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Fine not to exceed $4,000
Jail Up to 1 Year
Fine & Jail Both
CLASS A MISDEMEANOR
Fine not to exceed $2,000
Jail up to 6 mos
Both Fine & Jail
CLASS B MISDEMEANOR
Fine not to exceed $500
CLASS C MISDEMEANOR
Life In Jail Without Parole
CAPITAL FELONY
Death Penalty Punishment is what Degree Felony?
CAPITAL FELONY
5-99 Years in TDCJ
Fine up to $10,000
FIRST DEGREE FELONY
2-20 Years in TDCJ
Fine up to $10,000
SECOND DEGREE FELONY
2-10 Years in TDCJ
Fine up to $10,000
THIRD DEGREE FELONY
6 Months - 2 Years
Fine up to $10,000
STATE JAIL FELONY
What is the punishment for committing a State Jail Felony using or exhibiting a deadly weapon?
THIRD DEGREE FELONY
A Felon commits a State Jail Felony Crime, what is their punishment?
THIRD DEGREE FELONY
Offense & Punishment for intentionally or knowingly causing the death of an individual?
MURDER, F1
Passion which arises at the time of the offense and is not solely the result of a former provocation
SUDDEN PASSION
Punishment for murder committed under sudden passion
SECOND DEGREE FELONY
Offense & Punishment for recklessly causing the death of an individual
MANSLAUGHTER, F2
Offense & Punishment for death caused by criminal negligence
CRIMINALLY NEGLIGENT HOMICIDE, SJF
Offense & Punishment for intentionally or knowingly abducting another person
KIDNAPPING, F3
Holding a persons that you've abducted for ransom or reward; using them as a shield or hostage; facilitating a felony; fleeing after committing a felony; sexually abusing; inflicting bodily injury; terrorizing; interfering with the performance of a governmental or political function are all what type of offense:
AGGRAVATED KIDNAPPING
What is the punishment for Aggravated Kidnapping
1ST DEGREE FELONY
If the actor releases his kidnapping victim in a safe place, his punishment level would be?
2ND DEGREE FELONY
Intentionally or knowingly restraining another (restrict another's movement without their consent)
UNLAWFUL RESTRAINT, Class A Misdemeanor
What is the punishment for unlawful restraint of a child younger than 17 yrs old
STATE JAIL FELONY
Punishment for unlawfully restraining a person and recklessly exposing the victim to substantial risk of serious bodily injury
3RD DEGREE FELONY (PC 20.02)
Punishment for unlawful restraint while in custody
3RD DEGREE FELONY (PC 20.02)
Offense & Punishment for intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causing bodily injury to another including the person's spouse
ASSAULT, CLASS A (PC 22.02)
Punishment for Assault with a Deadly Weapon
2ND DEGREE FELONY
An angry driver shoots into the car of a young woman who just cut him off in traffic. What is the offense & punishment
Aggravated Assault, F1 [PC 22.02(3)(A)]
Offense & Punishment for knowingly engaging in sexual intercourse, deviate sexual intercourse, act of sexual contact or act involving contact between person's mouth or genitals or gentials and anus or genitals of an animal or fowl in a public place and is reckless about whether another is present who may be alarmed or offended by his acts
PUBLIC LEWDNESS, Class A (PC 21.07)
Offense & Punishment for exposing anus or any part of genitals with intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person AND the actor is reckless about whether another is present who will be offended or alarmed by his act
INDECENT EXPOSURE, CLASS B (PC 21.08)
Offense & Punishment for Engaging in sexual conduct/contact with a child
INDECENCY WITH A CHILD, F2 (PC 21.11)
Offense & Punishment for intentionally arousing or gratifying the sexual desire of a child
INDECENCY WITH A CHILD, F3 (PC21.11)
Punishment for Improper Relationship Between Educator and Student
2ND DEGREE FELONY (PC 21.12)
A person younger than 17 years of age as defined in the Penal Code, Chapter 22.011(1)
CHILD
What would your punishment be for assaulting a sports participant while performing their duty?
CLASS B
Murder, Capital Murder, Manslaughter, or Criminally Negligent Homicide is:
CRIMINAL HOMICIDE (PC 19.01)
Chapter ______ is offenses against a person, criminal homicide section
19
Intentionally causing bodily injury to a peace officer who is affecting an arrest or search is what offense & punishment
ASSAULT, F3 (PC 22.01)
Depriving without one's consent
Appropriation
Unlawfully appropriating property with intent to deprive the owner of property
THEFT (PC 31.03)
What is the punishment for an assault that was only a threat or offensive contact
CLASS C, [PC 22.01(a)(2)or(3)]
What is the punishment for an assault on an elderly/disabled person
CLASS A
Who has the right to prevent theft?
ALL PERSONS
Threat of sexual abuse is the same as__________
SEXUAL ABUSE
Getting to crimes before they happen is what type of policing
PROACTIVE POLICING
Offense & Punishment for intentionally or knowingly operating another's boat, airplane or motor propelled vehicle without the owner's effective consent
UNAUTHORIZED USE OF A VEHICLE, SJF (PC 31.07)
Forging the writing with the intent to defraud or harm another
FORGERY, CLASS A (PC 32.21)
Stealing and using a debit card
DEBIT CARD ABUSE, SJF (PC 32.31)
Stealing an elderly person's debit card and using it carries what punishment?
