Terms in this set (87)

1- MEETING STRANGERS: strangers are separated by social distance and it is considered correct that you're silent when you meet someone for the first time. They do not feel compelled to draw attention to themselves at first. It is assumed that eventually the strangers will speak.

2- COURTING: during initial stages young men and women go without speaking for lengths of time. Silence is viewed as pure and innocent. They say their silence is because of shyness or self consciousness since they don't know each other. It takes a couple of months before the couple has lengthy conversations.

3- CHILDREN COMING HOME: the most common type of reunion is a child coming home from boarding school. Usually the parents and the child will go without speaking up for 15 minutes. The child is usually the one to break the silence; the parents remain silent to see which ways the child has changed. It is considered inappropriate to directly interrogate a child after his arrival home.

4- GETTING CUSSED OUT: when people get cussed out, refrain from speech. They do this because they believe that the enraged person is irrational or crazy, therefore, forgetting who they are. They do not want to enrage the person more than they already are so they remain silent.

5- BEING WITH PEOPLE WHO ARE SAD: Whether encountering a sad person was intended or not, they remain silent. Sad people are usually burdened with intense grief that speaking requires an unusual amount of physical effort. Conversation is unnecessary because everyone already knows what happened. Being in grief can change a person and they can become unstable.
Grice's (4) maxims of conversation:

1. Maxim of __________: involves the amount of information that is provided during the interaction. The speaker should be as concise as possible to achieve the purpose of the interaction (say no more/no less than required)
EX. _______________: Speaker: "Where do you live?" Response: "Turn right there where we play baseball and my house is down a little bit" (Can't infer without background knowledge)

2. Maxim of ________: concerned with the truth-value of a contribution. As far as possible, each contribution must be believed to be true & based on adequate evidence. (Do not say what you believe to be false and do not say anything for which you lack adequate evidence.)
EX: ________________: An attempted communication that involves the relating of inaccurate info

3. Maxim of _________: usually called "relevance." The contribution should be appropriate to the immediate needs of the conversation at each stage of the interaction. We create our next statement off of the previous statement in the conversation, which keeps the conversation active.
EX: __________________: Speaker makes rapid & inappropriate changes in topic without providing transitional cues to the listener.

4. Maxim of ________: category concerns not what you say but how you say it. Avoid obscurity of expression, avoid ambiguity, and be brief & orderly.
EX: __________________: The speakers production is disrupted by repetitions, unusual pauses, & hesitation phenomena. "Sh...uh...she...um....she came to dinner". (The frequency of occurrence is the key to difficulty)