Research in ABA
Terms in this set (20)
Experiments that demonstrate a clear and convincing functional relation have a high degree of:
Which of the following is NOT a measure of the social validity of in applied behavior analysis?
The magnitude of behavior change
The term, "Treatment drift" refers to:
The treatment applied during later stages of an experiment only approximates (but is not identical to. the treatment applied earlier in the study.
Jack has a behavior program for aggression. The program states that staff should intervene when Jack displays verbal aggression, because it has been observed that he reliably exhibits physical aggression after verbal aggression occurs for more than 5 minutes. Jack exhibits verbal aggression for 20 minutes, but staff do not intervene. He then hits the Assistant Superintendent with a chair. This allows the conclusion that:
The independent variable was not implemented correctly, so no conclusion may be reached about the effectiveness of the prescribed treatment.
TRUE OR FALSE. According to Peterson, Homer, and Wonderlich, inadequate assessment of the independent variable may render conclusions about functional relationship between target behavior and the treatment suspect.
True or False? "Therapist" drift is the influence of the experimenter's behavior on observers, and/or observer bias.
Maturation refers to changes that occur in:
The experimental subject
All of the following are potential confounds to internal validity EXCEPT:
Systematic replication involves:
Re-doing the experiment but varying the sample, task or etc.
Fill in the blank: According to Peterson and colleagues, precise, demonstrated control of the ________ variable, and measurement of the ________ variable is necessary to demonstrate a functional relationship.
To determine cost effectiveness, it is usually best to:
Decide how to assess costs and benefits in advance
True or False? Applied behavior analysts judge a behavior change to be clinically significant if they accomplish a pre-stated objective.
Fill in the blank. ______________ is the influence of the experimenter's behavior on observers, and/or observer bias.
True or False? The term, "Treatment drift" refers to "differences in agreement that result from observer's being aware that their observations will be checked."
All of the following are methods for assessing the social validity of outcomes EXCEPT:
Asking the researchers to rate the social validity of participant outcomes
True or False? In behavior analysis, when we refer to external validity, we are discussing whether the procedures have generality beyond the original set of cases studied.
Fill in the blank. Direct replication of procedures and obtaining common outcomes across similar beahaviors, individuals, or settings is a demonstration of ________ of findings/outcomes.
The research tactic for examining two or more elements of a treatment package is call a(n):
Experiments that demonstrate a clear functional relationship between the independent variable and the observed behavior are said to have a high degree of:
The ultimate purpose of social validity assessment is to:
Guide behavior change program development and application