3rd DEGREE FELONY
Elderly Person is _______ or older
65
Sexual assaults are acts of _____________
VIOLENCE
Offense and Punishment for intentionally or knowingly causing the penetration of the anus or sexual organ of another person by any means, without the person's consent
SEXUAL ASSAULT, F2 (22.011)
What type of case can you not waive a trial by jury?
CAPITAL FELONY WHERE DEATH PENALTY IS SOUGHT (CCP Art 1.13)
Legal window tint is
25% (TC 547.613)
Punishment for an actor who intentionally causes bodily injury to a public servant while he is discharging his official duty
3RD DEGREE FELONY [PC 22.01(b)(1)]
Offense & Punishment for knowingly leaving a child in a motor vehicle for longer than 5 minutes who is under 7 yrs of age and not accompanied by anyone 14 yrs or older
LEAVING A CHILD IN A VEHICLE, Class C
Chapter 22 of the Penal Code is the ______Offenses
ASSAULTIVE
Causing the death of another
CRIMINAL HOMICIDE (PC 19.01)
An operator moving around a rotary traffic island shall drive only to the __________ of the island.
RIGHT, (TC 545.059)
When leaving an alley, you should stop_______
BEFORE THE SIDEWALK (TC 545.256)
A person commits an offense if he drives a vehicle with an open bed and has a child younger than ____years of age occupying the bed of the truck or trailer.
18 [TC 545.414(a)],
What is the punishment for the transporting a child in the back of a open bed vehicle
Class C, not less than $25.00 or more than $200
When it is determined a child is in immediate danger of further physical or sexual abuse, or the parent is refusing to obtain needed medical care and there is no time to get a court order, who may take possession of the child:
1. A juvenile probation officer
2. Certified peace officer
an authorized representative of the Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services (CPS)
When interviewing the child victim, the officer should:
Allow the child to tell what happened in their own words
Abusive parents ____________
Were often abused as children
TRUE OR FALSE - The law recognizes the child as a victim, regardless of whether or not he/she consented to the sexual contact
TRUE
To support child, including food, shelter, clothing and education, to provide care, control, protection and reasonable discipline and to have physical possession of a child are all :
Right, duty and powers of a parent over a child
Delinquent conduct is conduct, other than traffic offenses, that violates:
a penal law of the state punishable by imprisonment or confinement in jail
Upon taking a child into custody, the officer must advise, as soon as possible the:
Child's parent or guardian [FC 52.01(c)(5)]
Name 5 common types of police reports
Arrest, Incident, Offense, Crash & Supplemental
Arranging information in order of occurence
Chronological
Arrangement of information by category such as witnesses, suspects, crimes
Categorical
The Texas Family Code assigns juvenile court jurisdiction:
To cases of delinquency and those in need of supervision (FC 52.02)
A child may not be detained in a juvenile processing office for longer than ___ hours.
6 (FC 52.02)
What are the 3 kinds of information necessary in a police report?
Indentification (of the involved person, vehicles, etc); Narrative (Description of the offense or incident); Elements of the offense (Probable Cause)
Minor mischief, colors, hand signals and graffiti are examples of:
The phases of gang involvement
Conduct indicating a need for supervision
Delinquent Conduct
Juveniles taken to a place of non-secure custody:
May not be secured to a stationary object, may not be detained longer than 6 hrs and must be under continuous visual supervision by a law enforcement officer (CCP 45.058)
Police have the responsibility for investigating reports of runaway children and:
if the child is located, determining if the child should be released to parents or referred to the juvenile court
A juvenile may be taken into custody:
By a juvenile probation officer if their is probable cause to believe the juvenile has violated a condition of probation, pursuant to a directive to apprehend or pursuant to the laws of arrest
TRUE/FALSE - Officers opinions should be included in the police report?
False; Unless requested use only facts. Anything other than fact must be labeled as such to avoid confusion.
Watch & Ward
Watch = Night
Ward = Daytime
A reasonable belief that a person committed a crime
PROBABLE CAUSE
Use of facts without distortion of personal feelings or prejudices
OJECTIVITY
Faces danger with confidence and bravery
COURAGE
Name 3 preparatory offenses
Criminal Attempt, Criminal Conspiracy & Criminal Solicitation
Facts and circumstances within the officer's knowledge sufficient to warrant a prudent person to believe a suspect has committed, is committing or is about to commit a crime
PROBABLE CAUSE
Conservator of the peace
SHERIFF
A victim may choose a ___________ to designate his/her identity in all public files and records concerning sexual offenses
PSEUDONYM
A person who knows of the death of a child younger than 6 yrs of age shall ____________ report the death to the _____________ of the county in which the death occures or if no medical examiner to the ________in that county.
