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HIST 1001 FINAL MC & MATCHING
Terms in this set (75)
What caused the collapse of the Byzantine economy after 700?
the collapse of trade routes
The innovation of military districts or themes was a sign of ____________.
the military revival of the Byzantine Empire
What was the core theme of the poem Giggles Akritas?
the militarization of life on the Muslim-Christian frontier
One outcome of the iconoclasm controversy was _____________.
a growing division between Latin and Greek churches
The Macedonian dynasty was successful in promoting Byzantine stability because they adopted the practice of ______________.
Why did the theme system decline after 1000 CE?
the decline of small farmers
In the seventh century, both Sunnis and Shi'ites agreed that rulers of Islam should be _____________.
The Battle of Siffin was important because it __________.
deepened the split between the Sunnis and the Shi'ites
The Arabian Nights and al-Kindi are both examples of what development?
the transmission of past cultures
The five Pillars of Islam have an important influence in _________________.
maintaining ties among Muslims
In practical terms, the idea of "Peoples of the Book" translates to ___________.
Muslim acceptance of Jews and Christians in their world
Before the rise of Islam, what best describes Arab society?
The life of the prophet Muhammad foreshadowed which elements of Islam in the future?
the fusion of secular and religious authority
What innovation helped to contribute to the decline in the Roman road network?
the camel caravan
The Umayyad rulers largely __________ earlier Byzantine and Persian institutions.
The wergild and Salic Law represent what broader notion of Germanic society?
the importance of kinship and blood relations in society
When Gregory the Great said "Don't tear down their temples, put a cross on the roofs", what did he mean?
make compromises with polytheistic religions
How did German inheritance law differ from Roman law?
it diminished female inheritance
The Book of Kells illustrates _________.
the blending of Irish and Christian culture
The "marches" in Charlemagne's kingdom were _____________.
The development of minuscule is a sign of ____________.
a rebirth of literacy
A major weakness of the system of personal loyalties that were part of the German inheritance in Europe is that such ties were ______________.
The most likely reason that Charlemagne copied Constantine's coronation is that ____________.
it was the only model available to him
Compared to the Carolingian Renaissance, the Ottoman Renaissance was much more influenced by _________.
Christian conversion was especially beneficial to ___________.
In medieval jurisprudence, courts put more faith in _____________ than ___________.
Primogeniture (passing landed estates onto male heirs) and growing population pesssures were causes of ____________.
The Poem of My Cid and the Song of Roland are examples of ___________.
the enduring legacy of medieval Muslim-Christian borderlands
Which policies profited the most from the Crusades?
the Italian city-states
Before the Fall of Jerusalem in 1099, Jerusalem could best be described as ____________.
a religiously plural city
The Champagne fairs were important because they _______________.
tied together Mediterranean nd North Sea trade
The carruca, or heavy plow, altered peasants' lives because _____________.
it required farmers to pool their animals
What was the key difference between a serf and a freeholder?
Freeholders owned their land outright.
The Agricultural Revolution resulted in _____________.
a significant increase in Europe's population
Primary schools were invented in the Italian cities in order to ____________.
train merchants' sons to be successful businessmen
Unlike Boniface VII was focused on ___________.
The Cathars (or Albegensians) were _______________.
What was the center of much of Christian worship during the Middle Ages?
Arguably, the most profound and far-reaching consequences of the investiture struggle was the ______________.
notion of separate religious and secular spheres
The papal bull Unum Sanctum was a example of _____________.
the secular objectives of the papacy undermining its spiritual mission
The baillis, or paid professional royal officials, were a sign of ______________.
The sheriffs and circuit courts were related in that both were _____________.
expressions of royal power
The growing of influence of the cathedral schools can be seen as a step in the direction of a more _____________ education.
Magna Carta can be said to have ___________.
affirmed the legal rights of parts of society
Avverroes, Moses Maimonides, and St. Thomas Aquinas all dealt with the essential problem of ___________.
reconciling ancient philosophy with the principles of faith
The Piston Book of the Dead and Francesco Traini's fresco The Triumph of Death in Pisa represent what fourteenth-century event?
the Black Death
How did Tamerlane's conquests differ from those of Genghis Khan?
Tamerlane largely destroyed the Silk Road.
The impact of the "Little Ice Age" differed from that of the Black Death because the cold spell __________.
shortened the growing season
In its first centuries, the Ottoman Empire essentially _______________.
replaced the Byzantine Empire
How would you describe the effects of the fourteenth century depression in eastern and western Europe?
Eastern Europe fared better than western Europe.
Which of these was most closely tied to the economic depression of the fourteenth century?
the Ciompi revolt
The English victories during the Hundred Years' War were primarily due to the use of _______________.
The Statues of Kilkenny of 1366 were and early sign of ___________ in Europe.
growing national identities
The Conciliar Movement attempted to resolve what dispute within the Church?
the Great Schism
William of Ockham's Dialogus opposed what policy of the pope?
papal interference in secular authority
The Brothers of the Common Life closely resembled what other religious institution?
Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy and Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales were based around the common theme of ___________.
It is most surprising that the French won the Hundred Years' War because _______________.
the English won most of the major battles
Heretics and Jews were both persecuted during the fourteenth century because both were viewed as ____________.
Christine de Pisan and Joan of Arc both ___________.
championed the cause of women in a male-dominated society
While Brunelleschi studied Rome for its architecture, Marsilius of Padua studied it for its ________________.
How should we see Isabella d'Este in relation to other women living in Renaissance cities?
Isabella was not representative of most women's lives
Which of these were opposing trends in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries?
republicanism and the early modern state system
Venice can be said to have had a more ___________ government than Florence.
The Venetians claimed descent from the ______________.
Philology was an appropriate study for the humanists because it _____________.
focused on the study of classical writings
How did Petrarch's discovery of Cicero's letters make him reconsider the legacy of the Romans?
He found Cicero mortal and imperfect
The educational agenda of the humanists aimed to ____________.
train well-rounded critical thinkers
Renaissance painters and sculptors attempted to fuse ______________.
idealism with naturalism
____________was/were a primary means by which the Renaissance was spread from Italy to the rest of Europe.
Warfare and invasion
The work of Francesco Guicciardini represented a new direction in historical writing because he ___________.
viewed human causation as primary
Which of these strengthened the system marked by resident ambassadors?
What/who stood in the way of European monarchs' tax revenues?
communities, assemblies, and the aristocracy
In comparison to France and Spain, England was _____________.
an economically backward country
Machiavelli's The Prince established the notion of _____________ in European political thought.
the ends justify the means
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