Terms in this set (56)
Giovanni Battista Piranesi
Etchings of Rome and his dreams/imagination; "The Drawbridge"
Piranesi; dark, gloomy, mysterious, shadows, machinery; people scattered; prison in his mind
Mostly supernatural, not nature; beginning of Romanticism; painted like the classics (Michelangelo and Caravaggio); "The Nightmare"
Fuseli; incubus demon suffocating a woman (dark, supernatural); influences Frankenstein and gothic horror; dramatic positions and spotlighting; red curtain=blood; Caravaggio; beginning of Romantic Art
Really good at painting horses and exotic creatures; "Lion Attacking a Horse"
Lion Attacking a Horse
Horse in pain=emotion, dramatic, dark, landscape
First supported Napoleon, then liberal causes; rejected monarchy, classicism, and ideal beauty; "The Raft is the Medusa"
The Raft of the Medusa
Gericault; dark, gruesome, natural elements; triangular composition, diagonal lines, some tenebrism; message of putting too many people on ships
Student of David; precise and clear; "The Burial [Entombment] of Atala"
The Burial of Atala/The Entombment of Atala
Girodet-Trioson; North American (exotic to Europeans); romantic story; death/dark
Painter for King Charles IV (Spain); admired Rembrandt and Velazquez; "The Family of Charles IV", "The Third of May", "Saturn Devouring His Son"
The Family of Charles IV
Goya; small heads=idiots (self-expression because it's the artist's view); similar to Las Meniñas; painted himself in it
The Third of May
Goya; pushing the limits of blood and gore; civilians being shot by Napoleon's troops (political); man in white shirt=surrender, innocence, going to shoot him anyways; troops have no face=soulless, uncaring, unthinking
Saturn Devouring His Son
Oh, Goya. VERY dark, gruesome, gorey; went crazy and painted weird murals like this in his house
English; nature over industry, beauty of landscape; "The Hay Wain"
The Hay Wain
Constable; old fashioned wagon (no industry); tried to replicate natural phenomena; back to nature
Caspar David Friedrich
German Romantic Painter known for his works that express the sublimity of nature (emotional response to nature); anti-classical; "Cloister Graveyard in the Snow", "The Wanderer in the Mist"
Cloister Graveyard in the Snow
Friedrich; based off "The Abbey in the Oak Wood"; dead monks and cemetery (things don't last); dark connection to nature (trees)
The Wanderer in the Mist
Friedrich; where will he go?=mystery; don't know where he is=exotic; nature; individualism
Violent emotions in paintings; color to create form; more fluid use of paint; similar to Michelangelo and Rubens; "Liberty Leading The People", "The Death of Sardanapalus"
Liberty Leading the People
Delacroix; based off French rebellion in 1830 (political, idealized=artists ideas in painting=self expression); diagonal lines, triangular composition; symbolic
The Death of Sardanapalus
Delacroix; based off a play by Lord Byron (one anti-hero king watches corrupt humans violently kill each other); emotional and dramatic faces and body positions, dark and gorey; full composition, some chiaroscuro, dramatic spotlighting, rich colors, foreshortening
Colored light; cosmic union of four elements; inspiration from literature; "Slavers Throwing Overboard The Dead and Dying"
Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying
JMW Turner; somewhat abstract; color tinted sky; based on true stories of slave ships; gruesome (chains, people dying, fish)
William Blake (art)
Unappreciated in life; also a poet; had religious visions; had issues; "Ancient of Days"
Ancient of Days
Blake; Masonic; goddess before time?
William Blake (poetry)
Supernatural and imaginative; Christian mystic; pre-romantic
Wrote Lyrical Ballads with Coleridge
start of Romanticism
; very into nature-would take walks and write, metaphor for emotion; interested in causes of emotions
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Wordsworth's companion; addicted to laudanum; fantasy, exotic, supernatural, dreams and nightmares; wanted to start a Pantisocracy
George Gordon, Lord Byron
Nationalism (Greece); aristocrat in parliament; exoticism; Byronic/romantic heroes based off his life; wrote about anti-hero protagonists
Percy Bysshe Shelley
"Love will cure all" philosophy (wanted social reform, liberal); truth and beauty; anger management issues
Beauty and love of life; wrote sappy poems about love; everyone in his life died from TB; only wrote poems for five years before dying young-would have been huge if he lived longer
William Blake, William Wordsworth, Coleridge, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats
Edgar Allan Poe, Emily Dickinson, Walt Whitman, Henry David Thoreau
Edgar Allan Poe
Everyone he loved died from TB; invented detective story; thought works should be read in one sitting
Super depressed and agoraphobic; wrote hundreds of poems about psychological experiences but only published seven; short, personal poems with imagery
Leaves of Grass; liberal; wrote about things that mattered to him
Henry David Thoreau
Civil Disobedience influenced Ghandi; lived alone in the middle of nowhere
Austrian, known for sweet little songs
German; emotional music; makes money off concerts and publishers rights which changes the way composers write
Mendelssohn, Chopin, Schumann, Liszt, Tchaikovsky, Dvorak, Wagner, Verdi, Bizet
Brought Bach back
Sad piano music
Critic as well as composer
Russian nationalist, ballets
Czech in America; school for musicians; dark and crazy
German, nihilist, modernized operas
Italian opera composer
French, wrote Carmen
Unreasonable, irrational, individual, solitude, natural, supernatural, emotional, fantastic, exotic, dreams, mystery, experimental, dark, personal, introspective
Romantic Characteristics (poetry)
Nature as a teacher, peasants as superhuman, individuality of humanity, exotic location, supernatural weirdness, championing freedom, idealized man/woman, interest in simplicity/common folk, love for past
Rousseau's influence on poetry
Provided the idea of the noble savage: people are born good but society corrupts them (why Romanticism focuses on peasants and nature)
Romantic Characteristics (Music)
Folk stories, nationalism, exoticism; musicians make money and their status changes; pianos in home and valves for brass instruments (more sound range); self expression; fuller harmonies and dissonance