What is Aristotle's book in the form of? (dialogue, notes....)
From what lineage is Aristotle from?
What was Aristotle always considered to be?
What did field did Aristotle start?
Who did Aristotle teach?
Alexander the Great
What did Aristotle create?
School of his own
What did Aristotle believe?
Everything aims for the good
Explain Aristotle's statement "Everything aims at the good".
everything has its own place and purpose
What did Socrates and Plato believe the Universe was created by?
What did Socrates and Plato believe the soul was?
What did Socrates and Plato believe about virtue?
it is natural
What was the name Aristotle gave to God?
What did Aristotle believe the Universe was created by?
not created simply exists
What did Aristotle believe the highest part of the soul was?
In Aristotle's Point of View was virtue natural or unnatural?
What was Aristotles mode of expression?
Thematic Presentation Dialectic
What did Epicurus believe about the universe?
coming to be and the passing away of the universe
What did Epicurus believe the God made up of?
What did Epicurus believe was the highest part of the soul?
What did Epicurus believe was the most important virtue?
What are Aristotle's 4 Substances of the Universe?
Immovable Substance Sensible imperishable substance Sensible Perishable substance Final Cause
List a few features of the Prime Mover?
immaterial immortal eternal non-spatial non-temporal grand intuition immutable pure form pure good
What is Sensible Substance composed of?
What is matter composed of?
earth fire wind water
What are the 3 parts of matter?
Matter Privation Form
Describe Sensible Perishable substance.
Changes over time
What are the 4 types of change?
movement qualitative Quantitative Substantive
What are 2 subdivisions of change?
What is Artificial Change affected by?
What is natural change affected by?
What are the 4 causes without which change would not be said to occur?
Material Formal Efficient Final
Greek word for Material Cause
Describe Material cause
nothing more than matter
Greek word for Formal Cause
Describe Formal Cause
form or shape of a thing
Greek word for Efficient cause
Describe Efficient Cause
causative agent of change
What are 2 types of Causative Energy of Change? (Efficient Cause)
Describe Internal Causative energy of change.
can be alive all things equal motivated from within purposiveness according to quantum being
Greek Word for Final Cause
Describe Final Cause
all things aim for End
What did the Prime Mover not create?
The universe moves in perfect....
Each planet and star has a ...
beautiful comportment of the heavenly bodies
What kind of intuition does the Prime Mover have?
What does Aristotle believe is the master art?
Why is Politics the master art?
looks for good of whole community
What type of people should study Aristotle?
Judges those who regulate their desires and actions
What type of people should not study Aristotle?
What did Aristotle Seek to understand?
Highest good attainable by action
Happiness/ well being
What does absolute good bring according to Aristotle?
What sort of life is one of Eudaimonia?
life of pleasure political life contemplative life
Refer to page 6 in notes for Procedure graph
irrational movements of the soul
Happiness comes from knowing what?
Wealth is simply a means to what?
What is the Highest level of soul for Humans?
2 parts of Rational Faculty
Reason Proper Conscience
Highest level of soul for animals
Sensitive Faculty of Soul
Lowest level of soul
Vegetative Faculty of Soul
Refer to page 7 in notes for Levels of soul chart
Greek word for theoretical knowledge
define Theoretical knowledge
culmination of knowledge found in reason proper
Greek word for Practical Knowledge
Define Practical Knowledge
focus on ethics/ moral conduct
Greek word for Productive Knowledge
Define Productive knowledge
means to making something useful or beautiful
virtue of Reason Proper
Virtue of Conscience
where one acts using practical or ethical knowledge
What did Aristotle seek?
to find a means to an end
What did Aristotle want a human being to be?
What is Aristotles definition of happiness
define Eudaimonia according to Aristotle
is an activity of the soul in accordance with highest form [perfect] virtue in a complete life
What must Reason proper be exercised with?
Give Aristotle's definition of Moral Virtue
Reflects the excellences of the mind/ excellences of character
Refer to bottom of page 9, top of 10
4 Aspects of Thematic Expression of Aristotle
Premise Purpose Practical Knowledge Procedure
Gathering of a large body of knowledge and breaking it down and reattaching information to new information creating your own perspective
all things aim for good
why all things aim for good
define practical knowledge
Aristotle's final definition of Moral Virtue
A state of character concerned with choice that choice which lies in a mean that is to say, a mean relative to us, that mean being determined by a Rational Principle , that rational principle having been discovered by a person of practical knowledge
Moral virtue is a state of...
Who is epicurus?
Who did Epicurus study under?
What did Epicurus establish in 2 places?
Who did Epicurus allow to study philosophy?
Who's POV did Epicurus adopt
harmonious state of the soul
Look at page 12 for chart
3 basic principles that undergird morality ( Ataraxia)
easily sated natural and necessary desires choose to avoid natural but unnecessary desires avoid fulfilling unnatural and unnecessary desires
2 Parts of Psychological Calm
Fear of Death Fear of the Gods
Define Fear of death
where death is we are not when death comes we do not exist
Define Fear of the Gods
atomistic theory gods are made up of atoms gods have nothing to do with us
Define Environmental Calm
Every human being has to have a time for leisure
to be obsessed with the fulfillment of the desires of the senses
What does Profligate provide freedom from
pain of body, lust
What does Epicurus believe the greatest good is
Living the pleasurable life is materially equivalent to...