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Chapter 25 - Local Government and Finance
Chapter 25 Vocab
Terms in this set (25)
A major unit of local government in most States.
A subdivision of a county.
An independent unit created to perform one or more related governmental functions at the local level.
The process by which a State establishes a city as a legal body.
A city's basic law, its constitution; a written grant of authority from the king.
Mayor- Council Government
The oldest and most widely used type of city government - an elected mayor as the chief executive and an elected council as its legislative body.
Strong - Mayor Government
A type of government in which the mayor heads the city's administration.
Weak - Mayor Government
A type of government in which the mayor shares his or her executive duties with other elected officials.
A government formed by commissioners, heads of different departments of city departments of city government, who are popularly elected to form the city council and thus center both legislative and executive powers in one body.
Council - Manager Government
A modification of the mayor - council government, it consists of a strong council of members elected on a non-partisan ballot, a weak mayor, elected by the people, and a manager, named by the council.
The practice of dividing a city into a number of districts and regulating the uses to which property in each of them may be put.
A city and the area around it.
A program administered by the State to provide medical insurance to low-income families.
Cash assistance to the poor.
A benefit that federal law says must be paid to all those who meet the eligibility requirements, e.g., Medicare, food stamps, and veterans' pension.
The percentage of the population of a State living in cities with more than 250,000 people or in suburbs of cities with more than 50,000.
A tax placed on the sale of various commodities, paid by the purchaser.
A tax levied at a flat rate, without regard to the level of a taxpayer's income or ability to pay them.
A tax levied on the income of individuals and/or corporations.
A type of tax proportionate to income.
A tax levied on real and personal property.
The process of determining the value of property to be taxed.
A tax levied on the beneficiary's share of an estate.
A levy imposed on the assets of one who dies.
A financial plan for the use of money, personnel, and property.