open, closed, VCe, vowel teams, r-controlled, consonant-le, 1. closed syllable (CVC): ends in at least one consonant; vowel is short (one vowel) [mag/net, pump/kin, at]
2. open syllable (CV): ends in one vowel; vowel is long [no, be, me, BA/con]
3. vowel-consonant-e (VCe or CVCe): ends in one vowel, one consonant, and a final e. Final e is silent and the vowel is usually long [cake, man/DATE]
4. vowel +r syllable: has an r after the vowel, vowel makes an unexpected sound [car, star, bird, fern]
5. vowel pair syllable: has two adjacent vowels. each vowel pair syllable must be learned individually [tea, bee, teach]
6. final stable syllable
The unit of writing that represents a single phoneme. It can be a letter or a group of letters. The smallest part of WRITTEN language that represents a phoneme in the spelling of a word. A grapheme may be just one letter, such as b,d,f,p,s or several letters, such as ch, sh, th, -ck, ea, -igh. Letter-sound cards, Phonics fish card game, spelling in parts, sound swirl, button sounds, stomping, clapping, tapping, and snapping sounds, tongue twisters, creating nonsense words, word boxes, etc.