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American Realities 8:II-6: Expanding American Democracy: The Woman Suffrage Victory
These questions are based on the book American Realities: Historical Episodes from Reconstruction to the Present by J. William T. Youngs
Terms in this set (32)
In the Washington D.C pageant on March 4, 1913, what did the rainbow-colored robes represent?
Justice, Charity, Liberty, and Hope.
Who was the most popular figure in the Washington D.C pageant crowd?
"General" Rosalie Jones. She had left New York several weeks before, leading her women on a long march to the capital. She carried a yellow pilgrim staff and a large bouquet of roses.
Who led a group of women by riding horseback at the front of the parad?
What were some of the positive responses elicited by the marching women?
Everywhere there were signs of support. Houses were decorated with yellow bunting, representing the women's movement, intertwined with the patriotic red, white, and blue. Thousands of spectators wore yellow "VOTES FOR WOMEN" buttons. Men wore badges or marched with the National Men's League for Woman Suffrage. Boy Scout troops and National Guard units helped control the crowd. Maj. J. M. Shindel of the Pennsylvania National Guard threw flowers in the path of Rosalie Jones and her pilgrims, shouting, "Nothing's too good for you!"
What were some of the negative responses elicited by the marching women?
Some men and women wore satirical badges proclaiming "VOTES FOR MEN" or depicting men's trousers with "VOTES FOR WOMEN" patches sewed over the bottoms. Others jeered or threw cigarette butts at the marchers. Drunken men tried to climb aboard the floats. A policeman shouted at Genevieve Stone, the wife of an Illinois congressman, "If my wife were where you are, I'd break her head."
What were some reasons for the long postponement of woman suffage?
Political machines that ran many state and local governments were reluctant to introduce a new set of voters into the electoral system. Traditional males considered women voters an unknown force that might threaten their power. Businessmen feared the influence of women's votes on working conditions in their factories: nonvoting women and children could be employed in poor conditions at low wages, and their bosses feared that woman suffrage might damage this profitable arrangement. The liquor interests felt threatened by sexual equality at the polls because the Prohibition crusade drew much of its strength from women.
How did opponents of woman suffrage feel the movement directly challenged their power?
Voting would overtax women's inferior intellects. Popular journals ran articles on such subjects as "Why the Vote Would Be Injurious to Women" and "Famed Biologist's Warning on the Peril in VOTES FOR WOMEN." A woman's proper place was in the home. When women went to the polls, they would be exposed to the corrupt influence of dissolute men. By choosing their own political candidates they might become independent of their husbands and lose their traditional attitude of subservience. The pillars of civilization would come crashing down, and all would be chaos.
The woman suffrage movement took place during what influential American era?
The Progressive Era
Give some examples of reform during the Progressive Era?
Roosevelt's "trustbusting," along with his creation of the Department of Commerce and Labor, curtailed some abusive actions of big business. The Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act guaranteed a better diet for Americans. Other acts strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission, regulated the railroads, and provided for equitable use of the national forests. Taft extended these reforms to include regulation of telephone companies and to break up monopolies in tobacco and oil. Wilson continued the earlier Republican reform momentum with new trust regulations, the Federal Reserve Act, and laws protecting labor.
How did suffragettes gain administrative experience and wider support for suffrage?
Some women's leaders tried to capitalize on the prevailing mood of ethnic conservatism to strengthen their demands for woman suffrage, arguing that their votes would strengthen the white middle-class electorate, because proportionately fewer immigrants than natives had wives. Others took part in reform programs, advocating Prohibition and conducting social welfare programs.
_________________ , the Quaker daughter of a local mill operator, was a temperance reformer who initially showed little interest in women's rights issues.
Susan B. Anthony
What two women would form a partnership that would be the most important factor in the first half century of the suffrage movement?
Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
What major victory did the suffrage movement win 1860?
Women persuaded the New York Legislature to adopt a law giving married women the right to their wages—which had formerly belonged to their husbands—and allowing them for the first time to sue in court.
Give some examples of how women pursued a variety of strategies to publicize their cause?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton ran for Congress as an independent, and Susan B. Anthony presented a suffrage petition to Congress with several thousand signatures. Stanton lost by 12,000 votes to 24, and Anthony's petition failed to persuade Congress to act. The two women campaigned unsuccessfully for a state woman suffrage law in Kansas. In the following year they persuaded a supporter to introduce a woman suffrage amendment in Congress, but the bill received no support.
In 1869, twenty-one years after the Seneca Falls Convention, the two women founded the ________________________.
National Woman Suffrage Association
What was the first region in the United States to adopt woman suffrage?
The Territory of Wyoming, where men greatly outnumbered women.
In 1890 the National Woman Suffrage Association joined forces with a rival organization, the American Woman Suffrage Association, to form the __________________________.
National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
Who attended the first convention of the NAWSA and immediately became one of its foremost members?
Originally from Iowa she was a teacher, school principal, and journalist. Carrie Chapman Catt
After Catt had to step down as president of NAWSA, _______________, a licensed preacher and physician who had received a theological degree from Boston University, took the position.
Anna Howard Shaw
Who was Pauline Agassiz Shaw?
One of the movement's great financial supporters. Her husband, a New England mining magnate, encouraged her to use the family fortune for many benevolent activities. Through the child-care centers Shaw became acquainted with the problems of working mothers and larger issues of women's rights. She believed if women could vote they would reform politics, improve working conditions, and increase chances for world peace. In 1901 she founded the Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government.
Who was the best-known social worker of the Progressive Era? She came to see woman suffrage as a way of achieving wider social reform.
Who was Harriot Stanton Blatch?
Daughter of Elizabeth Cady Stanton, she brought an appreciation for the more dramatic tactics of the British woman suffrage movement, and organized such activities as parades, political campaigns against suffrage opponents, and the organization of working women.
Who presented an eloquent appeal on behalf of seven million working women to the 1912 NAWSA Convention?
She said, "we wage earners know it to be almost universal that the men in the industries receive twice the amount granted to us although we may be doing the same work..."
Caroline A. Lowe
Who was one of the foremost leaders of the militant suffragists who felt that the movement was going too slow and that more should be done on the national level?
What kind of tactics did English suffragists employ that were far more radical than those of their American counter-parts?
They planted bombs, destroyed mail, burned men's clubs and social pavilions, damaged golf courses, and even attempted to take the royal jewels from the Tower of London.
Who instigated a vigorous suffrage campaign, including the organization of the great Washington suffrage parade of 1913?
Alice Paul and Lucy Burns
Alice Paul established the ____________________ to raise funds for her congressional committee.
Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage
What was another name for the 19th Amendment?
Susan B. Anthony Amendment
Acting on the principle that the party in power should be blamed for suffrage failure, the National Woman's party campaigned against ________________.
Who was the first martyr to their cause?
Describe Alice Paul's experience in jail?
She spent five horrifying weeks in prison, in overcrowded cells and then alone in a psychiatric ward. Already weakened by poor prison food, she decided to go on a hunger strike. The prison hospital force-fed her through hard tubes pushed into her nose. Prison doctors implied that she would be committed to an insane asylum. She was further intimidated by an "observation" procedure that involved awakening her with a bright light once every hour all night long. Her cell window was boarded up
Why was the League of Women Voters organized?
Created by Catt, it was designed to help women make the most intelligent possible use of their ballots.
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