AP Comparative Government Great Britain
Terms in this set (15)
the first document that limited the power of the English monarch.
British society is characterized by numerous cleavages. Most of these cleavages are crosscutting rather than coinciding cleavages.
Some of the key cleavages in British society include:
- Wealth and income
- Social class
- Race and ethnicity
- National identity
Sources of Legitimacy
The legitimacy of the British government rests mostly in the rule of law and competitive elections. However, hundreds of years of tradition also play a role in making the British government one of the most stable and legitimate in the world.
The Crown-in-Parliament (Which rules on the behalf of the people)
With a strong protection of individual civil liberties at its core, the British system has encouraged the development of a strong civil society within the United Kingdom. Voluntary organizations off all types operate freely within the country.
Legislative Electoral Systems
Members of the House of Commons are chosen by popular election with universal adult suffrage, using an SMDP voting system. Members of the House of Lords are appointed to office.
Operating under the rule of law, the British system is the most transparent system covered in this course. Political decisions are publicly and freely debated, the courts are independent, and the government largely operates as the law requires.
The _______ consists of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Distinct administrative institutions exist in Scotland and Wales. Recently there has been devolution of power to Scotland and Wales, both of which now have their own
assemblies. The parliament in Scotland has the power to tax and spend on its own, and its members are elected by proportional representation.
Britain has an __________. This means that the "constitution" in Britain consists of several acts of Parliament that have been in place for many years and that are widely supported by the public. In Britain the final authority on the Constitution is the Parliament, and items in the unwritten constitution can be changed by an act of Parliament or simple majority vote. English courts claim no power to declare acts of
The ___________ is the leader of the majority party in Parliament. The _______ must be elected leader of his or her party. Once he is elected he must also retain the
confidence of the party. He can do this by maintaining high levels of popularity and using patronage to silence opposition or reward loyalty. If the ________ proposes legislation that is not supported by his party, he is expected to call for a vote of
confidence in which a new government may be elected. The _____ appears in the House of Commons weekly for "question time," which is an intense session of questioning by the opposition party.
The ____ symbolizes the authority of the government; however, it really holds only ceremonial power.
What is most important in British politics is the ______, which refers to the majority in Parliament.
The executive agencies of the government are referred to as _____.
The prime minister's residence is located on ________.
The _____ are both Members of Parliament (MPs) and heads of departments. They are appointed by the prime minister, usually after a vote of confidence. A _____ minister may hold many roles, including initiating policies, overseeing actions of thousands of civil servants, and interaction with the media.
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