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Terms in this set (65)
A component or equipment that expands a computer's input, output, or storage capabilities
The case or box that contains the computer's power supply, storage devices, main circuit board, processor, and memory
A term used to refer to the main screen of a graphical user interface that can hold objects such as folders and widgets
Any type of computer that runs on batteries and is designed to be carried from one location to another
A small, lightweight, portable computer that usually runs on batteries. Aka laptop
A scaled-down version of a standard clamshell-style notebook computer. Aka minilaptop
A family of personal computers that use Windows software and contain Intel-compatible microprocessors.
A family or category of Macintosh-compatible personal computers designed and manufactured by Apple Computers
A computer that is running the Linux operating system
Enhance media player
Handheld devices designed to play music, but with enhanced features
A cell phone that has a high resolution colour screen, a browser, and the ability to run apps.
A small, portable computer with a touch-sensitive screen that can be used as a writing or drawing pad
A timing signal that sets the pace for executing instructions in a microprocessor.
Approximately 1 billion bytes exactly 1024mb
A micro-processor that contains circuitry for more than one processing unit
A measure of frequency equivalent to 1 million cycles per second
(random access memory) computer memory circuitry that holds data, program instructions, and the operating system while the computer is on
a term that describes data that can exist only with a constant supply of power
Random access memory that requires a power source to hold data; used as main memory on most computers
A computer's use of hard disk storage to simulate RAM
(read only memory) refers to one or more integrated circuits that contain permanent instructions that the computer uses during the boot process
A small set of basic input/ output system instructions stores in ROM
electrically erasable programmable read-only memory) A type of non-volatile storage typically used in personal computers to store boot and BIOS data
The physical materials used to store computer data, such as a floppy disk, a hard disk, or a CD-ROM
A mechanical apparatus that records data to and retrieves data from a storage medium
A technology for recording data onto disks or tape by magnetizing particles of an oxide-based surface coating
Hard disk drive
A computer storage device that contains a large- capacity rigid storage surface sealed inside a drive case. Typically used as the primary storage device in personal computers
Hard disk platter
The component of a hard disk drive on which data is stored. It is a flat, rigid disk made of aluminium or glass and coasted with a magnetic oxide
A removable magnetic storage medium, typically 3.5 inches in size, with a capacity of 1.44mb.
an optical storage medium used to store digital information
(digital video disk) an optical storage medium similar in appearance and technology to a CD but with a higher storage capacity
A high-capacity storage technology that stores up to 25GB per layer on blu-ray discs.
A technology that records data as light and dark spots on a CD, DVD or other optical media
Spots on a CD that are "burned" onto an optical storage medium to represent digital data
Non-pitted surface areas on a CD that represent data
Storage media that can only be read from, but not recorded on
The devices and standards that allow computers to write data permanently on CDs and DVDs, but does not allow that data to be changed once it has been recorded
The devices and standards that allow users to write data on a storage medium and then change that data
Solid state storage
A technology that records data and stores it in a microscopic grid of cells on a non-volatile, erasable, low-power chip
A small, flat, solid state storage medium, frequently used to store data on cameras and handheld devices
A device that can be used to read and record data on solid states storage devices
Solid state drive (SSD)
A data storage device that utilizes erasable, rewritable circuitry
USB flash drive
A portable solid state storage device that plugs directly into a computer's USB port
An input device that allows users to manipulate an on-screen pointer and other screen-based graphical controls
An input device that allows the user to manipulate objects on the screen by clicking, dragging, and dropping
Devices such as joysticks, wands, and steering wheels; used to control on-screen action in computer games
A touch-sensitive surface on which you slide your fingers to move the on-screen pointer
A display device that accepts input from being touched with a stylus or fingertip
A keyboard that is displayed on a touch screen and used for input on smartphones and tablet computers
(liquid crystals display) technology used for flat panel computer screens typically found on notebook computer
(light-emitting diode display) either a display device that uses LEDs to produce an image on the screen, or an LCD display that uses LEDs as backlighting.
the smallest unit in a graphic image. used in a matrix to show information and graphics
The density of the grid used to display text, or graphics on a display device; the greater the horizontal and vertical density, the higher the resolution
A cicuit board insered into a computer to handle the display of text, graphics, animation, and videos.
Graphics processing unit (GPU)
A microprocessor dedicated to rendering and displaying graphics on personal computers, workstations, and video game consoles.
Ink jet printer
A non-impact printer that creates characters of graphics by spraying liquid ink onto paper or other media
A printer that uses laser-based technology, similar to that used by photocopiers, to produce text and graphics
Dot matrix printer
A printer that creates characters and graphics by striking an inked ribbon with small wires called pins, generating a fine pattern of dots.
A printer that prints of both sides of the paper in a single pass
USB (universal serial bus)
A high-speed bus commonly used for connecting peripheral devices to computers.
Firewire (IEEE 1394)
A standard for fairly high-speed ports, plugs, and connectors typically used to connect external storage devices, and for transferring data from cameras to computers
(video graphics array) a screen resolution of 640x480
(digital visual interface) a standard type of plug and connector for computer display device
(High-definition multimedia interface) a standard type of plug and connector doe computer display devices.
Plug and play
The ability of a computer to automatically recognize and adjust the system configuration for a newly added device.