The Revolutionary War
Terms in this set (48)
Lexington/Concord and Bunker Hill
Which battles took place BEFORE the Declaration of Independence was signed?
"Do NOT fire until you see the whites of their eyes!"- At which battle were these orders given?
1. No regular army or navy. Just citizen soldiers (militia).
2. Lacked military experience
3. Short supply of weapons/ammo
4. Not all Americans were Patriots. Some were loyalists
5. Quakers would not fight
What were the disadvantages of the colonists?
1. Fighting on Home Turf
2. Fighting for a Cause
3. Used Guerilla Warfare
5. Great Leader- George Washington
What were the advantages of the colonists?
1. Strongest navy in the world
2. Experienced, well-trained army
3. Larger Population
4. Wealth $
What were the advantages of the British?
1. Fighting a war in a faraway land.
2. Had to transport soldiers 3,000 miles
3. Hired soldiers from Germany (Hessians) - Not necessarily loyal.
4. Redcoats, marching, and fighting style
What were the disadvantages of the British?
The British hired Hessians soldiers from
Another name for a loyalist is
Patriot leaders had guns, ammo, and other provisions secretly stored in a barn located in
Which of the following battles was considered a "trick play" by General Washington?
Which battle was nicknamed, "The Shot Heard Around the World"? Nobody knew who shot the first shot?
The British planned a three- prong attack on Albany, New York that resulted in Burgoyne's surrender to the Americans in the battle of
Capture the guns and ammo colonists have been secretly storing.
What was the British mission at the battle of Lexington and Concord?
Where did the Battle of Saratoga take place?
In this battle, the British make a frontal assault on the colonists' position. Yes, this is a suicide mission but the British are overly confident. It takes three times for the British to finally make the colonists retreat (only because they ran out of gun powder).
The Battle of Bunker Hill should be called the Battle of
The hit-and-run technique of fighting, which included blending into the environment, caught the British off guard. This is called
Battle of Long Island (New York)
At this battle, the British wanted to send an overwhelming number of soldiers to scare the Americans into giving up immediately. They also hoped to cut off the troublesome New England settlements from the rest of the colonies.
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place in the month of
Controlling the Hudson River would cut off New England from the rest of the Colonies.
What was the main reason the British wanted to capture and control the Hudson River?
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place in the colony of
On October 17, 1777, General Burgoyne surrendered part of the British army to the Americans at
The army lacked food/supplies and disease was widespread
Why was the winter at Valley Forge such a difficult time for the Continental Army?
Bankers from Holland lent money to the Americans.
How were the Dutch involved in the war?
a. Great Britain recognized the U.S. as an independent nation.
b. Britain promised to withdraw all troops from America.
c. Americans agreed that the British merchants could collect debts owed by Americans.
What were the terms of the treaty that ended the war?
Marquis de Lafayette
This French noble bought a ship and sailed to America. He became an aide to General Washington
to keep the soldier's confidence high.
George Washington's greatest challenge at Valley Forge was
from 1775 to 1783
The Revolutionary War occurred from ________to _________
They hoped to get their land back in return for helping the British.
Why did the Native-Americans join the British side?
At this battle, the British thought the French General Rochambeau would sail the navy from Rhode Island to New York City in an attempt to retake the city. Instead, the American army sent troops to Virginia and surrounded the British General Cornwallis and his men.
The Battle of Vincennes was fought in present-day
c. At the beginning, the Americans were outmatched, but their skills and tactics improved
Which of these statements describes the progress of the war?
a. The British won every battle until the final one.
b. The British soldiers lost most of the battles against the disciplined American soldiers.
c. At the beginning, the Americans were outmatched, but their skills and tactics improved.
d. The Americans outnumbered the British, finally defeating them at the Battle of Yorktown.
At this battle, Americans struggled but won, which strengthened our position "out West".
Cornwallis surrendered at the Battle of _______________. The war was over!
Who were the American delegates who went to Europe to negotiate a treaty?
Which battle is Anthony Wayne most associated with during the Revolutionary War?
Hessians soldiers were "soldiers for hire" also known as
Which city was known as "epicenter of protest and trouble makers"?
New York City
Which city was known to have a large population of loyalists?
It lifted Patriot spirits and showed Europe that Americans could win.
Why was the Battle of Saratoga important?
These two British brothers were the commanders of the British army and navy during the invasion of New York.
Treaty of Paris
The British recognized the United States as an independent nation in the
Americans ran out of supplies and had to retreat all the way to Pennsylvania.
What was the result of the Battle of Long Island?
This British general was late to the Battle of Saratoga because he traveled with 30 wagons of luxury goods (fine foods, drinks, and clothing) which slowed down progress.
Valley Forge was located outside the city of
Another word meaning self-esteem or confidence.
What does the word morale mean?
Which battle was considered the "turning point" of the war?
Which river did Washington and his troops cross during the Battle of Trenton?