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CCJ 215 - Media, Crime & Criminal Justice (Final Exam)
Terms in this set (101)
Which of the following types of reality constitutes most of our knowledge about the world?
According to entertainment media, who is usually responsible for predatory criminality?
A high profile murder case ended a year ago and images of the defendant are still appearing in the local news, on various internet sites and even in select movies. This is an example of what?
Which of the following are examples of symbolic crimes?
- The beating of Rodney King
- The kidnapping and murder of Polly Klass
- The September 11th World Trade Center bombings
Serial killers in entertainment media are commonly portrayed despite the fact that serial killers account for only what percentage of U.S. homicides each year?
Crime and justice issues are often linked to the endangerment of the following issues:
Health, Welfare & Families
Which of the following is a major difference between contemporary print media and contemporary electronic media?
Print media is easier to select or avoid based on consumer preference
Which of the following is not one of the typical characteristics of contemporary criminal portraits in the media?
The criminal is African American
Which of the following best represents the ideal crime victim from a news perspective?
A child or a pregnant woman
Krista is a high school biology teacher who comes home from a science convention to find that she has been robbed. Which of the following types of reality best describes her experience?
Kelly, a news producer, notes that the public has been particularly interested in public school system sex scandals for a 6-week span and decides to feature similar stories. Kelly is selecting her news stories based on what model?
Matthew claims that building a new bar near his neighborhood will result in an increase in alcohol sales which will lead to an increase in crime. Matthew is employing what technique?
Linking one issue to another
Which of the following are historically symbolic white collar crimes?
- The Martha Stewart case
- The Tea Pot Dome Scandal
- The Jungle
Which type of media was the first type to blanket all of society?
Values in criminal justice movies may include:
- Appropriate violence
- Good consumerism
- Achieving justice
Rose, a 75-year old great-grandmother, blames her great-grandson's recent incarceration on the fact that his parents recently divorced. Rose believes in what frame?
Social Breakdown Frame
Josh an adolescent male who enjoys watching wrestling and mixed martial arts is arrested at school for fighting. What frame best describes his actions?
Violent Media Frame
The frame that holds that crime stems from a consequence of inequality and discrimination:
Blocked Opportunities Frame
In the movie The World is Not Enough, Elektra King plays the part of the:
Which of the following best describes the impact of infotainment on crime and justice portraits?
Infotainment presents realistic events and circumstances but the events are highly stylized and edited
Which engine of social construction reality is the most influential?
Which of the following are early examples of media trials?
- The movie To Kill a Mockingbird
- The Lizzie Borden murder trial
- The Patty Hearst trial
Miranda, a 32 year old single mother of 4 young children, works as a prostitute 3 nights a week. She figures if she does get caught, the punishment won't be nearly as bad as missing out on the hundreds of dollars she makes each night. What theory does this represent?
Rational Choice Theory
Morality plays of the 15th and 16th century were:
- Plays in which characters personified abstract concepts
- Allegorical plays
- Plays that taught that learning the hard way would disrupt society
Which of the following are characteristics of new media?
Narrowcasting, On Demand & Interactivity
According to Robert Merton's Strain Theory, a lack of harmony between ______ and ______ produces strain and frustration.
Cultural Goals and Institutional Means
According to Albert Bandura's ______ children learn by observing and imitating others.
Social Learning Theory
In early U.S. penny press newspapers, crime was portrayed according to what orientation?
Which of the following is NOT true about how frames influence crime and justice policy?
Frames remain mutually exclusive
George is a 15 year old living in a hispanic neighborhood... Before HS, he received Straight A's in school... Freshmen year, he started hanging out with his brother's friends and now George has been arrested for vandalism. Recent Behavior can be explained by which of the following theories?
Sociological Theory (the environment that is influencing him)
Which of the following is true for police procedural portrayals?
Civilians and other law enforcement personnel should not get involved
Which of the following is NOT true of female attorney portrayals in the media?