IMMEDIATELY, MEDICAL EXAMINER, JP
Communication is _____Content, ______ Tone, and ______ Nonverbal
7-10% CONTENT
33-40% TONE
60% NONVERBAL
A writ that is issued by a judge of the court or clerk at the judge's direction who has jurisdiction of a case after commitment or bail and before trial directing any peace officer of the State of Texas to arrest and bring said person before the court immediately or on a day or term specified in the writ
CAPIAS
A written statement filed and presented in behalf of the State by the District Attorney or County Attorney, charging the defendant with an offense which may by law be so prosecuted
INFORMATION (CCP Art 21.20)
When a law enforcement officer initiates an acting based on race, ethnicity or national orgin
RACIAL PROFILING
Intentionally and/or Knowingly vilating a law while acting in an official capacity
MISCONDUCT
A public servant acting under the color of law of his office or employment commits an offense if he intentionally mistreats another through sexual harrasssment
OFFICIAL OPPRESSION
ALERT system means
The Statewide America's Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response (AMBER ALERT) for abducted children
10 yrs of age and older and under 17 yrs of age
CHILD
The adult with whom the child resides
CUSTODIAN
The person under court order the child has been placed with
GUARDIAN
Mother and Father of child whose rights have not been terminated
PARENT
Crime based on age
STATUS OFFENDER
Bond given in place of auto insurance
SURETY BOND
Used to transport property
TRUCK
A vehicle with more than 10 passengers (at least 11) with operator
BUS
Individual, firm, corporation
PERSON
Security given for release from jail
Bail
A written statement given by a Grand Jury accusing a person of a crime
Indictment
CCP 21.01
Absence of a child on 10 or more days or part of days with in a 6 month period in the same school yr or on 3 or more days of parts of days within a 4 week period from school is ___________________
Delinquent Conduct
Conduct violating a penal law of the grade of felony other than a State Jail Felony
Habitual Felony Conduct
A voluntary absence of a child from the child's home without the consent of the child's parent or guardian consent for a substantial length of time or without intent to return is __________________
Delinquent Conduct
Factors affecting youth encounters with police
Need for independence
Rebellion against authority
Peer Pressure
Highest Criminal Court in Texas
COURT OF CRIMINAL APPEALS
Term of the Justices of the Supreme Court
LIFE
Marijuana is listed in which schedule
SCHEDULE I
Proper name for marijuana
Cannabis Sativa L
Cocaine is extracted from the leaves of what plant
COCA
One kg is equal to how many pounds
2.2 lbs
Cocaine is defined as a:
STIMULANT
Statute of limitations on Misdemeanors is:
2 YEARS
What are the 7 general defenses to Criminal Responsibility?
1. Insanity
2. Mistake of Fact
3. Mistake of Law
4. Intoxication
5. Duress
6. Entrapment
7. Age
(PC Chapter 8)
TRUE/FALSE - A child younger than 15 may be convicted for perjury or aggravated perjury when it appears by proof that the person had sufficient discretion to understand the nature and obligation of an oath
TRUE - (PC 8.07)
(TRUE/FALSE) The Writ of Habeas Corpus in the Texas Constitution can never be suspended?
TRUE
Which amendement guarantees a speedy trial?
6TH
What is the age affecting criminal responsibility?
Younger than 15
Name 3 phases of gang involvement
Minor Mischief
Seeking Identity
Drive By Shootings
The Texas Family Code suggest that children are not arrested, rather they are:
DETAINED
Who may consent to medical treatment of a minor
A grandparent
An adult brother or sister
any court having jurisdiction of a child
An adult aunt or uncle
an educational institution w/written consent
An adult in care, control or possession w/written consent
A court having jurisdiction over a suit affecting the child
Law enforcement officer*
Juvenile court agents* (FC 32.001)
A B C
Airway
Breathing
Circulation
For a pregnant woman use ___________ instead of abdominal thrusts
Chest
Policing Professionalism came from
A religious order
Stephen F. Austin employed a militia group to protect the settlers from Indian and bandit raids. This group later became known as the _________
Texas Rangers
Provides more effective problem solving is an advantage of ___________________
Professionalism
Who professionalized the police?
AUGUST VOLMER
Policing in America was patterned after __________ methodss
EUROPEAN
Known for the FBI and dealing with organized crime
J. EDGAR HOOVER
1/2 hr after sunset to 1/2 hr before sunrise
NIGHT TIME
1/2 hr before sunrise until 1/2 hr after sunset
DAY TIME
What is the amount we deal with in accident investigation?
$1000
During Texas' 100 yrs as a province of Mexico, Mexican governor reigned over the territory that would later become Texas. Policing was handled by the __________________
SPANISH MILITARY
What questions are to be answered in field notes to complete a report?
Who, What, When, Where, Why, How
What are the 8 essentials of a good police report?
Accurate, Concise, Complete, Clear, Legible, Objective, Grammatically Correct, Correct Spelling
What is used in observing?
All five senses
How do we describe?
Top to bottom, left to right, head to toe
ACRONYM used to describe a vehicle and what does it stand for
CYMBAL
C - Color
Y - Year
M - Make/Model
B - Body style
A - and
L - License Plate
Advantages of proper field notes
Allow officer to separate details of offense
Officer is not totally dependent on memory
Provides detail when preparing report and testifying in court
What is the youngest age at which a hardship license may be issued in the State of Texas?
