.
The medical term for excessive __________, then, is hypertrophy.
growth or nourishment
Hydrophobia, then, is a __________ of water.
-cele means: __________
hernia, protrusion, tumor
-emia means: __________
in the blood
-ectasis means: __________
dilation, dilatation, or expansion
-iasis means: __________
condition, formation of, presence of
-itis means: __________
-malacia means: __________
-megaly means: __________
-sclerosis means: __________
-oma means: __________
-osis means: __________
-pathy means: __________
-ptosis means: __________
-rrhexis means: __________
-trophy means: __________
-phobia means: __________
The stem, salpingo, means tube, and the stem, oophoro, means ovary. A salpingo-oophorectomy, therefore, is the __________ or __________ of tubes and ovaries.
removal or excision
The stem cholecysto, as you recall, means gallbladder. Removal or excision of the gallbladder, therefore, is called a __________.
A bronchoscopy, then is an __________ of the bronchi.
Therefore, a colostomy is an __________ into the colon.
A laparotomy, then, is an __________ in the abdominal wall.
Arthrodesis, then, is the medical term for surgical __________/__________ of a joint.
An orchiopexy is __________ of an undescended testis.
Tympano, as you recall, is the stem for eardrum. Tympanoplasty, then, is the term for __________ __________ of the eardrum.
Arthrocentesis, therefore, means __________ of a joint for the removal of fluid.
Neurorraphy is the medical term for __________ __________ of the nerve.
-ectomy means: __________
-scopy means: __________
-stomy means: __________
artificial opening into
-tomy means: __________
-desis means: __________
-pexy means: __________
-plasty means: __________
-centesis means: __________
-rrhaphy means: __________
Dentalgia, then, is the medical term for a __________ in the tooth.
Pyo, as you recall, is the stem for pus. Pyogenic, then, is the term for __________ pus.
Hemolysis, therefore, means the __________ of red blood cells.
destruction or breakdown
Thus, hemorrhage is a term meaning __________ of blood.
Diarrhea is the medical term for __________ __________ of the bowel.
excessive discharge or flow
Erythropenia means a __________ of red blood cells.
The medical term myospasm, then, means an __________ __________ of the muscle.
Cardiovascular, for example, means __________ __________ the heart and vessels.
Here's another example: Intercostal means __________ __________ between the ribs.
Otoscopic means __________ __________ an examination of the ear.
Finally, cardiac means __________ __________ the heart.
-algia means: __________
-genic means: __________
-lysis means: __________
-rrhagia means: __________
-rrhea means: __________
-penia means: __________
-ic, -ac, -al, and -ar mean: __________
-spasm means: __________
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