Chapter 2
England's Imperial Stirrings
a. Did not have any interests in the 1500's to colonize.
b. Religious conflicts and conflicts with Ireland lead to the thought of native people as savages.
Elizabeth Energizes England
a. The English wanted to promote Protestantism.
b. Sir Walter Raleigh tried to form a colony on North Carolina's Roanoke Island. There were many false starts, and then there was the mysterious disappearance of all the people in the colony.
c. The defeat of the Spanish Armada ensured England's naval dominance in the North Atlantic.
d. England began to become a world power in the oceans.
e. After the defeat of the Spanish Armada the English found a new spirit in adventure.
England on the Eve of Empire
a. The population blooming and growing bigger, there was a need for space.
b. The need to colonize was strong.
Plants the Jamestown Seedling
a. King James I gave a charter to a joint-stock company to start a settlement in the New World.
b. The charter of the Virginia Company became a significant document in American history, because it guaranteed the settlers the same rights of Englishmen.
c. Jamestown was named in honor of King James I.
d. The settlement was saved by Captain John smith who stepped in as a leader.
e. Disease killed many of the settlers.
Cultural Clash in the Chesapeake
a. There was a tense relationship between the Native Americans and the English settlers in the James River area.
The Indians' New World
a. Disease was a huge factor that affected the natives in the Americas.
b. Trade transformed the Indians' lives; the trade of firearms gave huge advantages those who got them.
c. The natives along the Atlantic coast suffered the most, the ones inland had time, space and numbers to adapt to the European invasion.
d. There were interracial marriages as well.
Virginia: Child of Tobacco
a. Tobacco boomed in Virginia, it became the major export to England.
b. The prosperity of Virginia as built on tobacco.
c. Representative government was born in Virginia.
d. James I became hostile to the Virginia settler and made the colony directly under his control.
Maryland: Catholic Heaven
a. Was founded in 1634 by Catholic Lord Baltimore. He wanted a refuge for his fellow Catholics.
b. Resentment flared between the two religions, but Maryland prospered.
c. The local representative assembly passed the Act of Tolerance which granted tolerance to all Christians. But it decreed a death penalty to those who denied the divinity of Jesus.
The West Indies: Way Station to Mainland America
Sugar was the foundation of the West Indian economy. It was called the "rich man's crop."
b. African slaves were imported to grow sugar; the Africans outnumbered the Europeans four to one.
c. Slave codes were made to control the population of slaves.
d. Soon the slavery traveled to mainland America.
Colonizing the Carolinas
a. During the civil war in England in the 1640s, colonization was interrupted.
b. Carolina prospered by having close economic ties with the sugar islands of the English West Indies.
c. Carolina had a strong slave trade.
d. Rice became a major export crop in Carolina.
e. There were conflicts with both Indians and the Spanish is Carolina.
The Emergence of North Carolina
a. North Carolina was a place for those considered riffraff, irreligious and hospitable to pirates.
b. Was democratic and independent-minded like Rhode Island.
c. Settlers of North Carolina faced bloody relations between Indians and Europeans
Late-Coming Georgia: The Buffer Colony
a. 126 years after the first colony Virginia, and 52 years after the twelfth colony Pennsylvania, Georgia was founded.
b. Georgia was the buffer between the Carolinas and the Spaniards and the French.
c. It was named in honor of King George II
The Plantation Colonies
a. All shared the feature of exporting commercial agricultural products.
b. Slavery was found is every plantation colony.
c. They all permitted some religious toleration, and tax-supported the Church of England.