Police women have had a longer tradition in the media than female attorneys
The technique of ___ is used by reality shows to make the show appear unadulterated.
The technique of ____ is used by reality shows to get the audience to connect with certain characters in the show.
Which of the following definitions best define criminogenic media?
Media content that is hypothesized as a direct cause of crime
The entertainment media narrative of evil strangers includes the following subgroups:
Psychotic killers and non-americans
What supreme court case stated that any evidence found in violation of the fourth amendment would be excluded from the criminal case?
Mapp vs. Ohio
In the episode of the shield, the strike team was involved in:
The money train robbery
Which of the following is a theoretical mechanism by which violent video games might lead to aggression?
- Social learning
- Excitation transfer
- Cognitive neoassociation
Which of the following best describes characteristics of the CSI effect?
Attorneys and judges may prepare their cases differently because of anticipated juror expectations
The portrayals of certain behaviors by the media activate a cluster of associated ideas and concepts within the potential copycat offender that increase the likelihood that he/she will behave similarly. What mechanism is this?
Which judicial strategy for dealing with pretrial publicity directly conflicts with the first amendment?
Whether criminogenic effects such as copycat crime emerge in any particular individual depends on which of the following?
The individual's social context
Which of the following best describes violence in contemporary media?
Both the criminal and the crime fighter have become increasingly violent
Which of the following exemplifies how infotainment has worked its way into court proceedings?
Attorneys use entertainment narratives to construct reality and adds building blocks for their case
As the media pursued terrorists, terrorists became media-wise. They came to understand the dynamics of newsworthiness and the benefits of media exposure including which of the following?
- Increased legitimacy and political status
- Heightened perception of their strength and threat
- Increased ability to attract resources, support and recruits
A postmodern sense of the real that it counts for our loss of certainty in being able to distinguish clearly between reality and its representation:
A defendant is believed by many to be guilty of child molestation because the media has been reporting stories from neighbors who have seen the defendant hanging outside of a public school even though he has no children. This evidence helps to establish which of the following prejudicial publicity forms?
What supreme court case stated that media presence in the court room could affect the defendant's ability to receive a fair trial?
Estes vs. Texas
The television series "The Shield" was based on:
The Rampart Scandal
Different cop narratives are found in the media today. The ___ cops are those officers who take the extra step and sometimes join the dark forces of crime.
The ___ cops are those officers who go off on their own in their pursuit of criminals and justice.
Which of the following does not benefit the media in their pursuit to access government information?
The Privacy Act of 1974
Which of the following statistics is true in regards to reality police show demographics?
2/3 of Police are White
Media-orientated terrorism is highly valuable to news organizations for all of the following reasons except:
Acts of terrorist violence lack a beginning and an end
Media trials that fit the ___ theme include those cases in which the defendant occupies a position of trust or authority.
Abuse of power
Which of the following are factors that interact to contribute to the amount of copycat crime in a society?
- The initial crime and the criminal
- Subsequent media coverage
- Social context
Which of the following delineates the extreme violent media copycat crime relationship?
Repetitive viewing and self-editing of content
Which of the following is NOT a reactive strategy for dealing with pre-trial publicity?
Restrictive and protective orders
Copycat crime research suggests all of the following EXCEPT:
Copycat offenders usually do not have criminal intent o commit a particular crime
The Entertainment Industries Council produced a guide for screenwriters to use as a reference on:
Community Service, Fines and Restitution are what types of sanctions?
Which of the following best defines surveillance effect?
The psychological effect of fearing that you might be under observation
Perceiving the criminal justice system as an assembly line along which defendants should be processed as quickly and efficiently as possible:
The crime control model
In the movie Murder in the First, Henry Young was sent to prison for stealing $5. Why was he really sent to prison in real life?
Which of the following components of the media is most influential in regards to the social construction of corrections?
A local police agency publicizes the implementation of an aggressive special anti-DUI enforcement effort but they do not actually have an anti-DUI unit. The publicity about the phantom unit alone yields a deterrence effect for a short period of time. Which term does this best exemplify?