15
Who has the right to prevent theft?
All persons
A belief, opinion or adverse judgement formed beforehand
PREJUDICE
What opened new potential for progressive policing in agences using both the traditional model and problem oriented model
COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING
Capable of causing death or serious bodily injury
DEADLY FORCE (PC 9.01)
Relative event that something took place
Flashback
The study of the nature and actions of poisons
TOXICOLOGY
A written order by a magistrate directed to a peace officer commanding him to search the property
SEARCH WARRANT (CCP 18.01(a))
Shared cultures or beliefs
ETHNICITY
District courts handle ________ cases.
felony
To sell, dispense, give away, or supply in any manner
DELIVER
A dangerous drug
PRESCRIPTION DRUG
A person other than a pharmacist who manufactures dangerous drugs
Manufacturer
Directs the witness to bring evidence and produce it in court
SUBPOENA DUCES TECUM (CCP Art 24.02)
Putting your __________ __________ number on everything is operation identification.
driver's license
Bring accused before the judge to answer the charges against him
Writ of Habeas Corpus (CCP Art 11.01)
An affirmative defense to prosecution if engaged because of the treat to himself
DURESS (PC 8.05)
T/F - Voluntary Intoxication does not constitute a defense to the commission of a crime. (PC 8.04)
TRUE
Conduct merely affording a person an opportunity to commit an offense does not constitute ________
ENTRAPMENT (PC 8.06)
In accordance with CCP Art 17.291, a magistrate may order a suspect who is charged with a domestic violence offense to be held up to _____hours after posting bond.
No more than 48 hrs
A firearm or anything manifestly designed, made or adapted for the purpose of inflicting death or serious bodily injury
DEADLY WEAPON (PC 1.07), PX 42.01(8)
Deadly force ____________be used to rpevent suicide.
CANNOT (PC 9.34)
Intended for the use in diagnosis, cure, treatment or prevention of disease in man or animal
DRUG
What 3 ways can you get drugs into the body?
Inhalation, Injection, Ingestion
_____________ is incident to arrest
SEARCH
Area of open space that surrounds a dwelling and is considered part of a house
CURTILAGE
Policing philosophy based on the concept that police officers and private citizens working together in creative ways can help solve contemporary neighborhood decay
COMMUNITY POLICING
The Law Enforcement Canons of Ethics is adapted from what organization
International Association of Chiefs of Police
The only crime in the U.S. Constitution
TREASON
Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition
1st Amendment
States Rights
10th Amendment
A man has consensual sex with his 22 year old step-daughter. Has he committed a crime? If so what, and what is the punishment?
Yes, Prohibited Sexual Conduct, F3
What makes a Prohibited Sexual Conduct Charge a 2nd Degree Felony?
Engaging in sexual intercourse or deviate sexual intercourse with an ancestor or descedant by blood or adoption
Contact between the genitals of one person and the mouth or anus of another person with intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person
DEVIATE SEXUAL INTERCOURSE
Paul who is married to Sharon moves out of state after a domestic dispute. Ten years later, he meets Pam and marries her knowing he has not dicorced Sharon. What offense has he committed and the punishment?
BIGAMY, F3
Anna's husband Timothy elopes to Vegas with a 14 yr old student in his Sunday school class to be married. What crime will he be committing and the punishment?
Bigamy, F1
13 yr old Margie leaves home to meet a man she met on the internet named Pete who is 22 yrs old. Pete knowing the parents of Margie are looking for her, when asked by law enforcement denies she is with him. What offense could Pete be guilty of committing & the punishment?
Harboring a Runaway, Class A
Noncustodial parent running away with the child
Interference With Child Custody, SJF
An illegal adoption
Sale or Purchase of a Child, F3
A persons starts a fire causing an explosion with intent to destroy or damage another person's habitation. What is the offense and punishment
Arson, F1
PC 28.02
Without the consent of the owner, a person intentionally or knowingly damages or destroys the tangible property of another. What is the offense?
Criminal Mischief
PC 28.03
Without the effective consent of the owner, a person recklessly damages or destroys property of the owner
Reckless Damage or Destruction
PC 28.04
Causation is the link between the ________ and the ________.
Act, Harmful Result
A person may not be convicted of any offense committed when younger than 15 years of age.
TURE OR FALSE
FALSE
A person commits arson if they start a fire or explosion with the intent to destroy or damage a ______, ______, or _______.
Habitation, Building, Vehicle
If the pecuniary loss due to damage is less than $20, or causes substantial inconvenience to others, the offense is:
Criminal Mischief, Class C
Intentionally or knowingly tampering with property of another and causing pecuniary loss or substantial inconvenience to the owner or a third person
CRIMINAL MISCHIEF
Criminal Mischief offense with damage of $50 or less, what is the punishment?
Class C
What type of entry is necessary in the offense of burglary?
The intrusion of any part of the body, or any physical object attached to the body
John Holmes enters a residence without the effective consent of the owner to steal $75 worth of X-Rated video cassettes. What offense has Holmes committed?
