15 terms

Vocabulary #10

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James K. Polk
President who acquired majority of the western US (Mexican Cession, Texas Annexation, Oregon Country), lowered tariffs, created Independent Treasury
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Supreme Court decision which stated that slaves were property, African Americans were not citizens, and that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional
Manifest Destiny
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent.
Annex/Annexation
Incorporating a territory within the domain of a country.
Mexican-American War
President Polk declared war on Mexico over the dispute of land in Texas. At the end, American ended up with 55% of Mexico's land.
Mexican Cession
Land ceded by Mexico as a result of the Mexican war; contained the southwest portion of the U.S.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Novel published by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 that showed slavery as brutal and immoral
Abolition/Abolitionist
People who strongly wanted to get rid of slavery
Underground Railroad
A network of people who helped thousands of enslaved people escape to the North by providing transportation and hiding places
Harriet Tubman
American abolitionist who escaped slavery and assisted other enslaved Africans to escape; she is the most famous Underground Railroad conductor
Frederick Douglass
An African-American social reformer, abolitionist, speaker, writer, and statesman
Sojourner Truth
New York free black woman who fought for emancipation and women's rights
John Brown
Abolitionist who led a violent raid against a proslavery settlement in Kansas and later led a raid at the armory in Harper's Ferry
William Lloyd Garrison
Leading white abolitionist, created abolitionist newspaper "Liberator"
Compromise of 1850
This stated that California would enter as a free state, created a Fugitive Slave Act, and Popular Sovereignty for Utah and New Mexico territories
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