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History Exam 2- Ren/Ref/Counter
Terms in this set (41)
To help combat criticism of the church, he founded the Jesuit Order.
Feeling the Bible is the Supreme authority for Christmas, he translated it into English.
English author of UTOPIA, he couldnt support the king's efforts in the Reformation and "lost" his head.
Early 1400's critic of the Church burned at the stake.
Centered in modern Switzerland, he proposed an idea known as predestination.
To him, sculpture was tops: he reached new heights painting the Sistine Chapel.
He poked fun at the Middle Age ideas in DON QUIOXTE.
Migual de Cervantes
English writer whose works range from love stories about people who can't be together to rulers who go crazy.
Very confident of his abilities, he threw people "for a loop" by using perspective in his paintings.
Italian family whose power and wealth helped to reawaken Europe to Greco-Roman culture.
Not a weight-loss program but an attempt to make Luther change his mind.
Diet of Worms
Name given to the challenges made against the Catholic Church.
A minority in France, they followed the ideas of Calvinism.
Their beliefs were a challenge to both Church and political leaders.
A rebirth in the ways and culture of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
In, The Prince, Machiavelli lets readers know the measure of a good leader is how he achieves power.
Written during the middle ages, The Divine Comedy and Canterbury Tales helped introduce the rennaissance because they're written in vernacular.
Charles 5 probably hates the Reformation because it weaken his power over German princes of the Holy Roman Empire.
The counter-reformation was an attempt by various reformers like Luther and Calvin to challenge the power and practices of the church.
Wealthy people who supported artists and the arts were called patrons.
Mary 1 got her nickname "Bloody Mary" because she killed protestants to try to change England back to Catholicism
The peace of Augsburg helped make Germany a unified country like France and England.
For the first time in European history, women were the leaders of new movements like the Renaissance, not men.
The 95 Theses was written y Calvin attacking the practices of clergy.
Predestination was John Calvin's new idea that God chose those who were going to heaven even before they were born.
The pope didn't grant Henry's 8th divorce because charles 5, the Holy Roman Emperor, didn't want to lose his influence on the English throne.
Despite being burned at the stake, Martin Luther is seen as being responsible for the Reformation.
Henry 8th took up the idea of the Reformation and created a new church called the Church of England, not because he believed in Luther's ideas, but because he wants a divorce.
The sale of indulgences, or having sins forgiven by "donating" to the Church, outraged Martin Luther because he wasn't allowed to do it.
In Renaissance art, the focus of the subject matter changed from God and religion to human activities and interests.
Erasmus didn't want to break from the Church, but thought the message should be changed to show people how to live better lives here on earth.
Which was an idea held by Renaissance thinkers?
Life of Earth should be lived as fully as possible.
Which of the following is one reason that the Renaissance began in Italy
Wealthy Italian people supported the arts
The Renaissance movement that grew out of the study of classical lit, art, History, and philosophy was known.
What artistic northern Renaissance development are the Van Eyck brothers responsible for?
Which of the following is NOT correct regarding the Council of Trent in 1545?
It will weaken Church authority by saying people can interpret the Bible how they want
The movement to strengthen and spread Catholicism was known as:
the Counter- Reformation
Which of the following is NOT a change in Europe brought about by the Renaissance/Reformation?
Actually, all the above are changes
Which was probably the most important reason for the spread of new ideas during the Renaissance and Reformation?
The introduction of the movable type-printing press
Da Vinci is an excellent example of what a "renaissance man" was because he:
was a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor and mathematician
From our guest speakers discussion--- the Reformation was able to gain to become a challenge in Europe to the Church because of an outside threat from whom?
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