Burglary F2
Criminal Mischief Offense with damage of $50-$499, what is the punishment?
Class B
Without the effective consent of the owner, a person enters a habitation, or a building (or any portion of a building) not then open to the public, with intent to commit a felony, theft or an assault
BURGLARY
A person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly carries on or about his person a handgun, illegal knife, or club. What offense would he be charged with?
Unlawful Carrying of a Weapon, Class A
Intentionally or knowingly displaying or distribute an obscene photograph, drawing, or similar visual representation or other obscene material and is reckless about whether a person is present who will be offended or alarmed by the display or distribution.
Obsence Display or Distribution, Class C
Causing a child younger than 18 yrs old to commit prostitution, regardless of whether the actor nows the age of the child at the time the actor commits the offense
COMPELLING PROSTITUTION, F2
Which of the following is not a club?
A. blackjack

B. nightstick

C. tomahawk

D. all of the above are clubs
D. All of the above are clubs
Is a knife with a blade over five and one half inches legal or illegal?
An illegal knife
Any bladed instrument that is capable of inflicting serious bodily injury or death by cutting or stabbing a person with the instrument
Knife
Unlawful carrying of a weapon on premises licensed by the state for the sale of alcoholic beverages is what degree offense?
F3
A person agrees with one or more persons to commit a felony; plus an overt act by one or more of them in pursuance of the agreement is committed. This constitutes:
Criminal Conspiracy
Without the effective consent of the owner, remaining concealed with the intent to commit a felony, theft, or an assault, in a building or habitation
Burglary
A person who intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes bodily injury to another, including the person's spouse, may be charged with what grade of assault?
Class A Misdemeanor
A person commits this offense if he does an act amounting to more than mere preparation that tends but fails to effect the commission of the offense.
Criminal Attempt
What is the punishment for Criminal Attempt?
One category lower than the offense attempted
____________ occurs when there is serious permanent disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ.
Serious bodily injury
An employee of a business steals, over a two week period, a watch worth $150, a TV worth $450, and assorted clothing worth $350. Which grade of theft would he be charged with?
Theft, Class A Misdemeanor
Joe Blow is wet and cold. To escape the weather, he forces his way into a closed business by breaking out a window (damage is $50). Blow should be charged with:
Criminal Trespass, Class B Misdemeanor
When a person causes the penetration of the anus or female sexual organ of another person who is not the spouse of the actor by any means, without that person's consent, they have committed the offense of:
Sexual Assault
A person commits the offense of Public Intoxication if he appears in public under the influence of alcohol or any other intoxicant.
False
A persons commits an offense if the person appears in a public place while intoxicated to the degree that the person may endanger the person or another. What is the offense and the punishment?
Public Intoxication, Class C
All persons are presumed to be innocent until proven guilty, and no person may be convicted of an offense unless each element of the offense is proven. The burden of proof required for a conviction is:
Proof beyond a reasonable doubt
Which of the following Disorderly Conduct offense's is not a class C misdemeanor?
A. fighting with another in a public place

B. displaying a firearm or other deadly weapon in a public place in a manner calculated to alarm

C. uses abusive, indecent, profane, or vulgar language in a public place

D. exposing one's anus in a public place and careless about whether another may be present who may be offended
B
In the course of committing a theft and with intent to obtain or maintain control of the property, an actor intentionally, knowingly or recklessly causes bodily injury to another or place another in fear of imminent bodily injury or death
Robbery F2
PC 29.02
What causes a robbery to become aggravated?
1. Cause SERIOUS bodily injury
2. Use or exihibit a deadly weapon
3. Victim be 65 or older or a disabled person
You have ___________days to report any change of address on your driver's license
30
Crisis situations can be diffused through ___________
Listening
An operator may not drive at a speed greater than is ______________and ______________ under the circumstances then existing.
reasonable, prudent
TC 545.351(a)
________________ ______________ is the standard used to determine the guilt or innocence of a person criminally charged.
Reasonable doubt
PC 2.01
If you are in a place where you have a legal right to be and see evidence of a crime, you can legally seize that evidence under which doctrine?
Plain View Doctrine
Seized property

[may/may not] be removed from the county in which it was seized without a magistrate of the county property was seized order?
may not
Can personal writings by the accused be seized without probable cause showing that it constitutes evidence with a search warrant?
No
CCP 18.02(10)
Personal writings cannot be seized in any search from the office of a newspaper, news magazine, television station or radio station. (T/F)
True
CCP 18.02(e)
The normal human response to trauma follows a similar pattern called the ___________ _________.
Crisis reaction
A writ whose primary function is to release individuals from unlawful imprisonment.
Writ of Habeas Corpus
CCP 11.01
____________ __________________ can be used to affect an arrest when the officer has _____________ ___________.
Reasonable Force, Probable Cause
PC 9.51
A group of behaviors or symptoms known as a syndrome:
Mental Disorder
What factor contributes to emergency vehicles having low audible sound?
heavy traffic
An individual association, corporation, or other legal entity that controls, operates or directs the operations of one or more vehicles that transport person or cargo over the road in this state
Motor Carrier
An order directing the sheriff or another person has possession until the suit can be decided or as the court directs?
