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20 terms

Mosby Ch 7 Nutrition

Florida Institute of Animal Arts access
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(3) Diets (Stages of life diets)
growth, maintenance, senior (reproductive, lactation, work)
premium foods
require less food to meet daily requirements, produce less waste
generic foods
require more food to meet daily requirements, produce more waste
designer foods
homeopathic foods (all natural)
(3) prescription diets
Hills k/d (kidney disease), Hills h/d (heart disease), Hills l/d (liver disease),
(3) therapeutic diets
Hills w/d (weight management), Hills d/d (dermatological), Hills a/d (recovery)
Basic Nutrients
water, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, minerals, vitamins
vitamins
compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients
Fat soluble vitamins
Vitamins K, E, A, D
Carbohydrates
main source of energy for the body, heat source, building block for other nutrients
Lipids
heat source, provides insulation and protection for the body, energy source (2.25 times the energy than carbs)
Carbohydrates
corn, wheat, rice (sugars and starches)
Lipids
fats, (oils, and waxes)
Proteins
made of amino acids, building blocks for enzymes (and hormones), aids digestion
proteins
meats, meat by products
meat
tongue, diaphragm, heart, esophagus, overlaying fat, nerves and blood vessels (flesh of slaughtered animals)
meat by products
lungs, spleen, kidney, brain, liver, blood, bone, stomach intestines (clean parts of slaughtered animals)
AAFCO
American Animal Feed Control Officals
amino acids
building blocks (chemical units) that make up proteins
(5) minerals
phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, potassium, calcium, (sulfur, chlorine) (substances the body cannot manufacture)