When an offender spends their nights and/or weekends in jail it is called:
News stories rarely place criminal justice information in the context of history, sociology and politics by highlighting trends, persistent problems or other systematic phenomena. This is known as?
When the recurrent message in films is the corrupt values of the correctional system the prison film narrative is:
The nature of confinement
When the message is that offenders were personally responsible for their actions the prison film narrative is
The pursuit of justice
When the message is represented by futuristic science fiction films about prison colonies the prison film narrative is
Freedom and release
When the message is the immortalizing the smug hack portrait of correctional officers the prison film narrative is
Authority and control
To be effective it was found that a media campaign must tailor its content to a...
According to most studies only _____ of all violence is actually committed by someone with a mental illness.
Anti-drug media campaigns have a historical tie to which of the following?
A common crime news format describes the crime and the resulting case is followed. This is known as:
The poem the blind man and the elephant relates to this course as a good example of:
- Our understanding of society and crime
- The arrogance of our knowingness
The insanity defense is raised in less than _____ of felony cases.
In 1954, _____ comic books were objected to because they depicted criminal acts or moral violations.
Who was the psychiatrist that was convinced there was a link between comic books and the increase in juvenile delinquency?
Dr. Frederick Werthan
The film industry has been making films about corrections since the early 1900s and prison films make up about __ of all films.
Seeing the criminal justice system as an obstacle course in which the government must prove an accused person's guilt while conforming to strict procedural rules:
The due process model
Another problem in using the media to deter crime is that offenders sometimes display a type of anticipatory reaction known as the _______ to the media campaign.
The National Mental Health Association conducted research that found that the public gathered most of its information about mental illness from:
Television news magazine shows (Dateline, 20/20)
In the movie Murder in the First, Henry Young was sent back to Alcatraz where he dies three months later. What is the true story?
He was eventually transferred to a prison in Washington state and released from there in the 1970s
Today's media constructed crime and justice ecology is populated with what type of offenders, victims and heroes?
______ a famous psychologist, approached the idea of myths from the viewpoint of the collective unconscious.
Dr. Carl Jung
When the insanity defense is raised in felony cases it succeeds in only ____ of those cases.
What are the first 10 Amendments?
1: Freedom of Religion, Speech & the Press
2: Right to Bear Arms
3: Housing of Soldiers
4: Protection from Unreasonable Searches and Seizures
5: Protection of Rights to Life, Liberty and Property
6: Rights of Accused Persons in Criminal Cases
7: Rights in Civil Cases
8: Excessive Bail, Fines & Punishments Forbidden
9: Other Rights Kept by the People
10: Undelegated Powers Kept by the States and the People
The existence of new media has led to what changes?
- How the ppl receives & processes information
- How the public understands & interacts with the world
The copycat effect related to new media has generated the greatest debate concerning what?
Violent digital video games
An attorney might use new media during jury selection. What information might they seek concerning potential jurors?
- Socioeconomic status
- Religious affiliation
- Educational background
- Political learnings
- Criminal backgrounds
Jurors using social media has led to what?
- Resulted in juror dismissals
- Triggered contempt findings against misbehaving jurors
Does media effects motivate terrorists?
Yes, the available evidence suggests it and most researchers agree.
Do people seeking notoriety imitate crimes?
Yes, when the news media sensationalize crimes and make celebrities of criminals.
Do violence prone children have difficulty distinguishing fact from fantasy?
Violence-prone children and individuals who have difficulty distinguishing fact from fantasy are particularly at risk for aping media violence.
New media have increased the public's tolerance for surveillance and what else?
- Previously low-visibility criminal justice events are now revealed
- More graphic news & entertainment are presented
- Judicial steps & interactions between the police and citizens are more often recorded
Media's role in terrorism is evolving primarily in reaction to what?
The Internet and social media -> media-orientated terrorism is expected to increase
What is a "smug hack"?
Paints corrections as a set of failed institutions by defective personnel
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