Writ of Sequestration
A written statement of a grand jury accusing a person therein name of some act or omission which by law is declared to be an offense. (felony)
Indictment
CCP 21.01
A child may be detained in a juvenile processing office only for the issuance of a ____________ to the child.
Warning
FC 52.01(6)(c)
The act of keeping back or withholding, by design, a person
Detention
An act by an individual that is against another individual with whom that person has or is having a dating relationship
Dating Violence
FC 71.0021
Stage of the trial wherein the prosecutor elicits facts from the officer?
Direct Examination
The police role is essentially _______________.
Defensive
IN which text is the use of force covered?
Penal Code
Section 9
Factors which may contribute to traffic collision include self-righteousness, impatience, preoccupation, and ___________ pressure.
peer
Supervisors must complete training within ____ months of promotion
24
What type of motor vehicle is designed and used mainly to draw implements of husbandry?
Farm tractor
TC 541.201(4)
Minimum number of rounds in handgun qualification is ________.
50
The advantage of the rear approach is ________.
Surprise
A frisk is the justified search for _________.
weapons
A train ________ feet from a railroad crossing will emit an audible signal.
1500
TC 471.006
The examination of bloodstains and hair roots is referred to as ______________________.
dna fingerprinting
In family violence cases a police officer ________ give ________notice of _________advice.
shall, written, legal
CCP 5.04
Constables and their deputies are required to complete an additional _____hours of training in civil process.
20
When an investigator does not have a camera available, he/she should make a _______sketch
perspective
The commission has up to 3 actions against an individual what are they?
1. Written reprimand
2. Suspension
3. Revocation
You have ____days to respond on what happens from the date you are notified.
20 days or a default judgment will be entered against you
An offense punishable by fine or incarceration or both is a _______.
misdemeanor
Offense punishable by death or incarceration is a ___________.
felony
Whenever a peace officer meets with resistance in discharging any duty imposed upon him by law, he _______summons a sufficient number of citizens of his county to overcome the resistance.
shall
CCP 2.14
Objective of patrol is to _____________.
Crosswalk the peace
A person commits an offense if the person knowlingposses an open container in a _________ area of a _______ _________.
passenger, motor vehicle
PC 49.03(b)
A peace officer ______ summon aid to assist.
shall
CCP 2.14
If younger than 18, can use discipline, but not deadly force is justified under what relationship?
parent child relationship
PC 9.61
Child means a person who is ___ years of age or older and under _____ years of age.
10, 17
PC 22.011
The ______ response concept says that any chemical in the right amount may be toxic.
DOSE
The case dealing with fruits of a poisonous tree doctrine is ________.
Wong Sun v. US
List the 4 elements of the offense
1. Forbidden conduct
2. Required culpability
3. Required Result
4. Negation of an exception to the offense

PC 1.07(22)
______ is the color of reflectors on a vehicle
Red
TC 547.303(a)
Distance of hazard lights and turn signals to be seen is________.
500 ft
TC 547.331(2)
________ are the color of signal lights to the rear
Red or amber
TC 547.331(d)(2)
Reckless injury is ________ as a justification in prosecution for the reckless injury or killing of a 3rd person.
unavailable
PC 9.05
During which step of the seven step approach sets the tone for the stop?
1st
List the 6 controlled substances
1. Narcotics
2. Depressants
3. Stimulants
4. Simulated Controlled Substances
5. Hallucinogens
6. Marijuana
Being cut or abraded by a contaminated object is _______
Injection
Person starts a fire recklessly?
Arson
PC 28.02 (a-1)
A person commits the offense of ________ if the person starts a fire, regardless of whether the fire continues after ignition, or causes explosion with intent to destroy or damage.
Arson
PC 28.02
Person with spray can?
Graffiti
PC 28.08
Person enters garage attached to house and takes $1500 worth of merchandise out of the car?
Burglary
PC 30.02
A person commits _______ if he _______ appropriates property.
theft, unlawfully

PC 31.03
A person tampered with a price tag?
Fraudulent destruction, removal or concealment of writing
PC 32.47(4)
Suspect found with stolen credit card or debit card?
Credit/Debit Card Abuse
PC 32.31
Intentionally or knowingly by words or physical action prevents execution of civil action?
Preventing Execution of a Civil Process
PC 38.16, Class C
Offers to engage , agrees to engage for a fee in sexual contact?
Prostitution
PC 43.02
A person interrupts city council meeting and yells obscenities.
Disruptive Meeting or Procession
PC 42.05, Class B
Owning, investing in, financing, controlling, supervising or managing a prostitution enterprise that uses 2 or more prostitutes
Aggravated promotion of prostitution
PC 43.04, F3
What hides you but doesn't provide cover?
Concealment
Person smoking in the elevator?
Smoking Tobacco
PC 48.01, Class C
Lying under oath during an official proceeding or is a material witness is ___________.
Aggravated Perjury
PC 37.03, F3
Unauthorized departure from custody or failure to return to custody
Escape
PC 38.06
As it pertains to the Penal Code, what does "shall" mean?
