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AP World History Chapter 1
Terms in this set (51)
Paleolithic carvings of the female form, often with exaggerated breasts, buttocks, hips, and stomachs, which may have had religious significance
A complex worldview of Australia's Aboriginal peopel that held that current humans live in an echo of ancestral happenings
The earliest widespread and distinctive culture of North America; named from the Clovis point, a particular kind of projectile point
The dying-out of a number of large animal species, including the mammoth and several species of horses and camels; occured around 11,000-10,000 years ago at the end of the Ice Age. The extinction may have been caused by excessive hunting or by the changing of climate of the era
The last phase of the great human migration that established a human presence in every habitable region of the earth. Austronesian-speaking people settled the Pacific island and Madagascar in a series of seaborne migrations that began around 3,500 years ago
In many early societies, a person believed to have the ability to act as a lesion between living humans and supernatural forces, often by means of trances induced by psychoactive drugs
In San culture, a nightlong ritual held to activate a human being's inner spiritual potency [n/um] to counteract the evil influences of gods and ancestors. The practice was apparently common to the Khoisan people, of whom the Johoansi are a surviving remnant
Paleolithic Settling Down
The process by which some Paleolithic peoples moved toward permanent settlement in the wake of the last Ice Age. Settlement was marked by increasing storage of food and accumulation of goods, as well as growing inequalities in society
Oldest religious structure. made by hunter gathers. Indicates that religion came before organization of labor, settlement and agriculture
A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
A wild grass found in the highlands of Mexico, is the wild ancestor of maize
The process by which a characteristic spreads
(1500 BC to 500 AD) As the Bantu people migrated, they spread the Bantu family of languages and culture. The Bantu also spread the use of iron, which improved farming techniques and agricultural efficiency, the greater food supply sparked economic development and population growth. The changes instigated by the Bantu migration increased the vitality of sub-Saharan Africa.
The last the Yali people found in northern California in 1951. He is a good example of how the growth of agricultural societies led to the collapse of gathering and hunting communities.
Secondary Products Revolution
A term used to describe the series of technological changes that began c.a. 4000 B.C.E., as people began to develop new uses for their domesticated animals, exploiting a revolutionary new source of power. Examples: milk, transportation, wool, hunting help, glue, muscle power, eggs, blood, feathers, bones, ivory, manure/fertilizer, and hides/fur.
Based on the domestication of animals and use their products as main source of food. Groups move where there is foods but they are more settlers than nomads. Independent and warlike.
Good example of agricultural village society. Social structure, buried dead, many people, well built houses, specialization.
A society that is led by a ruler of decent, but seldom used force to lead their people. They relied on generosity, charisma, and leadership to rule.
The Original Affluent Society
Term coined by the scholar Marshall Sahlins in 1972 to describe Paleolithic societies, which he regarded as affluent not because they had so much but because they wanted/needed so little
An archaeological site discovered in 1953 in China during the Neolithic Revolution
Extinct species that were very human-like
A society that is without government
Which describes a religious or spiritual aspect of Paleolithic culture?
A single belief system based on monotheism and animism
The Agricultural Revolution occurred independently in various parts of the world between
12,000 to 4,000 years ago
Which of the following was the point of departure for migration to the Americas?
How did the north/south orientation of the Americas affect the unfolding of the Agricultural Revolution in that part of the world?
Crops were slow to spread because they had to adapt to different climactic and vegetation zones.
Map 1.3 in the textbook shows agricultural information known about the world by
What was a feature of society during the Paleolithic era?
What made the pacific voyages of Austronesian speaking people different from all other initial human migrations?
The Pacific voyages were undertaken by agricultural people who carried domesticated plants and animals with them
In contrast to the people who migrated to the Americas, the Austronesian migrates to the Pacific Islands
Brought domesticated plants and animals with them
The Clovis culture of North America disappeared the archaeological record at the same time as
Many species of late animals became extinct
Which of the following describes a feature of chiefdoms?
The collection of tribute from commoners
What did migrants to Australia and the Pacific islands use to get to their destination?
Humans in the Paleolithic era already had the knowledge to do what?
What role did women play in agricultural village societies?
Women participated in farming and textile work
Which form of society during the age of agriculture is considered to have a distinct element of inequality?
What common feature did pastoral and agricultural societies share?
Organization of society based on kinship
Which was the point of departure for the migration into the Americas?
Which of the following describes a feature of pastoral societies?
Which of the following best describes agricultural and pastoral societies?
Both possessed relatively egalitarian social structures with few social distinction
Which of the following explains why there was frequently conflict between Pastoral societies and agricultural societies?
Pastoral societies wanted the food crops and the manufactured goods produced by agricultural societies
Which of the following represents a way that Paleolithic humans shaped their environment?
They deliberately set fires to encourage growth of particular plants
How did the last Ice Age affect Paleolithic people?
The lower see levels associated with the ice age created land bridges, allowing human beings to travel to many regions of the earth
What was a result of the agricultural revolution?
Higher risk of disease and famine
Which of the following is true of both the Paleolithic era and age of agriculture?
The prevalence of female imagery
The spread of agriculture through diffusion and migration
Resulted in the spread of language groups
Which of the following explains why some regions did not make the transition to an agricultural way of life?
Knowledge about farming did not spread beyond the core areas where the agricultural revolution had taken place
Crops spread more slowly in the Americas as compared to Eurasia in part because of
The north/south orientation of the American continents
Which of the following was an important development during the Paleolithic period?
Human kind spread to inhabit all parts of the globe
Which of the following distinguished the agricultural revolution in the Americas from agricultural revolutions elsewhere?
The absence of animals that could be domesticated
Which factor contributed to the agricultural revolution?
A need for additional food
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