19 terms

Chapter 1: Human Origins

Chapter 1 vocab, Peopling of the World, Grade 9 World HIstory
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Artifacts
human-made objects such as tools and jewelry.
Culture
a people's unique way of life.
Hominids
Humans and other creatures that walk upright.
Paleolithic Age
Earlier part of the Stone Age, also called the Old Stone Age, lasted from 2.5 million to 8,000 B.C.
Neolithic Age
Later part of the Stone Age, also called the New Stone Age, lasted from 8,000 B.C. to around 3,000 B.C.
technology
ways of applying knowledge, tools and inventions to meet their needs.
Homo sapiens
the species name for modern human beings.
nomads
highly mobile people who moved from place to place searching for new sources of food.
Neolithic Revolution
An agricultural revolution that shifted from food-gathering to food-producing. Est. 10,000 years ago.
Slash and Burn Farming
farming method in which cut trees or grasses were burned to clear a field. Ashes that remained fertilized the soil.
domestication
taming of animals
Five characteristics of a Civilization
advanced cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping, advanced technology.
Artisans
skilled workers who made goods by hand
scribes
professional record keepers
cuneiform
Sumerians invented this system of writing
Bronze Age
period used to describe when people began using bronze rather than copper and stone to fashion tools and weapons.
Ur
One of the earliest cities in Sumer.
barter
way of trading goods and services without money.
ziggurat
pyramid shaped monument that means "mountain of god"