Must
Lying under oath is _________.
Perjury
PC 37.02, Class A
Police officers promoted to a supervisor position must attend a supervisory course within _______ months.
24
_____% of a message is received due to content
7
A written order by a magistrate directed to a peace officer commanding him to search the property is a ________ _________.
search warrant
CCP 18.01
A person commits an offense if the person operates a motor vehicle in a public place (aircraft, watercraft, amusement ride) is ?
DWI Intoxication
PC 49.04
Can a search warrant end in an arrest?
Yes
CCP 18.09
An order signed by the proper magistrate directing a sheriff to receive and place in jail the person so committed.
Commitment
The single most common factor in suicidal behavior or deaths is the individual was experiencing _________.
Depression
TCLEOSE requires continuing education within 24 months for _______ __________ or license will be suspended.
peace officers
Strategies of defense mechanics of an arrest/weaponless strategy involves _________ the individual.
touching
Means the "body of crime":
Corpus Delecti
___________ is to restrict a person's movement without consent.
Restraint
PC 20.01(1)
Intentionally or knowingly restrains another?
Unlawful Restraint
PC 20.02, Class A
What is used as a shield or kidnapping?
Hint: Offense
Aggravated Kidnapping
PC 20.04(2)
List in order the five use of force options
1. Command presence
2. Verbal command
3. Weaponless Strategy
4. Weapons
5. Deadly Force
The vehicle used primarily to transort property is a _____________.
Truck
TC 541.201(21)
A ______ ___ ________ is needed to evict an individual.
Writ of Possession
An officer ____________ arrest a person protected from a protective order.
may not
PC 25.07
Took child from parent and kept child
Interfering with child custody
PC 25.03
Engaging in sexual contact with a child younger than 17 yrs of age
Indecency with a child
PC 21.11, F2
What is the charge for leaving a 6 year old in the car?
Leaving in a child in a vehicle
PC 22.10(1)
A person commits an offense with a child younger than 17 and not the person's spouse (whether sexual conduct/touching)?
Indecency with a child
PC 21.11(a)(1), F2
Intentionally or knowingly abducting another person with the intent to use him as a child or hostage
Aggravated Kidnapping
PC 20.04(2)
Constables have to take extra classes after certification on _______ _________.
Civil Process
When witnesses are not allowed to discuss a case during a trial, the judge has _________ ____ _____.
invoked the rule.
Case that deals with the Exclusionary Rule as it applies to state and local officers
Mapp v Ohio
The importance for the officer to maintain physical and emotional __________ ___________ when dealing with the public.
self control
Justification for baton use is ____________ ___________.
physical stature
When interviewing a suspect with two officers use the _______ or ________ position.
Y, triangle
The part of the shotgun that "reloads" the weapon is the ___________.
Fore end
As it relates to semi-autos, the __________ has a spring and a follower.
magazine
Chimel v California deals with what type of search?
search incident to a lawful custodial arrest
All your senses can give you ___________ of criminal activity.
suspicion
You cannot pass to the left within ________ feet of an intersection.
100
TC 545.056(a)(2)
Includes all means by which an alleged fact, the truth or which is submitted to scrutiny is established or disproved
evidence
What hours may you serve alcohol in an extended hours area?
Mon-Sat 7am-12am and 12am-2am
On Sundays, not before noon
ABC 105
When loading a shotgun, what protects the shell after loading?
breech
__________ is driven by the prosecuting attorney.
Exception
PC 2.02
What conduct is conscious desire or objective?
Intentionally
PC 6.03
Threat of force is justified when _________ of force is justified.
use
PC 9.04
_______________ is a defense to prosecution.
Mistake of Fact
PC 8.02
_____________ is not a defense to prosecution.
Mistake of Law
PC 8.03
Dark blue discoloration of the body that's closest to the ground is referred to as ______ ________ __________.
post mortem lividity
During which step can the violator justify his/her actions?
2nd
You may not park a vehicle within ______ feet of a yield sign.
30
TC 545.302(b)
____________ is where the bullets go in a revolver.
Cylinder
What does SARA stand for?
Scanning
Analysis
Response
Assessment
What is the correct distance when following another vehicle?
safe distance
TC 545.053
__________ is the color of signaling devices.
Red or amber
TC 547.303(b)
______________ is an affirmative defense to prosecution engaged because of threat to himself.
Duress
PC 8.05
Voluntary ____________ does not constitute a defense to the commission of a crime.
intoxication
PC 8.04
Conduct merely affording a person an opportunity to commit an offense does not constitute __________.
entrapment
PC 8.06
What 2nd degree felony recklessly causes death?
Manslaughter
PC 19.04
Time specified in the notice to appear must be __________.
at least 10 days
TC 543.006
Influences overall stopping distance of a car. (SWRVD)
Speed
Weather
Road
Vehicle
Driver
What 2 types of consent may be given for alcohol testing?
