Intro to Sociology, Ch. 3 & 4 (2)

Key values of U.S. culture:
are sometimes in conflict with one another.
The intangible world of ideas created by members of a society is referred to as:
nonmaterial culture.
Cultural change is set in motion in three general ways. What are they?
invention, discovery, and diffusion
A person who criticizes the Amish farmer as "backward" for tilling his fields with horses and a plow instead of using a tractor is displaying:
The United States and Canada are both _______; however, Canadian culture is more _______ than U.S. culture.
multicultural; collectivist
The term _____ refers to a shared way of life, and the term ____ refers to a political entity.
culture; nation
Cultural transmission refers to the process of:
passing cultural patterns from one generation to another.
What is the term for the application of cultural knowledge to the task of living in an environment?
Compared to college students of the late 1960s, more of today's college students are concerned with:
making money.
The United States is the most _______ of all countries.
When Weber used the concept "rationality," he had in mind:
deliberate, matter-of-fact calculation of the most efficient way to accomplish any task.
Karl Marx used a philosophical approach called _____, Max Weber followed an approach called _____.
materialism; idealism
As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
rise up against the capitalist system.
Durkheim explained that organic solidarity is based on:
specialization and interdependence.
The Roman Empire at its peak power was what type of society?
Many people have marveled at the Great Wall in China and the Great Pyramids in Egypt. These monuments stand as evidence of the productive power of which type of society?
How would Durkheim describe the importance of a social structure such as family?
Family plays a part in the operation of society.
Weber traced the origins of the capitalist economy in Europe to:
the Protestant Reformation.
Which of the following concepts was used by Durkheim to name a condition in which society provides little moral guidance to individuals?
The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?