Judges must avoid bias, prejudice and harassment and require those who the jduge directs and controls (bailiff, clerk, etc.) to do likewise. Prohibited bias, prejudice, and harassment includes that which is based on race, sex, gender, religion, national origin, ethnicity, disability, age, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, marital status, political affiliation 1) Judge must disqualify herself when impartiality might reasonably (and objectively ... not based on party whim) be questioned
2) Judge should disclose any information that parties or lawyer might consider relevant even if the judge does not believe there is a reasonable basis for disqualification.
3) In an emergency, necessity overrides the rule of disqualification.
4) Judge must step down with personal knowledge/bias of possibly disputes facts
5) Judge must step down if she had prior involvement as material witness, lawyer, associate of key lawyer in case, presided as judge in another court, served as government employee in a capacity concerning the proceeding.
6) Judge cannot have economic interest (personally or as fiduciary) in the matter or one of the parties before her - except de minimis
7) If former partner or close relative (that is within the 3rd degree of relationship (ancestors or descendants, siblings, aunts, uncles, in law, TOO CLOSE) is a party, attorney, material witness, or person with more than a de minimis interest that could substantially be affected by the proceeding that is before the judge.
8) When judge knows a party (or attorney or law firm) has contributed more than the jurisdictions specified amount to his (her) election campaign committee within a designated number of prior years to the judge's election.
9) When judge or a candidate for jduge makes a public statement other than court proceeding/opinion that commits or appears to commit the judge to a particular position or result.
10) Parties can remit for all the above EXCEPT a judge's personal bias towards one of hte lawyers or a party.
1) Judge's personal and extra-judicial activities (while encouraged) must not interfere with proper performance or otherwise appear to undermine the judge's integrity or impartiality.
2) Judge must not testify as a character witness, except by subpoena.
3) Judge may take part in educational, religious, charitable, fraternal or civic organizations and activities that are not for profit.
4) Judges may encourage lawyers to provide pro bono services
5) Judges must not be members of organizations that discriminate on the basis of race, sex, gender, religion, national origin, ethnicity, or sexual orientation. . . one judge learns of the discrimination, he must resign immediately. - Except practicing freedom of religion
6) Fiduciary relationships: generally, judge must not serve as an executor, administrator, trustee, guardian or other fiduciary - except for a family member - and then only where there is no interference with official duties, proceedings would not ordinarily come before that judge (in judge's own court), or matter will not involve adversary proceedings in a court under that judge's appellate jurisdiction.
7) Generally, a judge may not serve as an officer, director, manager, general partner, advisor, or employee of a business. But the judge may hold and manage her own investments and those of her family unless such activity will interfere with official duties, lead to frequent disqualification, involve the judge in proceedings that will likely come before the judge
8) Judges may receive reasonable compensation for speaking ,teaching or writing unless such payment could appear to undermine impartiality. Judges may be reimbursed for necessary expenses (travel, food, lodging, etc.) or have fees waived when associated with the judge's participation in permitted activities.
9) Judges must not accept gifts, loans, bequests or other things of value where prohibited by law or where such may appear to undermine impartiality
10) Judges do not engage in full-time practice of law except pro se, advice for family members (but may not act in a forum).
The judge can:
1) Speak at gatherings, but must not, with respect to cases, controversies or issues that are likely to come before the court, make pledges, promises, or commitments that are inconsistent with impartial performance of duties
2) Must not hold office or make speeches on behalf of a political organization
3) Must not use court staff, facilities or court resources in a campaign
4) Must take reasonable steps to ensure (including family members) do not do what the judge/candidate cannot do
5) May respond to false or misleading statements issued by an opponent, or media, with factually accurate response, which may be done personally, but preferably through someone else.
6) Candidate can organize a fund-raiser - but does so by establishing a campaign committee; does not go out perosnally to get money - and can do so for a specified period before and a specified number of days after the election. Must meet all reporting requirements.
7) If a judge wants to run for non-judicial elective office, if law requires, must resign from bench ... or appointed office, need not resign judgeship
8) A judicial candidate msut act with dignity, impartiality, integrity and independence.