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Bones of the Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb

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Pectoral
flexibility most important; lightweight; insecure axaial and limb attachments
Pelvic
massive; secure axail and limb attachments; weight-bearing most importants
Uterus, bladdar, rectum, small intestine, and reproductive organs
What organs are protected by the pelvic girdle?
Male Pelvis
Female Pelvis
fallen arches
a weakening of the tendons and ligaments supporting the arches of the foot
illium, ischium, pubis
fuse to form the coxal bone
ischium
"sit-down" bone of the coxal bone
pubic symphysis
point where the coxal bones join anteriorly
iliac crest
superiormost margin of the coxal bone
acetabulum
deep socket in the coxal bone that receives the head of the thigh bone
sacroiliac joint
joint between axaial skeleton and pelvic girdle
femur
longest, strongest bone in the body
fibula
thin lateral leg bone
tibia
heavy medial leg bone
femur, tibia, patella
bones forming knee joint
tibial tuberosity
point where the patellar ligament attaches
patella
kneecap
tibia
shinbone
medial malleolus
medial ankle projection
lateral malleolus
lateral ankle projection
calcaneus
largest tarsal bone
tarsals
ankle bones
metatarsals
bones forming the instep of the foot
gluteal tuberosity, greater and lesser trochanters
sites of muscle attachment on the proximal femur
talus
tarsal bone that "sits" on the calcaneus
tibia
weight-bearing bone of the leg
talus
tarsal bone that articulates with the tibia

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