AP Comparative Government Nigeria
Terms in this set (30)
legitimacy in Nigeria
The legitimacy of the current Nigerian government system rests mostly in its design. With a federal structure and requirements for competitive elections, the Nigerian system is built to assure that all portions of Nigeria's highly diverse population have a say in its governance. In reality, the ineffectiveness of the current government and prior governments as well, greatly undermines this legitimacy. During periods of military rule, the legitimacy of those governments rested heavily in the fact that the religious and ethnic cleavages, which create so much turmoil in Nigerian society, tend to have a smaller impact on the functioning of the military.
sovereignty in Nigeria
civil society in Nigeria
Deep cleavages across Nigerian society have greatly hampered the development of a vibrant civil society within the country. Mistrust among the various ethnic and religious groups within the society remains a significant problem.
Political Participation in Nigeria
In theory, citizens of Nigeria have all the avenues of liberal, democratic political participation open to them. In reality, the structures of government and politics in Nigeria do not function well. As a result, political violence is one of the most common forms of political participation in the country. In the past, coup d'etats have been an important means of changing governments in Nigeria.
legislative electoral systems
Popular elections with universal adult suffrage. Members of both the House and the Senate are chosen by an SMDP system.
transparency in Nigeria
Corruption remains a serious problem in Nigeria. The courts are not independent and little happens in Nigeria as the constitution says it is supposed to. As a result, despite government attempts at reform, the decision-making process in Nigeria is frequently hidden from the public's view.
an economic policy that limits the state's control of the economy and increases the power of the market and the private sector. Usage: Global changes may cause a country to adopt policies that lead to economic liberalization. Example: Russia, UK, China
To change from government or public ownership or control to private ownership or control.
PURCHASING POWER PARITY
A monetary measurement of development that takes into account what money buys in different countries
Per Capita Gross National Product (GNP)
total amount of goods and services produced divided by the population size
the primary sector
includes farming, fishing, logging, mining and other industries in which raw materials are grown or extracted.
The secondary sector
involves the transformation of raw materials and natural resources (from the primary sector) into finished products. (industrial societies)
The portion of the economy concerned with transportation, communications, and utilities, sometimes extended to the provision of all goods and services to people in exchange for payment.
a society whose economic system is engaged primarily in the processing and control of information
Also called economic imperialism, this is the domination of newly independent countries by foreign business interests that causes colonial-style economies to continue, which often caused monoculture (a country only producing one main export like sugar, oil, etc).
A model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of technological and cultural differences between nations. According to this model, the biggest obstacle for LDCs is tradition because holding on to old values and beliefs can hinder
A model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of the historical exploitation of poor nations by rich ones
- the theory that every social, political, or religious movement springs from a desire by one group of people to take economic advantage of another group; taught that history would naturally progress toward perfection (communism)
a government policy that uses trade restrictions and subsidies to encourage domestic production of manufactured goods, Development strategy that uses tariffs and other barriers to imports, and therefore stimulates domestic industries.
directly integrates their economies into the global economy by concentrating on economic production to find a place in international markets
minimizing governmental intervention in economy and civil rights and liberties
the spread of representative government to more countries and the process of making governments more representative
States in which legitimate authority has crumbled, bureaucracies are starved of resources, government programs are poorly coordinated, police fail to uphold the law and instead act in a predatory manner towards the population, armed paramilitaries proliferate, because the state's monopoly on the means of violence had been broken
a sudden, extra constitutional or extrajudicial removal of a sitting government. Usually "coups" are done by a small group within the existing government apparatus such as military officers
_____ is a method through which business, labor, and/or other interest groups bargain with the state over economic policy.
the government appear to be less authoritarian, but in reality the practice eliminates any input from groups not sanctioned or created by
the state. Only a handful of groups have the right to speak for the
public, effectively silencing the majority of citizens in political affairs.
_______ gives the public a limited influence in the policymaking
process, but the interest groups are funded and managed by the state.
Most people would rather have a state-sanctioned organization than
none at all, so many participate willingly with the hope that the state
will meet their needs.
a system in which the state provides specific benefits or favors to a single person or small group in return for public support.
politicization of religion
the use of religion to justify political choices and changes or the desire to influence other areas with religion
1. a citizen's capacity to understand and influence political
2. If citizens have a high level of ____, they believe that the government takes their input seriously and cares about what they have to say. They also believe in their own abilities to understand political issues and to participate in solving problems. If citizens lack ______, they
may not believe that it is important to vote, or they may try to
ignore the government's efforts to enforce laws.
Gross Domestic Product
all the goods and services
produced by a country's economy in a given year, excluding
income citizens and groups earn outside the country;
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