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AP World History Chapter 3
Terms in this set (60)
Literally "Summit of the City"; a complex of public buildings in the center of Athens that includes the Parthenon.
Alexander the Great
Son of Philip of Macedon; conquered Greek city-states and then the Persian Empire, creating the largest empire the world had seen to that point.
A series of cities founded by Alexander the Great, who believed that cities were an effective way to spread Greek culture; the first Alexandria, in Lower Egypt, became a hub of ancient culture, philosophy, and science; there were dozens of other Alexandrias founded throughout Afro-Eurasia.
Impressive feats of Roman engineering, these structures carried water from mountains and springs into urban areas with the highest population density.
Most famous of the Mauryan rulers; attempted to create an empire run on Buddhist principles while still maintaining its political authority.
Most powerful Greek polis after the Greco-Persian wars; source of direct democracy as well as a great deal of philosophy and literature.
Caesar Augustus (Octavian)
Nephew and adopted son of Julius Caesar; first ruler of the Roman Empire, who called himself the "First Roman" instead of "Emperor"; would eventually be worshipped as a god.
Powerful city in North Africa originally founded by the Phoenicians; its general, Hannibal, attempted to conquer Rome but failed, and Rome would begin its expansion toward empire.
Chandra Gupta I
Founder of the Gupta Dynasty that would eventually lead a great empire and foster a Hindu cultural "golden age".
The capital city of the Eastern Roman Empire after Diocletian split the empire into two halves in an attempt to maintain better control over its territories; modern-day Istanbul.
Cyrus the Great
Founder of the Achaemenid dynasty of the Persian Empire; developed numerous techniques for administering the power of the "King of Kings".
A form of government in which people participate, either by directly voting on the issues (direct democracy as in Athens) or by voting on other people to decide the issues for them (representative democracy as in the Roman Republic).
Massive public works project initiated by Qin Shihuangdi; the idea was to build a wall to keep out the pastoral nomads to the north (in this period, the Xiongnu).
Early Emperor of the Han dynasty; established a system to train and test Confucian scholars who would become the bureaucrats to administer the power of the state.
The process of spreading Greek language and culture throughout North Africa and Southwest Asia that began with the conquests of Alexander the Great but continued after his death.
Capital city of both the Mauryan and the Gupta Empires, it would eventually become a hub of commerce and culture.
Literally "Roman Peace"; an area of unprecedented growth in which the power of the state was so powerful that there were very few internal conflicts and Roman citizens were free to travel anywhere within the Empire.
A series of civil wars between the Delian League (Athens and its allies) and the Peloponnesian League (Sparta and its allies). Sparta eventually won, but the Greek poleis were weakened enough to be conquered.
Military leader of the Athenian forces that won the Battle of Salamis in the Greco-Persian wars; eventually became the political leader of Athens during is "Golden Age" of culture.
Capital city of the Persian Empire; city in which public ceremonies honored the "King of Kings"; eventually destroyed by Alexander the Great.
A series of columns distributed throughout South Asia on which were carved the policies of Ashoka, declaring religious tolerance and universal justice.
A political system used by the Hellenes in which each city-state was an independent political entity.
The first emperor of China; used brutal methods to end the Warring States period and unify China into an empire.
Initially and independent city-state, it would eventually become a republic and then the capital city of the Roman Empire.
A network of roads that led to Persepolis begun by Cyrus the Great; eventually the system would be copied by later empires.
A political system initiated by Cyrus the Great, in which Persian governors used local officials to administer the power of the "King of Kings" over unprecedented territory.
Powerful Greek polis that valued military strength over any other virtue; rival of Athens
"Senatus Populusque Romanus", which means "The Senate and the People of Rome"; this slogan became part of the ideology of Rome, and along with the belief in the rule of law and the value of a man's word, became known as "The Way of the Ancestors" even as the Empire began to betray these ideals.
Series of Roman laws that protected the social and political rights of the Plebeians.
Capital city of the Han dynasty; also the eastern-most terminus city on the Silk Roads trading network.
Persian political organization included which of the following?
Lower-level officials drawn from local authorities.
Which of the following was a unique feature of political life in classical Greece?
The idea of free male citizens running the affairs of state.
Solon brought which of the following reforms to Athens after 594 B.C.E.?
The right of all citizens to participate in the Assembly.
What did the Persian Empire share in common with classical Greece in 500 B.C.E.?
Both were the expansive civilization.
In contrast to the Persian Empire, the political culture of classical Greek civilization did what?
Featured popular participations in politics.
A major development that occurred during the Hellenistic era was?
The spread of Greek culture throughout most of the ancient world.
Which of the following represents a defining characteristic of an empire?
A state formed through conquest and maintained through the extraction of resources from conquered states and peoples.
Which of the following was true of both the Roman and the Chinese Empires?
They invoked supernatural sanctions to support their rule.
The Persian Empire and the Mauryan dynasty were similar in that both did because?
relied on imperial spies to keep tabs on distant provinces.
Which of the following was a motivation for the expansion of the Roman Empire?
The wealth of the Medditerranean societies.
Which of the following was a characteristic of all classical empire?
They were powerful states capable of coercing resources from subjects.
Which religious tradition was absorbed into China during the classical period?
When Germanic tribes entered into the western part of the Roman Empire, they...?
Produced a hybrid culture that drew on both Germanic and Roman elements.
Which of the following has been put forward to explain why empires were much less prominent in India than in China?
India's unparalleled cultural diversity.
In contrast to the Roman Empire, the process of empire formation in China ...?
Had precedents to follow.
Which of the following describes the Persian policy towards people with different cultural traditions who lived within the empire?
Respect and tolerance for non-Perisian traditions.
Which of the following was a consequence of the Greco-Persian Wars?
The notion of an East/West divide.
Which of the following was a major avenue for the spread of Greek culture in the empire established by the Macedonians?
Which of the following represents a value of the Roman Republic, idealized as "the way of the ancestors"?
Rule of Law
Which of the following is an example of the centralization of the Chinese state under Qin Shihuangdi?
Standardization of weights, measures, and currency.
Which of the following expresses the basic difference between what the Roman Empire and the Han dynasty believed was the key to good government?
The Roman Empire emphasized good laws while the Han dynasty emphasized on good men.
In contrast to what followed after the collapse of the Han dynasty in China, the collapse of the Roman Empire..?
Led to the emergence of highly decentralized political systems.
In what respect did India's political history resemble that of Western Europe?
Both created enduring civilizations in the absence of a consistent, encompassing imperial state.
Which of the following represents a period during which most of the South Asia subcontinent was unified under a single imperial state?
The conquest of which leader contributed to the widespread dissemination of Greek culture during the Hellenistic era?
Alexander the Great
Athens' leadership bin which event launched Athens on a path to establish its dominance over other city-states in the region?
Which of the following had the weakest tradition of rule by monarchs?
Which of the following had an important influence on the Chinese imperial state?
When the Roman Empire disintegrated in 476 C.E., the eastern part of the empire came to be known as...?
The Byzantine Empire
Based on the information provided in Map 3.5 in the textbook, the leaders of China were most concerned about a foreign invasion coming from which direction?
This set is often in folders with...
AP World History Chapter 4
AP World History Chapter 5
AP World History ch. 1-5
Chapter 3 WHAP
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