Breath & Blood
(Not saliva)
Peace officer __________ arrest if crime is committed in view of a magistrate.
may
CCP 14.02
You may only use dealer tags for __________ purposes.
demonstration
During a felony stop the preferred way is to offset vehicle to the ________ and __________feet back.
left, 10-15
Responding to crimes already committed is a ___________ response.
reactive
Injury to any part of the human body that requires treatment is _________ injury.
personal
A divided controlled access highway for through traffic is called a ____________.
freeway
TC 541.302(3)
A person is _____________ ______________ if he solicits, encourages, directs, aids or attempts to aid the other to commit an offense.
criminally responsible
PC 7.02 (a)(2)
Landmark case in criminal procedure in which the U.S. Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the 4th amendment which protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures", may not be used in criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well as federal courts.
Mapps v Ohio
A protective order is good for _____ years.
2
CCP 7A.07
A supervisor has an _________ ________ to stop unnecessary force by any police officer.
affirmative duty
Temporary tags on a car are good for _____ days.
*Buyer's Temporary Tags
60
TC 503.063
On rotary island must drive to the _________.
right
TC 545.059(c)
The definition of a controlled substance is a drug listed in ___________.
Penalty Groups 1 - 4, Schedule 1- 5
HSC 481.002 (6)
Leaving an alley, you should stop on the ________.
sidewalk
TC 545.256
Fight or flight usually results in _______________.
Exhaustion
No vehicle shall be driven left of center of the roadway when approaching within _______ ft of a bridge or tunnel.
100 ft
TC 545.056
When there is not enough time to obtain a warrant and the officer must establish probable cause is referred to as _______________.
Emergency/Exigent Circumstances
Because of its ________ __________ absence of large cities/urban area the watch and ward system did not evolve.
large territory
A peace officer __________ arrest an offender without a warrant for ______ ___________ in his view or presence.
may, any offense
CCP 14.01(b)
Blaming a person or group when things go wrong is referred to as _____________________.
scapegoating
Case dealing with searching containers found in a vehicle.
Ross v U.S.
_________ ___________ is of utmost importance when dealing with violators.
Self Control
Who started the Metropolitan Police Act?
Sir Robert Peel
Texas Rangers were established in 1823 by _______________.
Stephen F. Austin
A sentence is a group of words that _______________________.
express a complete thought.
1979 case required reasonable suspicion to make someone identify themselves.
Brown v Texas
A __________ _____________ is able to take everything around a situation and sort out relevant information.
skilled observer
What is the best search to use outdoors?
Strip search
Police agencies have estimated that approximately _____ of their calls for service are related to family violence.
45%
An ________________ is not a traffic condition.
accident
__________________ is the state or quality of mind or spirit that enables one to face danger with self-possession, confidence and resolution.
Courage
Officer has _________ to report to TCLEOSE any violation over a Class C.
30 days
CDL, you must fill an ____ ____ ________ form to put out for 24 hours.
out of service
A writ whose primary function is to release individuals from unlawful imprisonment.
A writ of Habeas Corpus
How many days do you have to serve a search warrant?
3 whole days not including day of execution and day of return
CCP 18.06
Is a water park district officer a peace officer?
Yes
CCP 2.12
Is a district attorney a magistrate?
No
CCP 2.08
Judges, mayors & recorders of incorporated cities are all _______________.
magistrates
CCP 2.09
What orders an individual to bring the accused before the judge to answer the charges against him
Writ of habeas corpus
CCP 11.01
"The gun was found under the seat" is an example of ____________ voice.
passive
A person is criminally responsible as a _________ to an offense if the offense is committed by his own conduct or by the conduct of another for which he is criminally responsible.
party
PC 7.01(a)
The entire width between the boundary lines of a publicly maintained way, any part that is opened for vehicle travel is a ________ or _________.
street, highway
TC 541.302(5)
A citizen can make an arrest on a felony or _______ ____ ____ ________.
breach of the peace.
PC 9.51
Illegal dumping occurs within ______ feet of a ________.
300, highway
HSC 365.012
A precursor is a drug case is referred to as _______ ______________.
drug paraphernalia
Taillights on a vehicle must be ________ in color and emit _______ feet away.
red, 1000
An operator of a vehicle passing another vehicle shall return to an authorized lane before coming within ________ feet of the approaching vehicle.
200
TC 545.054
Case that deals with stop and frisk
Terry v Ohio
Case that deals with "wing span"
Chimel v California
Case that deals with right to an attorney
Miranda v Arizona
_____________ is a temporary restraint.
Handcuffing
Phases to a victim to crime is ___________, __________, ____________.
impact, recoil, reorganization
Wet objects (i.e. bloodstains must be ________ prior to packaging as evidence.
Dried
_________ and ___________ is related to fitness and wellness
Motor, Health
You can obtain a ________ order of emergency protection after an arrest involving family violence.
magistrate's
CCP 17.292
A peace officer may arrest without warrant, when a __________ or _________ ___ __________ has been committed in the presence or within the view of a magistrate, and such magistrate verbally orders the arrest of the offender.
felony, breach of peace
The _____________ ______________ has traditionally barred from trial physical, tangible materials obtained either during or as a direct result of an unlawful invasion.
Exclusionary Rule
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