Gender and Crime Exam 3 Chapters 10-12

Who was Effie Skinner?
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A quality or attribute that employers are allowed to consider when making the decisions on the hiring and retention of employees. A quality that when considered in other contexts would constitute discrimination and thus be in violation of Civil Rights Employment Law. Qualifications must be listed in the employment offering.
1. The victim as well as the harasser may be a woman or a man. The victim does not have to be of the opposite sex.

2. The harasser can be the victim's supervisor, an agent of the employer, a supervisor in another area, a co-worker, or a non-employee.

3. The victim does not have to be the person harassed but could be anyone affected by the offensive conduct.

4. Unlawful sexual harassment may occur without economic injury to or discharge of the victim.

5. The harasser's conduct must be unwelcome.
What is Disparate or Adverse impact?1. Any policy or practice that serves to disadvantage members of a protected class 2. Bona fide job qualificationsWhat is the pregnancy discrimination Act?1. Employers must treat pregnancy like any other medical condition or temporary medical condition 2. Cannot deny a job because of pregnancy 3. Cannot deny a job because of possible pregnancy 4. As long as they can perform the duties they can workWhat is the Differential Opportunity Theory?Disenfranchised people may see breaking the law as not only okay, but necessary.What percent of incarcerated women are mothers and have their parental rights terminated?About 15%Historically _________, ________, and ________ ________ have impact rates at which individuals are incarceratedrace, income and immigrant statusWhat are the politics of justice?1. Redefining of prostitution into human trafficking 2. Critique the research and the data i. Ex. The number of children gunned down since 1950 has doubled each year 3. Policy for the future i. Communities need assistance in development strategies for success ii. More restorative approaches iii. More therapeutically oriented resources iv. Young women need, mentors, tutors and counseling 4. Goal i. The scales of justice to re-balance so their will be justice for all, irrespective of a persons, race, class, ethnicity or genderWhat race has the fastest growing population?HispanicWomen's Statistics1. 3% of executives of fortune 500 clubs are females 2. 14% of super PAC donors (political influence) are females 3. Women receive more bachelors, masters and PHDSIn what year did women earn 77 cents to a man earning 1 dollar?2011What are the benefits of research on Women in Policing?1. Proportionately lower excessive force lawsuits 2. Less discrimination cases 3. Less complaints 4. Less corruptionWhat year was the first woman police officer in Houston hired?1918