Constitution & Bill of Rights (1st Semester Final, BHS U.S. History)
Terms in this set (19)
Three branches of the U.S. Federal Government
Executive, Legislative, Judicial
What makes up the Legislative branch?
Congress - Senate and the House of Representatives
House of Representatives
lower house of congress based on state population, 435 members - each state has at least one
100 members, 6 year term, 2 per state
Speaker of the House
Paul Ryan, leader of the House of Representatives
President, Vice-president, and the cabinet (Secretary of State, of Defense, etc.)
How are cabinet members chosen?
Appointed by the president
the branch of government, including the federal court system, that interprets the nation's laws. No term limit.
How are Supreme Court judges chosen?
Appointed by President but must be ratified by Senate. No term limit.
What is the term limit for the President?
two -terms, each term is 4 years.
a system of government where power is shared between state and national government - the U.S.
checks and balances
a system that balances the distribution of power in a government by giving each a little control over the others
Powers of Congress
Taxing, printing money, and declaring war
Powers of the President
Policy maker, executive order, commander and chief, head of Executive branch.
Powers of Judicial Branch
-determine constitutionality of any Congressional act (Judicial Review)
-serve for life
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments - including freedom of speech
right to bear arms
right to assembly
no illegal search and seizure
no forced quartering
right trial by jury
declares the Constitution "the supreme law of the land"
The U.S. Constitution
Written in 1787...
Rules and rights that govern the United States government and provide protections to the people.
the highest court in the United States